medicine

Medicine is the field (and body of knowledge) that teaches doctors how to help people. Doctors also give medicine to patients.

Cough syrup, antibiotics, and pills are all forms of medicine. When someone gives you medicine, they are medicating you. People who study medicine become doctors and nurses. Without the field of medicine — which expands all the time — there would be so much more sickness and death. Medicine is devoted to finding out everything about health, illness, and the human body.

Definitions of medicine
  1. noun
    the learned profession that is mastered by graduate training in a medical school and that is devoted to preventing or alleviating or curing diseases and injuries
    “he studied medicine at Harvard”
    synonyms: practice of medicine
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    preventive medicine
    the branch of medicine concerned with preventing disease
    alternative medicine
    the practice of medicine without the use of drugs; may involve herbal medicines or self-awareness or biofeedback or acupuncture
    complementary medicine
    the practice of medicine that combines traditional medicine with alternative medicine
    herbal medicine
    the use of medicinal herbs to prevent or treat disease or promote health
    type of:
    learned profession
    one of the three professions traditionally believed to require advanced learning and high principles
  2. noun
    the branches of medical science that deal with nonsurgical techniques
    synonyms: medical specialty
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    allergology
    the branch of medical science that studies the causes and treatment of allergies
    anesthesiology
    the branch of medical science that studies and applies anesthetics
    angiology
    the branch of medical science that studies the blood and lymph vessels and their disorders
    bacteriology
    the branch of medical science that studies bacteria in relation to disease
    biomedicine
    the branch of medical science that studies the ability of organisms to withstand environmental stress (as in space travel)
    biomedicine
    the branch of medical science that applies biological and physiological principles to clinical practice
    cardiology
    the branch of medicine dealing with the heart and its diseases
    dental medicine, dentistry, odontology
    the branch of medicine dealing with the anatomy and development and diseases of the teeth
    prosthetics
    the branch of medicine dealing with the production and use of artificial body parts
    dermatology
    the branch of medicine dealing with the skin and its diseases
    emergency medicine
    the branch of medicine concerned with the prompt diagnosis and treatment of injuries or trauma or sudden illness
    endocrinology
    the branch of medicine dealing with the endocrine glands and their secretions
    epidemiology
    the branch of medical science dealing with the transmission and control of disease
    forensic medicine, forensic pathology
    the branch of medical science that uses medical knowledge for legal purposes
    gastroenterology
    the branch of medicine that studies the gastrointestinal tract and its diseases
    geriatrics, gerontology
    the branch of medical science that deals with diseases and problems specific to old people
    gynaecology, gynecology
    the branch of medicine that deals with the diseases and hygiene of women
    haematology, hematology
    the branch of medicine that deals with diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs
    hygiene, hygienics
    the science concerned with the prevention of illness and maintenance of health
    immunology
    the branch of medical science that studies the body's immune system
    general medicine, internal medicine
    the branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and (nonsurgical) treatment of diseases of the internal organs (especially in adults)
    nephrology
    the branch of medicine concerned with the kidney - its development and anatomy and physiology and disorders
    nuclear medicine
    the branch of medicine that uses radioactive materials either to image a patient's body or to destroy diseased cells
    clinical neurology, neurology
    (neurology) the branch of medicine that deals with the nervous system and its disorders
    neuropsychiatry
    the branch of medicine dealing with mental disorders attributable to diseases of the nervous system
