measure

To measure something is to figure out how much of it is there. A measure can also be a step toward a goal: take measures to ensure you don't flunk an exam by cracking the books.

You can take measures to improve your health: limit sweets, get enough rest, get some exercise, and wash your hands to avoid the spread of germs. The noun also means a standard for comparison. You can measure your time against the good you will do if you volunteer to help out a child via a mentoring program.

Definitions of measure
  1. verb
    determine the measurements of something or somebody, take measurements of
    Measure the length of the wall”
    synonyms: measure out, mensurate
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    shoot
    measure the altitude of by using a sextant
    triangulate
    measure by using trigonometry
    caliper, calliper
    measure the diameter of something with calipers
    calibrate
    measure the caliber of
    type of:
    decide, determine, make up one's mind
    reach, make, or come to a decision about something
  2. verb
    evaluate or estimate the nature, quality, ability, extent, or significance of
    synonyms: appraise, assess, evaluate, valuate, value
    assess
    estimate the value of (property) for taxation
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    grade, mark, score
    assign a grade or rank to, according to one's evaluation
    rate, value
    estimate the value of
    standardise, standardize
    evaluate by comparing with a standard
    reassess, reevaluate
    revise or renew one's assessment
    censor
    subject to political, religious, or moral censorship
    praise
    express approval of
    blue-pencil, delete, edit
    cut or eliminate
    revalue
    value anew
    troll
    praise or celebrate in song
    salute
    express commendation of
    applaud
    express approval of
    exalt, extol, glorify, laud, proclaim
    praise, glorify, or honor
    blandish, flatter
    praise somewhat dishonestly
    eulogise, eulogize
    praise formally and eloquently
    compliment, congratulate
    say something to someone that expresses praise
    gush, rave
    praise enthusiastically
    commend
    express approval of
    commend, recommend
    express a good opinion of
    advertise, advertize, promote, push
    make publicity for; try to sell (a product)
    puff, puff up
    praise extravagantly
    sonnet
    praise in a sonnet
    type of:
    evaluate, judge, pass judgment
    form a critical opinion of
  3. verb
    express as a number or measure or quantity
    synonyms: quantify
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    gauge
    measure precisely and against a standard
    scale
    measure with or as if with scales
    meter
    measure with a meter
    pace, step
    measure (distances) by pacing
    clock, time
    measure the time or duration of an event or action or the person who performs an action in a certain period of time
    fathom, sound
    measure the depth of (a body of water) with a sounding line
    titrate
    measure by (the volume or concentration of solutions) by titration
    plumb
    measure the depth of something
    librate, weigh
    determine the weight of
    mistime
    time incorrectly
    heft
    test the weight of something by lifting it
    type of:
    carry, convey, express
    serve as a means for expressing something
  4. verb
    have certain dimensions
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    stand
    be tall; have a height of; copula
    weigh
    have a certain weight
    endure, last
    persist for a specified period of time
    scale
    measure by or as if by a scale
    run, run for
    extend or continue for a certain period of time
    endure, hold out, wear
    last and be usable
    drag on, drag out
    last unnecessarily long
    type of:
    be
    have the quality of being; (copula, used with an adjective or a predicate noun)
  5. noun
    the act or process of assigning numbers to phenomena according to a rule
    synonyms: measurement, measuring, mensuration
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    seismography
    the measurement of tremors and shocks and undulatory movements of earthquakes
    quantitative analysis, quantitative chemical analysis
    chemical analysis to determine the amounts of each element in the substance
    actinometry
    measuring the intensity of electromagnetic radiation (especially of the sun's rays)
    algometry
    measuring sensitivity to pain or pressure
    anemography
    recording anemometrical measurements
    anemometry
    measuring wind speed and direction
    angulation
    the precise measurement of angles
    anthropometry
    measurement and study of the human body and its parts and capacities
    arterial blood gases
    measurement of the pH level and the oxygen and carbon dioxide concentrations in arterial blood; important in diagnosis of many respiratory diseases
    audiometry
    measuring sensitivity of hearing
    bathymetry, plumbing
    measuring the depths of the oceans
    calorimetry
    measurement of quantities of heat
    cephalometry
    measurement of human heads
    densitometry
    measuring the optical density of a substance by shining light on it and measuring its transmission
    dosimetry
    measuring the dose of radiation emitted by a radioactive source
    fetometry, foetometry
