temper

Temper can refer to a tendency to become unreasonably angry. If you’re not sure whether you have a temper, ask your friends — but don’t get mad if you dislike what they have to say.

Temper has a number of related yet distinct meanings. In addition to describing a tendency to anger, temper can also refer to one’s mood in general; if you use the word in this sense, you might describe someone's temper as "angry" or "mild." Temper can also be used as a verb meaning “to restrain.” If you have a nasty temper, you might try tempering your temper by counting to ten whenever you’re tempted to throw a "temper tantrum," or fit.

Primary Meanings of temper

1.
nv
a characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling
make more temperate, acceptable, or suitable by adding something else; moderate
2.
nv
the elasticity and hardness of a metal object; its ability to absorb considerable energy before cracking
bring to a desired consistency, texture, or hardness by a process of gradually heating and cooling
3.
v
adjust the pitch (of pianos)
Full Definitions of temper
1

n a characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling

“whether he praised or cursed me depended on his temper at the time”
Synonyms:
humor, humour, mood
Types:
show 7 types...
hide 7 types...
peeve
an annoyed or irritated mood
sulk, sulkiness
a mood or display of sullen aloofness or withdrawal
amiability, good humor, good humour, good temper
a cheerful and agreeable mood
distemper, ill humor, ill humour
an angry and disagreeable mood
jolliness, jollity, joviality
feeling jolly and jovial and full of good humor
moodiness
a sullen gloomy feeling
choler, crossness, fretfulness, fussiness, irritability, peevishness, petulance
an irritable petulant feeling
Type of:
feeling
the experiencing of affective and emotional states

n a disposition to exhibit uncontrolled anger

“his temper was well known to all his employees”
Synonyms:
biliousness, irritability, peevishness, pettishness, snappishness, surliness
Types:
querulousness
the quality of being given to complaining
Type of:
ill nature
a disagreeable, irritable, or malevolent disposition

n a sudden outburst of anger

“his temper sparked like damp firewood”
Synonyms:
irritation, pique
Type of:
annoyance, chafe, vexation
anger produced by some annoying irritation

v make more temperate, acceptable, or suitable by adding something else; moderate

“she tempered her criticism”
Synonyms:
mollify, season
Type of:
weaken
lessen the strength of

v restrain

Synonyms:
chasten, moderate
Type of:
alter, change, modify
cause to change; make different; cause a transformation
2

n the elasticity and hardness of a metal object; its ability to absorb considerable energy before cracking

Synonyms:
toughness
Type of:
elasticity, snap
the tendency of a body to return to its original shape after it has been stretched or compressed

v bring to a desired consistency, texture, or hardness by a process of gradually heating and cooling

temper glass”
Synonyms:
anneal, normalize
Type of:
harden, indurate
make hard or harder

v harden by reheating and cooling in oil

temper steel”
Synonyms:
harden
Type of:
modify
make less severe or harsh or extreme
3

v adjust the pitch (of pianos)

Type of:
adjust, correct, set
alter or regulate so as to achieve accuracy or conform to a standard

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