    diagnostics, nosology
    the branch of medical science dealing with the classification of disease
    OB, midwifery, obstetrics, tocology
    the branch of medicine dealing with childbirth and care of the mother
    oncology
    the branch of medicine concerned with the study and treatment of tumors
    ophthalmology
    the branch of medicine concerned with the eye and its diseases
    otology
    the branch of medicine concerned with the ear
    materia medica, pharmacological medicine, pharmacology
    the science or study of drugs: their preparation and properties and uses and effects
    pharmaceutics, pharmacy
    the art and science of preparing and dispensing drugs and medicines,
    psychiatry, psychological medicine, psychopathology
    the branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders
    paediatrics, pediatric medicine, pediatrics, pedology
    the branch of medicine concerned with the treatment of infants and children
    chiropody, podiatry
    the branch of medicine concerned with the feet
    proctology
    the branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the colon or rectum or anus
    rheumatology
    the branch of medicine dealing with the study and treatment of pathologies of the muscles or tendons or joints
    otolaryngology, otorhinolaryngology, rhinolaryngology
    the medical specialty that deals with diseases of the ear, nose and throat
    space medicine
    the branch of medicine concerned with the effects of space flight on human beings
    sports medicine
    the branch of medicine concerned with the treatment of injuries or illness resulting from athletic activities
    therapeutics
    branch of medicine concerned with the treatment of disease
    thoracic medicine
    the branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the chest
    accident surgery, traumatology
    the branch of medicine that deals with the surgical repair of injuries and wounds arising from accidents
    tropical medicine
    the branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases that are found most often in tropical regions
    urogenital medicine, urology
    the branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the urinary tract or urogenital system
    veterinary medicine
    the branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and injuries of animals (especially domestic animals)
    virology
    the branch of medical science that studies viruses and viral diseases
    aeromedicine, aerospace medicine, aviation medicine
    the study and treatment of disorders associated with flight (especially with space flight)
    cosmetic dentistry
    the branch of dentistry dealing with the appearance of the teeth
    dental surgery
    the branch of dentistry involving surgical procedures
    endodontia, endodontics
    the branch of dentistry dealing with diseases of the dental pulp
    dental orthopaedics, dental orthopedics, orthodontia, orthodontics, orthodonture
    the branch of dentistry dealing with the prevention or correction of irregularities of the teeth
    periodontia, periodontics
    the branch of dentistry dealing with diseases of the gums and other structures around the teeth
    prosthodontia, prosthodontics
    the branch of dentistry dealing with the replacement of teeth and related mouth or jaw structures by artificial devices
    chemoimmunology, immunochemistry
    the field of chemistry concerned with chemical processes in immunology (such as chemical studies of antigens and antibodies)
    immunopathology
    the branch of immunology that deals with pathologies of the immune system
    fetology, foetology
    the branch of medicine concerned with the fetus in the uterus
    perinatology
    the branch of obstetrics concerned with the anatomy and physiology and diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the mother and the fetus or newborn baby during late pregnancy and childbirth and the puerperium
    pharmacokinetics
    the study of the action of drugs in the body: method and rate of excretion; duration of effect; etc.
    posology
    the pharmacological determination of appropriate doses of drugs and medicines
    psychopharmacology
    the study of drugs that affect the mind
    alienism
    an obsolete term for the study and treatment of mental illness
    mental hygiene, psychotherapeutics, psychotherapy
    the branch of psychiatry concerned with psychological methods
    audiology, audiometry