    measurement of a fetus (especially the diameter of the head)
    gravimetry, hydrometry
    the measurement of specific gravity
    hypsography, hypsometry
    measurement of the elevation of land above sea level
    mental measurement
    a generic term used to cover any application of measurement techniques to the quantification of mental functions
    micrometry
    measuring with a micrometer
    observation
    the act of making and recording a measurement
    pelvimetry
    measurement of the dimensions of the bony birth canal (to determine whether vaginal birth is possible)
    photometry
    measurement of the properties of light (especially luminous intensity)
    quantification
    the act of discovering or expressing the quantity of something
    radioactive dating
    measurement of the amount of radioactive material (usually carbon 14) that an object contains; can be used to estimate the age of the object
    meter reading, reading
    the act of measuring with meters or similar instruments
    sampling
    measurement at regular intervals of the amplitude of a varying waveform (in order to convert it to digital form)
    sounding
    the act of measuring depth of water (usually with a sounding line)
    sound ranging
    locating a source of sound (as an enemy gun) by measurements of the time the sound arrives at microphones in known positions
    scaling
    act of measuring or arranging or adjusting according to a scale
    spirometry
    the use of a spirometer to measure vital capacity
    surveying
    the practice of measuring angles and distances on the ground so that they can be accurately plotted on a map
    telemetry
    automatic transmission and measurement of data from remote sources by wire or radio or other means
    thermometry
    the measurement of temperature
    thermogravimetry
    the measurement of changes in weight as a function of changes in temperature used as a technique of chemically analyzing substances
    tonometry
    the measurement of intraocular pressure by determining the amount of force needed to make a slight indentation in the cornea
    viscometry, viscosimetry
    the measurement of viscosity
    triangulation
    a method of surveying; the area is divided into triangles and the length of one side and its angles with the other two are measured, then the lengths of the other sides can be calculated
    colorimetric analysis, colorimetry
    quantitative chemical analysis by color using a colorimeter
    volumetric analysis
    quantitative analysis by the use of definite volumes of standard solutions or reagents
    volumetric analysis
    determination of the volume of gases (or changes in their volume) during combination
    gravimetric analysis
    quantitative analysis by weight
    cytophotometry
    the study of chemical compounds inside a cell by means of a cytophotometer
    gradation, graduation
    the act of arranging in grades
    scalage
    the act of scaling in weight or quantity or dimension
    mental test, mental testing, psychometric test, test
    any standardized procedure for measuring sensitivity or memory or intelligence or aptitude or personality etc
    radio observation
    an observation made with a radio telescope
    type of:
    activity
    any specific behavior
  6. noun
    how much there is or how many there are of something that you can quantify
    synonyms: amount, quantity
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    chance, probability
    a measure of how likely it is that some event will occur; a number expressing the ratio of favorable cases to the whole number of cases possible
    quantum
    (physics) the smallest discrete quantity of some physical property that a system can possess (according to quantum theory)
    economic value, value
    the amount (of money or goods or services) that is considered to be a fair equivalent for something else
    fundamental measure, fundamental quantity
    one of the four quantities that are the basis of systems of measurement
    definite quantity
    a specific measure of amount
    indefinite quantity
    an estimated quantity
    relative quantity
    a quantity relative to some purpose
    metric, system of measurement
    a system of related measures that facilitates the quantification of some particular characteristic
    cordage
    the amount of wood in an area as measured in cords
    octane number, octane rating
    a measure of the antiknock properties of gasoline
    magnetisation, magnetization
    the extent or degree to which something is magnetized
    radical
    (mathematics) a quantity expressed as the root of another quantity
    volume
    the amount of 3-dimensional space occupied by an object
    volume
    a relative amount
    proof
    a measure of alcoholic strength expressed as an integer twice the percentage of alcohol present (by volume)
    time unit, unit of time
    a unit for measuring time periods
    point, point in time
    an instant of time
    period of play, play, playing period
    (in games or plays or other performances) the time during which play proceeds
    interval, time interval
    a definite length of time marked off by two instants
    golf hole, hole
    one playing period (from tee to green) on a golf course
    temperature
    the degree of hotness or coldness of a body or environment (corresponding to its molecular activity)
    mass
