afflict

To afflict is to cause suffering, pain, or misery. It’s often associated with medical conditions. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is most likely to afflict someone who spends many hours every day typing on our computers.

We get afflict from the Latin word affligere, meaning “to strike down,” which is an old fashioned way of saying to get sick, or to have a condition of some kind. You could argue that chronic indecision was the main problem to afflict Hamlet, or that saying "um," "like," and "you know" are speech tics that afflict teens.

Definitions of afflict
  1. verb
    cause physical pain or suffering in
    afflict with the plague”
    synonyms: smite
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    types:
    visit
    assail
    blight, plague
    cause to suffer a blight
    type of:
    damage
    inflict damage upon
  2. verb
    cause great unhappiness for; distress
    “she was afflicted by the death of her parents”
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    types:
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    aggrieve, grieve, harrow
    cause to feel distress
    tribulate
    oppress or trouble greatly
    strain, stress, try
    test the limits of
    rack
    stretch to the limits
    type of:
    discomfit, discompose, disconcert, rattle, untune, upset
    cause to lose one's composure
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