    the measurement of hearing
    neonatology
    that branch of pediatric medicine concerned with the newborn; the diagnosis and treatment of neonates
    toxicology
    the branch of pharmacology that deals with the nature and effects and treatments of poisons
    type of:
    medical science
    the science of dealing with the maintenance of health and the prevention and treatment of disease
  3. noun
    (medicine) something that treats or prevents or alleviates the symptoms of disease
    synonyms: medicament, medication, medicinal drug
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    Zovirax, acyclovir
    an oral antiviral drug (trade name Zovirax) used to treat genital herpes; does not cure the disease but relieves the symptoms
    Fosamax, alendronate
    a tablet (trade name Fosamax) prescribed to prevent or treat osteoporosis in women after menopause
    Zyloprim, allopurinol
    a drug (trade name Zyloprim) used to treat gout and other conditions in which there is an excessive buildup of uric acid
    Inocor, amrinone
    a drug (trade name Inocor) used intravenously in heart failure; increases strength of contraction of myocardium
    analgesic, anodyne, pain pill, painkiller
    a medicine used to relieve pain
    angiogenesis inhibitor
    a drug that is designed to prevent the growth of blood vessels that nourish tumors
    antiarrhythmic, antiarrhythmic drug, antiarrhythmic medication
    a drug used to treat an abnormal heart rhythm
    antibacterial, antibacterial drug, bactericide
    any drug that destroys bacteria or inhibits their growth
    anticholinergic, anticholinergic drug
    a substance that opposes or blocks the action of acetylcholine
    anticholinesterase
    a medicine that inhibits cholinesterase by combining with it and so has a cholinergic effect
    anticoagulant, anticoagulant medication, decoagulant
    medicine that prevents or retards the clotting of blood
    anticonvulsant, anticonvulsant drug, antiepileptic, antiepileptic drug
    a drug used to treat or prevent convulsions (as in epilepsy)
    antidepressant, antidepressant drug
    any of a class of drugs used to treat depression; often have undesirable side effects
    antidiabetic, antidiabetic drug
    a drug used to treat diabetes mellitus
    antidiarrheal, antidiarrheal drug
    a drug used to control or stop diarrhea
    antidiuretic, antidiuretic drug
    a drug that limits the formation of urine
    antiemetic, antiemetic drug
    a drug that prevents or alleviates nausea and vomiting
    antihistamine
    a medicine used to treat allergies and hypersensitive reactions and colds; works by counteracting the effects of histamine on a receptor site
    antihypertensive, antihypertensive drug
    a drug that reduces high blood pressure
    anti-inflammatory, anti-inflammatory drug
    a medicine intended to reduce inflammation
    antiprotozoal, antiprotozoal drug
    a medicinal drug used to fight diseases (like malaria) that are caused by protozoa
    antipyretic, febrifuge
    any medicine that lowers body temperature to prevent or alleviate fever
    antiseptic
    a substance that destroys micro-organisms that carry disease without harming body tissues
    antispasmodic, antispasmodic agent, spasmolytic
    a drug used to relieve or prevent spasms (especially of the smooth muscles)
    antitussive
    any medicine used to suppress or relieve coughing
    antiviral, antiviral agent, antiviral drug
    any drug that destroys viruses
    APC
    a drug combination found in some over-the-counter headache remedies (aspirin and phenacetin and caffeine)
    astringent, astringent drug, styptic
    a drug that causes contraction of body tissues and canals
    atomic cocktail
    an oral dose of radioactive substance used in treatment and diagnosis of cancer
    Imuran, azathioprine
    an immunosuppressive drug (trade name Imuran) used to prevent rejection of a transplanted organ
    blocker, blocking agent
    a class of drugs that inhibit (block) some biological process
    bronchodilator
    a drug that relaxes and dilates the bronchial passageways and improves the passages of air into the lungs
    calcium blocker, calcium-channel blocker
    any of a class of drugs that block the flow of the electrolyte calcium (either in nerve cell conduction or smooth muscle contraction of the heart); has been used in the treatment of angina or arrhythmia or hypertension or migraine
    carminative