    the property of a body that causes it to have weight in a gravitational field
    conditional probability, contingent probability
    the probability that an event will occur given that one or more other events have occurred
    cross section
    (physics) the probability that a particular interaction (as capture or ionization) will take place between particles; measured in barns
    exceedance
    (geology) the probability that an earthquake will generate a level of ground motion that exceeds a specified reference level during a given exposure time
    fair chance, sporting chance
    a reasonable probability of success
    fat chance, slim chance
    little or no chance of success
    joint probability
    the probability of two events occurring together
    risk, risk of exposure
    the probability of being exposed to an infectious agent
    risk, risk of infection
    the probability of becoming infected given that exposure to an infectious agent has occurred
    length
    the linear extent in space from one end to the other; the longest dimension of something that is fixed in place
    quasiparticle
    a quantum of energy (in a crystal lattice or other system) that has position and momentum and can in some respects be regarded as a particle
    criterion, standard, touchstone
    a basis for comparison; a reference point against which other things can be evaluated
    mess of pottage
    anything of trivial value
    premium
    the amount that something in scarce supply is valued above its nominal value
    system of weights and measures
    system of measurement for length and weight and duration
    point system
    a system of graduating sizes of type in multiples of the point
    information measure
    a system of measurement of information based on the probabilities of the events that convey information
    utility
    (economics) a measure that is to be maximized in any situation involving choice
    enough, sufficiency
    an adequate quantity; a quantity that is large enough to achieve a purpose
    N, normality
    (of a solution) concentration expressed in gram equivalents of solute per liter
    absolute majority, majority
    (elections) more than half of the votes
    plurality, relative majority
    (in an election with more than 2 options) the number of votes for the candidate or party receiving the greatest number (but less that half of the votes)
    absolute value, numerical value
    a real number regardless of its sign
    acid value
    (chemistry) the amount of free acid present in fat as measured by the milligrams of potassium hydroxide needed to neutralize it
    chlorinity
    a measure of the quantity of chlorine or other halides in water (especially seawater)
    number
    a concept of quantity involving zero and units
    quire
    a quantity of paper; 24 or 25 sheets
    ream
    a quantity of paper; 480 or 500 sheets; one ream equals 20 quires
    solubility
    the quantity of a particular substance that can dissolve in a particular solvent (yielding a saturated solution)
    toxicity
    the degree to which something is poisonous
    unit, unit of measurement
    any division of quantity accepted as a standard of measurement or exchange
    magnetic flux
    a measure of the strength of a magnetic field over a given area
    Brix scale
    a system for measuring the concentration of sugar solutions
    circular measure
    measurement of angles in radians
    board measure
    a system of units for measuring lumber based on the board foot
    Beaufort scale
    a scale from 0 to 12 for the force of the wind
    system of weights, weight
    a system of units used to express the weight of something
    aught, cipher, cypher, goose egg, nada, naught, nil, nix, nothing, null, zero, zilch, zip, zippo
    a quantity of no importance
    addition, gain, increase
    a quantity that is added
    bag
    the quantity of game taken in a particular period (usually by one person)
    breakage
    the quantity broken
    capacity
    (computer science) the amount of information (in bytes) that can be stored on a disk drive
    catch, haul
    the quantity that was caught
    correction, fudge factor
    a quantity that is added or subtracted in order to increase the accuracy of a scientific measure
    containerful
    the quantity that a container will hold
    footstep, pace, step, stride
    the distance covered by a step
    headspace
    the volume left at the top of a filled container (bottle or jar or tin) before sealing
    large indefinite amount, large indefinite quantity
    an indefinite quantity that is above the average in size or magnitude
    limit, limitation
    the greatest amount of something that is possible or allowed
    limit, limit point, point of accumulation
    the mathematical value toward which a function goes as the independent variable approaches infinity
    output, production, yield
    the quantity of something (as a commodity) that is created (usually within a given period of time)
    neighborhood, region
    the approximate amount of something (usually used prepositionally as in `in the region of')
    outage
    the amount of something (as whiskey or oil) lost in storage or transportation
    reserve
    (medicine) potential capacity to respond in order to maintain vital functions
    run
    the production achieved during a continuous period of operation (of a machine or factory etc.)
