dactyl

A dactyl is a unit of poetry consisting of three syllables, the first of which is stressed. The word "poetry" is itself a great example of a dactyl!

When a poem is made up of three-syllable metrical feet, and the emphasis naturally lands on the first syllable of each foot, you call those units dactyls. The Greek root is daktylos, which means "unit of measure" but also "finger." The literary term came from the "finger" meaning — the three bones in a finger represent the three syllables in a dactyl. These lines from Alfred, Lord Tennyson's "Charge of the Light Brigade" are written in dactyls: "Flashed all their sabres bare, / Flashed as they turned in air / Sabring the gunners there."

Definitions of dactyl
1

n a finger or toe in human beings or corresponding body part in other vertebrates

Synonyms:
digit
Types:
show 11 types...
hide 11 types...
minimus
the fifth digit; the little finger or little toe
finger
any of the terminal members of the hand (sometimes excepting the thumb)
toe
one of the digits of the foot
pollex, thumb
the thick short innermost digit of the forelimb
forefinger, index, index finger
the finger next to the thumb
annualry, ring finger
the third finger (especially of the left hand)
middle finger
the second finger; between the index finger and the ring finger
little finger, pinkie, pinky
the finger farthest from the thumb
big toe, great toe, hallux
the first largest innermost toe
hammertoe
a deformed toe which is bent in a clawlike arch
little toe
the fifth smallest outermost toe
Type of:
appendage, extremity, member
an external body part that projects from the body

n a metrical unit with stressed-unstressed-unstressed syllables

Type of:
foot, metrical foot, metrical unit
(prosody) a group of 2 or 3 syllables forming the basic unit of poetic rhythm

Sign up, it's free!

Whether you're a student, an educator, or a lifelong learner, Vocabulary.com can put you on the path to systematic vocabulary improvement.