    medication that prevents the formation of gas in the alimentary tract or eases its passing
    Atromid-S, clofibrate
    a drug (trade name Atromid-S) that reduces lipids in the blood serum; used to treat some cardiovascular diseases
    Plavix, clopidogrel bisulfate
    a blood thinner (trade name Plavix) approved for the treatment of mild heart attacks; works by preventing blood platelets from sticking together to form clots that would restrict blood flow
    cold medicine
    medicine intended to relieve the symptoms of the common cold
    counterirritant
    a medicine applied locally to produce superficial inflammation in order to reduce deeper inflammation
    cytotoxic drug
    any drug that has a toxic effect on cells; commonly used in chemotherapy to inhibit the proliferation of cancerous cells
    decongestant
    a drug that decreases pulmonary congestion
    demulcent
    a medication (in the form of an oil or salve etc.) that soothes inflamed or injured skin
    diaphoretic
    used to produce perspiration
    Antabuse, disulfiram
    a drug (trade name Antabuse) used in the treatment of alcoholism; causes nausea and vomiting if alcohol is ingested
    dosage, dose
    a measured portion of medicine taken at any one time
    Drixoral
    the trade name for a drug used to treat upper respiratory congestion; it contains an antihistamine and a bronchodilator and a vasoconstrictor
    HAART, drug cocktail, highly active antiretroviral therapy
    a combination of protease inhibitors taken with reverse transcriptase inhibitors; used in treating AIDS and HIV
    expectorant, expectorator
    a medicine promoting expectoration
    fixed-combination drug
    drug containing fixed amounts of two or more ingredients
    Lopid, gemfibrozil
    medication (trade name Lopid) used to lower the levels of triglyceride in the blood
    haematinic, hematinic
    a medicine that increases the hemoglobin content of the blood; used to treat iron-deficiency anemia
    herbal medicine
    a medicine made from plants and used to prevent or treat disease or promote health
    histamine blocker
    a medicine used to treat the gastric effects of histamine in cases of peptic ulcers and gastritis and gastroesophageal reflux; works by blocking the effects of histamine on the receptor site known as H2
    immune suppressant drug, immunosuppressant, immunosuppressive, immunosuppressive drug, immunosuppressor
    a drug that lowers the body's normal immune response
    inhalant, inhalation
    a medication to be taken by inhaling it
    Isuprel, isoproterenol
    drug (trade name Isuprel) used to treat bronchial asthma and to stimulate the heart
    Isordil, isosorbide
    drug (trade name Isordil) used to treat angina pectoris and congestive heart failure
    lipid-lowering medication, lipid-lowering medicine, statin, statin drug
    a medicine that lowers blood cholesterol levels by inhibiting HMG-CoA reductase
    Mecholyl, methacholine
    parasympathomimetic drug (trademark Mecholyl) that stimulates secretions and smooth muscle activity
    nux vomica
    a medicine made from the seeds of an Asiatic tree; contains strychnine and brucine; formerly used as a stimulant
    over-the-counter drug, over-the-counter medicine
    a drug that is sold without a prescription
    oxytocic, oxytocic drug
    a drug that induces labor by stimulating contractions of the muscles of the uterus
    camphorated tincture of opium, paregoric
    medicine used to treat diarrhea
    patent medicine
    medicine that is protected by a patent and available without a doctor's prescription
    Cuprimine, penicillamine
    a drug (trade name Cuprimine) used to treat heavy metal poisoning and Wilson's disease and severe arthritis
    Metrazol, pentamethylenetetrazol, pentylenetetrazol
    a drug used as a circulatory and respiratory stimulant; larger doses cause convulsions in shock therapy; Metrazol is a trademark
    pharmaceutic, pharmaceutical
    drug or medicine that is prepared or dispensed in pharmacies and used in medical treatment
    placebo
    an innocuous or inert medication; given as a pacifier or to the control group in experiments on the efficacy of a drug
    powder
    any of various cosmetic or medical preparations dispensed in the form of a pulverized powder
    ethical drug, prescription, prescription drug, prescription medicine
    a drug that is available only with written instructions from a doctor or dentist to a pharmacist