    small indefinite amount, small indefinite quantity
    an indefinite quantity that is below average size or magnitude
    spillage
    the amount that has spilled
    spoilage
    the amount that has spoiled
    tankage
    the quantity contained in (or the capacity of) a tank or tanks
    ullage
    the amount that a container (as a wine bottle or tank) lacks of being full
    top-up
    an amount needed to restore something to its former level
    worth
    an indefinite quantity of something having a specified value
    skinful
    a quantity of alcoholic drink sufficient to make you drunk
    dosage, dose
    the quantity of an active agent (substance or radiation) taken in or absorbed at any one time
    load
    an amount of alcohol sufficient to intoxicate
    load, loading
    a quantity that can be processed or transported at one time
    precipitation
    the quantity of water falling to earth at a specific place within a specified period of time
    supply
    an amount of something available for use
    capacity, content
    the amount that can be contained
    temperature scale
    a system of measuring temperature
    period, period of time, time period
    an amount of time
    24-hour interval, day, mean solar day, solar day, twenty-four hour period, twenty-four hours
    time for Earth to make a complete rotation on its axis
    night
    the dark part of the diurnal cycle considered a time unit
    mean solar time, mean time
    (astronomy) time based on the motion of the mean sun (an imaginary sun moving uniformly along the celestial equator)
    TDT, TT, ephemeris time, terrestrial dynamical time, terrestrial time
    (astronomy) a measure of time defined by Earth's orbital motion; terrestrial time is mean solar time corrected for the irregularities of the Earth's motions
    access time
    (computer science) the interval between the time data is requested by the system and the time the data is provided by the drive
    distance, space
    the interval between two times
    distance
    a remote point in time
    embolism, intercalation
    an insertion into a calendar
    date, particular date
    a particular but unspecified point in time
    deadline
    the point in time at which something must be completed
    arrival time, time of arrival
    the time at which a public conveyance is scheduled to arrive at a given destination
    departure time, time of departure
    the time at which a public conveyance is scheduled to depart from a given point of origin
    month
    a time unit of approximately 30 days
    day, sidereal day
    the time for one complete rotation of the earth relative to a particular star, about 4 minutes shorter than a mean solar day
    midterm
    middle of an academic term or a political term in office
    full term, term
    the end of gestation or point at which birth is imminent
    midterm
    the middle of the gestation period
    bell, ship's bell
    (nautical) each of the eight half-hour units of nautical time signaled by strokes of a ship's bell; eight bells signals 4:00, 8:00, or 12:00 o'clock, either a.m. or p.m.
