compose

To compose is to put something together, like a song, poem, or even yourself. You might want to compose yourself before returning to the party after a good cry.

The word compose began with the Latin ponere, which means "to put, place," referring to placing or arranging any piece of work. It's been in the music business since the 1590s, and it's generally still used to describe the act of writing songs. But you can use it whenever you're pulling something together: you might compose an essay for English class, or notice that the class is composed of all girls.

Primary Meanings of compose

1.
v
form the substance of
2.
v
write music
3.
v
calm (someone, especially oneself); make quiet
Full Definitions of compose
1

v form the substance of

“Greed and ambition composed his personality”
Type of:
be, comprise, constitute, make up, represent
form or compose

v put together out of existing material

Synonyms:
compile
Types:
cobble together, cobble up
put together hastily
anthologise, anthologize
compile an anthology
catalog, catalogue
make a catalogue, compile a catalogue
Type of:
make
make by shaping or bringing together constituents

v make up plans or basic details for

Synonyms:
draw up, frame
Type of:
plan
make plans for something
2

v write music

“Beethoven composed nine symphonies”
Synonyms:
write
Types:
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counterpoint
write in counterpoint
set to music
write (music) for (a text)
arrange, set
adapt for performance in a different way
score
write a musical score for
melodise, melodize
supply a melody for
harmonise, harmonize
write a harmony for
instrument, instrumentate
write an instrumental score for
prearrange
arrange beforehand
put
adapt
transpose
put (a piece of music) into another key
reharmonise, reharmonize
provide with a different harmony
realise, realize
expand or complete (a part in a piece of baroque music) by supplying the harmonies indicated in the figured bass
orchestrate
write an orchestra score for
table, tabularise, tabularize, tabulate
arrange or enter in tabular form
Type of:
create, make
make or cause to be or to become

v produce a literary work

“She composed a poem”
Synonyms:
indite, pen, write
publish, write
have (one's written work) issued for publication
Types:
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draw
write a legal document or paper
lyric
write lyrics for (a song)
write about, write of, write on
write about a particular topic
profile
write about
paragraph
write paragraphs; work as a paragrapher
paragraph
write about in a paragraph
write off
write something fluently, and without hesitation
dash off, fling off, knock off, scratch off, toss off
write quickly
rewrite
rewrite so as to make fit to suit a new or different purpose
write copy
write for commercial publications
adopt, dramatise, dramatize
put into dramatic form
draft, outline
draw up an outline or sketch for something
poetise, poetize, verse, versify
compose verses or put into verse
author
be the author of
annotate, footnote
add explanatory notes to or supply with critical comments
cite, reference
refer to
write out, write up
put into writing; write in complete form
script
write a script for
relyric
write new lyrics for (a song)
metrify
compose in poetic meter
spondaise, spondaize
make spondaic
elegise, elegize
compose an elegy
sonnet
compose a sonnet
co-author
be a co-author on (a book, a paper)
ghost, ghostwrite
write for someone else
Type of:
create verbally
create with or from words
3

v calm (someone, especially oneself); make quiet

“She had to compose herself before she could reply to this terrible insult”
Type of:
calm, calm down, lull, quiet, quieten, still, tranquilize, tranquillise, tranquillize
make calm or still

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