    probenecid
    a uricosuric drug that reduces the level of uric acid in the blood; used to treat gout
    aperient, cathartic, physic, purgative
    a purging medicine; stimulates evacuation of the bowels
    curative, cure, remedy, therapeutic
    a medicine or therapy that cures disease or relieve pain
    rubefacient
    a medicine for external application that produces redness of the skin
    depressant, downer, sedative, sedative drug
    a drug that reduces excitability and calms a person
    soothing syrup
    medicine in the form of a syrup that has a calming effect
    specific
    a medicine that has a mitigating effect on a specific disease
    Carafate, sucralfate
    medicine consisting of a tablet (trade name Carafate) used to treat peptic ulcers; said to bind to the ulcer site and coat it
    sudatory, sudorific
    a medicine that causes or increases sweating
    suppository
    a small plug of medication designed for insertion into the rectum or vagina where it melts
    tincture
    (pharmacology) a medicine consisting of an extract in an alcohol solution
    restorative, tonic
    a medicine that strengthens and invigorates
    tyrosine kinase inhibitor
    a drug used in cases of chronic myeloid leukemia
    vermicide
    an agent that kills worms (especially those in the intestines)
    anthelminthic, anthelmintic, helminthic, vermifuge
    a medication capable of causing the evacuation of parasitic intestinal worms
    ACE inhibitor, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor
    an antihypertensive drug that blocks the formation of angiotensin II in the kidney, leading to relaxation of the arteries; promotes the excretion of salt and water by inhibiting the activity of the angiotensin converting enzyme; also used to treat congestive heart failure
    Anacin III, Datril, Panadol, Phenaphen, Tempra, Tylenol, acetaminophen
    an analgesic for mild pain but not for inflammation; also used as an antipyretic; (Datril, Tylenol, Panadol, Phenaphen, Tempra, and Anacin III are trademarks of brands of acetaminophen tablets)
    acetanilid, acetanilide, phenylacetamide
    a white crystalline compound used as an analgesic and also as an antipyretic
    acetophenetidin, acetphenetidin, phenacetin
    a white crystalline compound used as an analgesic and also as an antipyretic
    acoustic
    a remedy for hearing loss or deafness
    Actifed
    trade name for a drug containing an antihistamine and a decongestant; used to treat upper respiratory conditions and minor allergies
    active placebo
    a placebo used in experimental tests of a drug that has noticeable side effects
    Proventil, Ventolin, albuterol
    a bronchodilator (trade names Ventolin or Proventil) used for asthma and emphysema and other lung conditions; available in oral or inhalant forms; side effects are tachycardia and shakiness
    aloes, bitter aloes
    a purgative made from the leaves of aloe
    alpha blocker, alpha-adrenergic blocker, alpha-adrenergic blocking agent, alpha-blocker
    any of various drugs that block alpha-adrenergic receptors; used in treating benign prostatic hyperplasia; relaxes the muscles of the prostate and bladder
    alum
    a double sulphate of aluminum and potassium that is used as an astringent (among other things)
    aminophylline
    a theophylline derivative that is used as a bronchodilator in the treatment of bronchial asthma, emphysema, and bronchitis
    amidopyrine, aminopyrine
    a white crystalline substance used as an analgesic and antipyretic
    Cordarone, amiodarone
    an antiarrhythmic drug (trade name Cordarone) that has potentially fatal side effects and is used to control serious heart rhythm problems only when safer agents have been ineffective
    antibiotic, antibiotic drug
    a chemical substance derivable from a mold or bacterium that can kill microorganisms and cure bacterial infections
    antidote, counterpoison
    a remedy that stops or controls the effects of a poison
    antimalarial, antimalarial drug
    a medicinal drug used to prevent or treat malaria
    antineoplastic, antineoplastic drug, cancer drug
    any of several drugs that control or kill neoplastic cells; used in chemotherapy to kill cancer cells; all have unpleasant side effects that may include nausea and vomiting and hair loss and suppression of bone marrow function
    Goa powder, araroba, chrysarobin
    a bitter yellow powder used to treat skin diseases