    60 minutes, hour, hr
    a period of time equal to 1/24th of a day
    30 minutes, half-hour
    a half of an hour
    15 minutes, quarter-hour
    a quarter of an hour
    min, minute
    a unit of time equal to 60 seconds or 1/60th of an hour
    quarter
    a unit of time equal to 15 minutes or a quarter of an hour
    s, sec, second
    1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
    attosecond
    one quintillionth (10^-18) of a second; one thousandth of a femtosecond
    femtosecond
    one quadrillionth (10^-15) of a second; one thousandth of a picosecond
    picosecond
    one trillionth (10^-12) of a second; one thousandth of a nanosecond
    nanosecond
    one billionth (10^-9) of a second; one thousandth of a microsecond
    microsecond
    one millionth (10^-6) of a second; one thousandth of a millisecond
    millisecond, msec
    one thousandth (10^-3) of a second
    instant, minute, moment, second
    a particular point in time
    set
    a unit of play in tennis or squash
    run-time
    the time at which a (software or multimedia) program is run
    beginning, commencement, first, get-go, kickoff, offset, outset, showtime, start, starting time
    the time at which something is supposed to begin
    middle
    time between the beginning and the end of a temporal period
    end, ending
    the point in time at which something ends
    seek time
    (computer science) the time it takes for a read/write head to move to a specific data track
    time constant
    (electronics) the time required for the current or voltage in a circuit to rise or fall exponentially through approximately 63 per cent of its amplitude
    slot, time slot
    a time assigned on a schedule or agenda
    lunitidal interval
    interval between the moon's transit of a particular meridian and the next high tide at that meridian
    absence
    the time interval during which something or somebody is away
    break, intermission, interruption, pause, suspension
    a time interval during which there is a temporary cessation of something
    interlude
    an intervening period or episode
    interim, lag, meantime, meanwhile
    the time between one event, process, or period and another
    latent period
    the time that elapses before the presence of a disease is manifested by symptoms
    latency, latent period, reaction time, response time
    the time that elapses between a stimulus and the response to it
    eternity
    a seemingly endless time interval (waiting)
    cycle, rhythm, round
    an interval during which a recurring sequence of events occurs
    lead time
    the time interval between the initiation and the completion of a production process
    period
    the interval taken to complete one cycle of a regularly repeating phenomenon
    phase, phase angle
    a particular point in the time of a cycle; measured from some arbitrary zero and expressed as an angle
    float
    the time interval between the deposit of a check in a bank and its payment
    show time
    the point in time at which an entertainment (a movie or television show etc.) is scheduled to begin
    then
    that time; that moment
    latency, rotational latency
    (computer science) the time it takes for a specific block of data on a data track to rotate around to the read/write head
    processing time
    the time it takes to complete a prescribed procedure
    type of:
    abstract entity, abstraction
    a general concept formed by extracting common features from specific examples
  7. noun
    a basis for comparison; a reference point against which other things can be evaluated
    “they set the measure for all subsequent work”
    synonyms: criterion, standard, touchstone
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    benchmark
    a standard by which something can be measured or judged
    ERA, earned run average
    (baseball) a measure of a pitcher's effectiveness; calculated as the average number of earned runs allowed by the pitcher for every nine innings pitched
    GPA, grade point average
    a measure of a student's academic achievement at a college or university; calculated by dividing the total number of grade points received by the total number attempted
    procrustean bed, procrustean rule, procrustean standard
    a standard that is enforced uniformly without regard to individuality
    yardstick
    a measure or standard used for comparison
    medium of exchange, monetary system
    anything that is generally accepted as a standard of value and a measure of wealth in a particular country or region
    graduated table, ordered series, scale, scale of measurement
    an ordered reference standard
    gauge, standard of measurement
    accepted or approved instance or example of a quantity or quality against which others are judged or measured or compared
    baseline
    an imaginary line or standard by which things are measured or compared
    norm
    a standard or model or pattern regarded as typical
    legal tender, stamp, tender
    something that can be used as an official medium of payment
    money
    the most common medium of exchange; functions as legal tender
    currency
    the metal or paper medium of exchange that is presently used
    Beaufort scale, wind scale
    an international scale of wind force from 0 (calm air) to 12 (hurricane)
    index
    a numerical scale used to compare variables with one another or with some reference number
    logarithmic scale
    scale on which actual distances from the origin are proportional to the logarithms of the corresponding scale numbers
    Mercalli scale
    a scale formerly used to describe the magnitude of an earthquake; an earthquake detected only by seismographs is a I and an earthquake that destroys all buildings is a XII
    Mohs scale
    a scale of hardness of solids; talc is 0 and diamond is 10; ordering is determined by which substance can scratch another substance
