If your cat Fluffy seems dazed after a visit to the vet, it’s probably because the vet had to tranquilize her. In other words, Fluffy was given a drug to calm her down or make her sleep.

When doctors tranquilize a patient, it's usually to calm or relax the person before a medical procedure or after some trauma. It's more common to hear the verb tranquilize in the context of animal medicine or encounters with wild animals. For example, if a bear wanders into a suburban neighborhood, officials might use a dart gun to tranquilize it; they can then safely capture and relocate the bear. The root word, tranquil, comes from the Latin tranquillus, meaning "quiet."

Definitions of tranquilize
  1. verb
    make calm or still
    synonyms: calm, calm down, lull, quiet, quieten, still, tranquillise, tranquillize
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    agitate, charge, charge up, commove, excite, rouse, turn on
    cause to be agitated, excited, or roused
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    calm by deception
    calm (someone, especially oneself); make quiet
    appease, assuage, conciliate, gentle, gruntle, lenify, mollify, pacify, placate
    cause to be more favorably inclined; gain the good will of
    assure, reassure
    cause to feel sure; give reassurance to
    type of:
    comfort, console, solace, soothe
    give moral or emotional strength to
  2. verb
    cause to be calm or quiet as by administering a sedative to
    synonyms: calm, sedate, tranquillise, tranquillize
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    arouse, brace, energise, energize, perk up, stimulate
    cause to be alert and energetic
    hypnotise, hypnotize, mesmerise, mesmerize
    induce hypnosis in
    entrance, spellbind
    put into a trance
    type of:
    act physically on; have an effect upon
Word Family

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