    Bayer, Empirin, St. Joseph, acetylsalicylic acid, aspirin
    the acetylated derivative of salicylic acid; used as an analgesic anti-inflammatory drug (trade names Bayer, Empirin, and St. Joseph) usually taken in tablet form; used as an antipyretic; slows clotting of the blood by poisoning platelets
    aspirin powder, headache powder
    a powdered form of aspirin
    Lipitor, atorvastatin
    an oral drug (trade name Lipitor) that is effective in lowering triglycerides; potent in reducing LDL cholesterol because higher doses can be given
    atropine
    a poisonous crystalline alkaloid extracted from the nightshade family; used as an antispasmodic and to dilate the eye pupil; also administered in large amounts as an antidote for organophosphate nerve agents or organophosphate insecticides
    Zithromax, azithromycin
    a systemic antibacterial medicine (trade name Zithromax) that is prescribed to treat bacterial infections in many different parts of the body
    baby powder
    powder used to prevent a baby's diaper from chafing
    beta blocker, beta-adrenergic blocker, beta-adrenergic blocking agent, beta-blocking agent
    any of various drugs used in treating hypertension or arrhythmia; decreases force and rate of heart contractions by blocking beta-adrenergic receptors of the autonomic nervous system
    booster, booster dose, booster shot, recall dose
    an additional dose that makes sure the first dose was effective
    bracer, pick-me-up
    a tonic or restorative (especially a drink of liquor)
    Dimetane, brompheniramine maleate
    antihistamine (trade name Dimetane) used to treat hypersensitivity reactions (as rhinitis)
    castor oil
    a purgative extracted from the seed of the castor-oil plant; used in paint and varnish as well as medically
    Baycol, cerivastatin
    an oral drug (trade name Baycol) to reduce blood cholesterol levels
    chloral hydrate
    a colorless crystalline drug used as a sedative; irritates the stomach and can be addictive
    chloramine, chloramine-T
    any of several compounds containing chlorine and nitrogen; used as an antiseptic in wounds
    chlorhexidine
    a long-lasting liquid antiseptic; used by surgeons to wash their hands before performing surgery
    Diuril, chlorothiazide
    a diuretic drug (trade name Diuril) used in the treatment of edema and hypertension
    Chlor-Trimeton, Coricidin, chlorpheniramine maleate
    an antihistamine (trade names Coricidin and Chlor-Trimeton)
    Tagamet, cimetidine
    a drug (trade name Tagamet) used to treat peptic ulcers by decreasing the secretion of stomach acid
    Catapres, clonidine
    an antihypertensive (trade name Catapres) that can be administered orally or via transdermal patches
    codeine
    derivative of opium; used as an antitussive (to relieve coughing) and an analgesic (to relieve pain)
    colchicine
    an analgesic drug derived from the saffron plant and used to treat gout
    Cox-2 inhibitor
    an anti-inflammatory drug that fights pain and blocks Cox-2 activity without impeding the activity of Cox-1; increases the risk of heart attacks
    Periactin, cyproheptadine
    an antihistamine (trade name Periactin) used to treat some allergic reactions
    dapsone
    antibacterial drug used to treat leprosy and some kinds of skin diseases
    DDC, ddC, dideoxycytosine, zalcitabine
    an antiviral drug used to combat HIV infection
    DDI, ddI, didanosine, dideoxyinosine
    an antiviral drug used to combat HIV infection
    Dynapen, dicloxacillin
    antibacterial (trade name Dynapen) used to treat staphylococcal infections that are resistant to penicillin
    dicoumarol, dicumarol
    an anticoagulant drug that has now been largely replaced by warfarin
    Cardizem, diltiazem
    a calcium blocker (trade name Cardizem) used in treating hypertension or angina or heart failure
    Dramamine, dimenhydrinate
    antihistamine and antiemetic (trade name Dramamine) used to treat motion sickness
    Dimetapp
    trade name for a drug containing an antihistamine and a decongestant; used to relieve nasal congestion and to treat rhinitis
    Benadryl, diphenhydramine
    antihistamine (trade name Benadryl) used to treat allergic reactions involving the nasal passages (hay fever) and also to treat motion sickness
    Dover's powder
    a medicinal powder made essentially of ipecac and opium; formerly used to relieve pain and induce perspiration
    Cardura, doxazosin