    Richter scale
    a logarithmic scale of 1 to 10 formerly used to express the magnitude of an earthquake on the basis of the size of seismograph oscillations
    moment magnitude scale
    a logarithmic scale of 1 to 10 (a successor to the Richter scale) that enables seismologists to compare the energy released by different earthquakes on the basis of the area of the geological fault that ruptured in the quake
    temperature scale
    a system of measuring temperature
    wage scale, wage schedule
    a schedule of wages paid for different jobs
    type of:
    metric, system of measurement
    a system of related measures that facilitates the quantification of some particular characteristic
  8. noun
    measuring instrument having a sequence of marks at regular intervals; used as a reference in making measurements
    synonyms: measuring rod, measuring stick
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    board rule
    a measure used in computing board feet
    rule, ruler
    measuring stick consisting of a strip of wood or metal or plastic with a straight edge that is used for drawing straight lines and measuring lengths
    size stick
    a mechanical measuring stick used by shoe fitters to measure the length and width of your foot
    carpenter's rule
    a rule used by a carpenter
    foot rule
    a ruler one foot long
    meterstick, metrestick
    a rule one meter long (usually marked off in centimeters and millimeters)
    yard measure, yardstick
    a ruler or tape that is three feet long
    type of:
    measuring device, measuring instrument, measuring system
    instrument that shows the extent or amount or quantity or degree of something
  9. noun
    a container of some standard capacity that is used to obtain fixed amounts of a substance
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    measuring cup
    graduated cup used to measure liquid or granular ingredients
    type of:
    container
    any object that can be used to hold things (especially a large metal boxlike object of standardized dimensions that can be loaded from one form of transport to another)
  10. noun
    any maneuver made as part of progress toward a goal
    “the situation called for strong measures
    synonyms: step
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    countermeasure
    an action taken to offset another action
    porcupine provision, shark repellent
    a measure undertaken by a corporation to discourage unwanted takeover attempts
    guard, precaution, safeguard
    a precautionary measure warding off impending danger or damage or injury etc.
    golden parachute
    giving top executives lucrative benefits that must be paid by the acquirer if they are discharged after a takeover
    greenmail
    (corporation) the practice of purchasing enough shares in a firm to threaten a takeover and thereby forcing the owners to buy those shares back at a premium in order to stay in business
    pac-man strategy
    the target company defends itself by threatening to take over its acquirer
    poison pill
    the target company defends itself by making its stock less attractive to an acquirer
    safe harbor
    the target company defends itself by acquiring a company so onerously regulated that it makes the target less attractive
    scorched-earth policy
    the target company defends itself by selling off its crown jewels
    backstop
    a precaution in case of an emergency
    security, security measures
    measures taken as a precaution against theft or espionage or sabotage etc.
    countermine
    (military) a tunnel dug to defeat similar activities by the enemy
    type of:
    maneuver, manoeuvre, tactical maneuver, tactical manoeuvre
    a move made to gain a tactical end
  11. noun
    a statute in draft before it becomes law
    synonyms: bill
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    appropriation bill
    a legislative act proposing to authorize the expenditure of public funds for a specified purpose
    bill of attainder
    a legislative act finding a person guilty of treason or felony without a trial
    bottle bill
    a statute that would require merchants to reclaim used bottles
    farm bill
    a statute that would regulate farm production and prices
    trade bill
    a statute that would regulate foreign trade
    type of:
    instrument, legal document, legal instrument, official document
    (law) a document that states some contractual relationship or grants some right
  12. noun
    musical notation for a repeating pattern of musical beats
    synonyms: bar
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    type of:
    musical notation
    (music) notation used by musicians
  13. noun
    (prosody) the accent in a metrical foot of verse
    synonyms: beat, cadence, meter, metre
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    catalexis
    the absence of a syllable in the last foot of a line or verse
    scansion
    analysis of verse into metrical patterns
    common measure, common meter
    the usual (iambic) meter of a ballad
    foot, metrical foot, metrical unit
    (prosody) a group of 2 or 3 syllables forming the basic unit of poetic rhythm
    dactyl
    a metrical unit with stressed-unstressed-unstressed syllables
    iamb, iambus
    a metrical unit with unstressed-stressed syllables
    anapaest, anapest
    a metrical unit with unstressed-unstressed-stressed syllables
    amphibrach
    a metrical unit with unstressed-stressed-unstressed syllables (e.g., `remember')
    trochee
    a metrical unit with stressed-unstressed syllables
    spondee
    a metrical unit with stressed-stressed syllables
    dibrach, pyrrhic
    a metrical unit with unstressed-unstressed syllables
    type of:
    poetic rhythm, prosody, rhythmic pattern
    (prosody) a system of versification
Word Family