injury

Injury is a noun with several similar meanings, all involving physical harm or wrongdoing. If you’re not careful, your reckless bike riding could result in a crash that causes injury.

Injury often refers to physical damage, but it can be used more figuratively to describe something that's unjust or that causes harm that isn't physical. For example, your estranged grandfather might do you the injury of leaving you out of his will. The word injury comes from in-, meaning “not,” and the Latin root ius or iur, meaning “right.” So an injury is something that's not right — it's something that has gone wrong that leads to damage.

Definitions of injury
1

n any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.

Synonyms:
harm, hurt, trauma
Types:
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brain damage
injury to the brain that impairs its functions (especially permanently); can be caused by trauma to the head, infection, hemorrhage, inadequate oxygen, genetic abnormality, etc.
birth trauma
physical injury to an infant during the birth process
blast trauma
injury caused the explosion of a bomb (especially in enclosed spaces)
bleeding, haemorrhage, hemorrhage
the flow of blood from a ruptured blood vessel
blunt trauma
injury incurred when the human body hits or is hit by a large outside object (as a car)
bruise, contusion
an injury that doesn't break the skin but results in some discoloration
bump
a lump on the body caused by a blow
burn
an injury caused by exposure to heat or chemicals or radiation
dislocation
a displacement of a part (especially a bone) from its normal position (as in the shoulder or the vertebral column)
electric shock
trauma caused by the passage of electric current through the body (as from contact with high voltage lines or being struck by lightning); usually involves burns and abnormal heart rhythm and unconsciousness
break, fracture
breaking of hard tissue such as bone
cryopathy, frostbite
destruction of tissue by freezing and characterized by tingling, blistering and possibly gangrene
intravasation
entry of foreign matter into a blood vessel
penetrating injury, penetrating trauma
injury incurred when an object (as a knife or bullet or shrapnel) penetrates into the body
pinch
an injury resulting from getting some body part squeezed
rupture
the state of being torn or burst open
bite, insect bite, sting
a painful wound caused by the thrust of an insect's stinger into skin
strain
injury to a muscle (often caused by overuse); results in swelling and pain
whiplash, whiplash injury
an injury to the neck (the cervical vertebrae) resulting from rapid acceleration or deceleration (as in an automobile accident)
wale, weal, welt, wheal
a raised mark on the skin (as produced by the blow of a whip); characteristic of many allergic reactions
lesion, wound
an injury to living tissue (especially an injury involving a cut or break in the skin)
pull, twist, wrench
a sharp strain on muscles or ligaments
raw wound
a wound that exposes subcutaneous tissue
stigmata
marks resembling the wounds on the crucified body of Christ
abrasion, excoriation, scrape, scratch
an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off
cut, gash, slash, slice
a wound made by cutting
laceration
a torn ragged wound
bite
a wound resulting from biting by an animal or a person
bee sting
a sting inflicted by a bee
flea bite
sting inflicted by a flea
mosquito bite
a sting inflicted by a mosquito
haemorrhagic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke
stroke caused by the rupture of a blood vessel in the brain
ecchymosis
the purple or black-and-blue area resulting from a bruise
petechia
a minute red or purple spot on the surface of the skin as the result of tiny hemorrhages of blood vessels in the skin (as in typhoid fever)
black eye, mouse, shiner
a swollen bruise caused by a blow to the eye
electric burn
a burn caused by heat produced by an electric current
scorch, singe
a surface burn
scald
a burn cause by hot liquid or steam
first-degree burn
burn causing redness of the skin surface
second-degree burn
burn causing blisters on the skin and superficial destruction of the dermis
third-degree burn
burn characterized by destruction of both epidermis and dermis
comminuted fracture
fracture in which the bone is splintered or crushed
complete fracture
break involving the entire width of the bone
compound fracture, open fracture
bone fracture associated with lacerated soft tissue or an open wound
compression fracture
fracture in which the bone collapses (especially in short bones such as vertebrae)
depressed fracture
fracture of the skull where the bone is pushed in
displaced fracture
fracture in which the two ends of the broken bone are separated from one another
fatigue fracture, stress fracture
fracture resulting from excessive activity rather than a specific injury
capillary fracture, hairline fracture
a fracture without separation of the fragments and the line of the break being very thin
incomplete fracture
fracture that does not go across the entire width of the bone
impacted fracture
fracture in which one broken end is wedged into the other broken end
closed fracture, simple fracture
an uncomplicated fracture in which the broken bones to not pierce the skin
abarticulation
dislocation of a joint
diastasis
separation of an epiphysis from the long bone to which it is normally attached without fracture of the bone
spondylolisthesis
a forward dislocation of one vertebra over the one beneath it producing pressure on spinal nerves
hernia, herniation
rupture in smooth muscle tissue through which a bodily structure protrudes
herniated disc, ruptured intervertebral disc, slipped disc
a painful rupture of the fibrocartilage of the disc between spinal vertebrae; occurs most often in the lumbar region
sprain
a painful injury to a joint caused by a sudden wrenching of its ligaments
immersion foot, trench foot
resembling frostbite but without freezing; resulting from exposure to cold and wet
cerebral hemorrhage
bleeding from a ruptured blood vessel in the brain
blood extravasation
the leakage of blood from a vessel into tissues surrounding it; can occur in injuries or burns or allergic reactions
hyphema
bleeding into the interior chamber of the eye
metrorrhagia
bleeding from the uterus that is not due to menstruation; usually indicative of disease (as cervical cancer)
epistaxis, nosebleed
bleeding from the nose
ulemorrhagia
bleeding of the gums
Type of:
health problem, ill health, unhealthiness
a state in which you are unable to function normally and without pain

n a casualty to military personnel resulting from combat

Synonyms:
combat injury, wound
Types:
blighty wound
a wound that would cause an English soldier to be sent home from service abroad
flesh wound
a wound that does not damage important internal organs or shatter any bones
Type of:
loss, personnel casualty
military personnel lost by death or capture

n an accident that results in physical damage or hurt

Synonyms:
accidental injury
Types:
concussion
injury to the brain caused by a blow; usually resulting in loss of consciousness
mutilation
an injury that causes disfigurement or that deprives you of a limb or other important body part
dismemberment, taking apart
the removal of limbs; being cut to pieces
Type of:
accident
an unfortunate mishap; especially one causing damage or injury

n an act that causes someone or something to receive physical damage

Types:
disservice, ill service, ill turn
an act intended to help that turns out badly
spoil, spoilage, spoiling
the act of spoiling something by causing damage to it
Type of:
actus reus, misconduct, wrongdoing, wrongful conduct
activity that transgresses moral or civil law

n wrongdoing that violates another's rights and is unjustly inflicted

Types:
damage, legal injury, wrong
any harm or injury resulting from a violation of a legal right
Type of:
actus reus, misconduct, wrongdoing, wrongful conduct
activity that transgresses moral or civil law

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