risk

A risk is an action that holds a chance of danger or failure. Although it's fun jump around on glaciers, the risk of falling down a crack into a freezing lake might deter you from ice climbing.

Risk comes from the French for danger. As nouns, risk and danger are close synonyms. The verb risk means to run a danger, in hopes of reward. So risk is similar to gamble. If you're very ill, you might risk a dangerous surgery. We also use risk for money or security. You can risk your good health by working with infected patients without sterile equipment. Or you can risk your life savings on the stock market.

Definitions of risk
1

n a source of danger; a possibility of incurring loss or misfortune

Synonyms:
endangerment, hazard, jeopardy, peril
Types:
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health hazard
hazard to the health of those exposed to it
moral hazard
(economics) the lack of any incentive to guard against a risk when you are protected against it (as by insurance)
occupational hazard
any condition of a job that can result in illness or injury
sword of Damocles
a constant and imminent peril
biohazard
hazard to humans or the environment resulting from biological agents or conditions
Type of:
danger
a cause of pain or injury or loss

n a venture undertaken without regard to possible loss or injury

“he saw the rewards but not the risks of crime”
Synonyms:
danger, peril
Types:
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chance
a risk involving danger
crapshoot
a risky and uncertain venture
gamble
a risky act or venture
long shot
a venture that involves great risk but promises great rewards
raise
increasing the size of a bet (as in poker)
Type of:
venture
any venturesome undertaking especially one with an uncertain outcome

n the probability of becoming infected given that exposure to an infectious agent has occurred

Synonyms:
risk of infection
Type of:
chance, probability
a measure of how likely it is that some event will occur; a number expressing the ratio of favorable cases to the whole number of cases possible

n the probability of being exposed to an infectious agent

Synonyms:
risk of exposure
Type of:
chance, probability
a measure of how likely it is that some event will occur; a number expressing the ratio of favorable cases to the whole number of cases possible

v expose to a chance of loss or damage

“We risked losing a lot of money in this venture”
“Why risk your life?”
Synonyms:
lay on the line, put on the line
Types:
adventure, hazard, jeopardize, stake, venture
put at risk
bell the cat
take a risk; perform a daring act
Type of:
assay, attempt, essay, seek, try
make an effort or attempt

v take a risk in the hope of a favorable outcome

Synonyms:
adventure, chance, gamble, hazard, run a risk, take a chance, take chances
Types:
go for broke
risk everything in one big effort
luck it, luck through
act by relying on one's luck
Type of:
assay, attempt, essay, seek, try
make an effort or attempt

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