    an antihypertensive drug (trade name Cardura) that works by relaxing blood vessels so that blood passes through them more easily; it is also used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia
    draft, draught
    a dose of liquid medicine
    emetic, nauseant, vomit, vomitive
    a medicine that induces nausea and vomiting
    Emetrol
    trade name for an antiemetic drug that has a mint flavor
    Enkaid, encainide
    antiarrhythmic drug (trade name Enkaid) used to treat life-threatening arrhythmias but increases the risk of sudden death in heart attack patients
    Epsom salts
    (used with a singular noun) hydrated magnesium sulfate used as a laxative
    Emeside, Zarontin, ethosuximide
    an anticonvulsant drug (trade names Emeside and Zarontin) used to treat petit mal epilepsy
    face powder
    cosmetic powder for the face
    Pepcid, famotidine
    a histamine blocker (trade name Pepcid) used to treat peptic ulcers and gastritis and esophageal reflux
    Fentanyl, Sublimaze
    trade names of a narcotic analgesic that can be inhaled and that acts on the central nervous system and may become addictive; used as a veterinary anesthetic and with other drugs before, during, and after surgery; also used as a nonlethal gas to incapacitate people in hostage situations; also abused as a recreational drug
    Tambocor, flecainide
    oral antiarrhythmic medication (trade name Tambocor) used as a last resort in treating arrhythmias; increases the risk of sudden death in heart attack patients
    Lescol, fluvastatin
    least expensive statin drug (trade name Lescol); usually taken orally at bedtime
    Neurontin, gabapentin
    an anticonvulsant (trade name Neurontin) used to control some types of seizures in the treatment of epilepsy; also used to manage neuralgia caused by shingles
    Glucotrol, glipizide
    an oral antidiabetic drug (trade name Glucotrol) that stimulates the release of insulin from the pancreas
    Doriden, glutethimide
    sedative (trade name Doriden) used to treat some sleep disorders
    DiaBeta, Micronase, glyburide
    an oral antidiabetic drug (trade names DiaBeta and Micronase) that stimulates the release of insulin from the pancreas
    gramicidin
    an antibiotic produced by a soil bacterium; used chiefly as an antiseptic in treating local infections produced by Gram-positive bacteria
    Wytensin, guanabenz
    antihypertensive drug (trade name Wytensin) that reduces blood pressure by its effect on the central nervous system
    Lipo-Hepin, Liquaemin, heparin
    a polysaccharide produced in basophils (especially in the lung and liver) and that inhibits the activity of thrombin in coagulation of the blood; it (trade names Lipo-Hepin and Liquaemin) is used as an anticoagulant in the treatment of thrombosis and in heart surgery
    hexachlorophene
    antibacterial substance that is a water-soluble powder used in antiseptic soaps and toothpaste
    hit
    a dose of a narcotic drug
    hydantoin
    any of a group of anticonvulsant drugs used in treating epilepsy
    Apresoline, hydralazine
    an antihypertensive drug (trade name Apresoline) that dilates blood vessels; used (often with a diuretic) to treat hypertension and congestive heart failure
    Dilaudid, hydromorphone, hydromorphone hydrochloride
    a narcotic analgesic (trade name Dilaudid) used to treat moderate to severe pain
    Plaquenil, hydroxychloroquine
    anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Plaquenil) used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and malaria and lupus erythematosus
    interferon
    an antiviral protein produced by cells that have been invaded by a virus; inhibits replication of the virus
    iodoform, triiodomethane
    a yellowish crystalline solid with a penetrating odor; sometimes used as an antiseptic dressing
    Atrovent, ipratropium bromide
    an inhaled bronchodilator (trade name Atrovent)
    INH, Nydrazid, isoniazid
    antibacterial drug (trade name Nydrazid) used to treat tuberculosis
    Kaopectate
    trade name for a fixed-combination antidiarrheal drug that use kaolin as the adsorbent and pectin as the emollient
    Normodyne, Trandate, labetalol, labetalol hydrochloride
    antihypertensive drug (trade names Trandate and Normodyne) that blocks alpha and beta-adrenergic receptors of the sympathetic nervous system (leading to a decrease in blood pressure)
    laxative
    a mild cathartic
    lenitive
    remedy that eases pain and discomfort
    lethal dose
    the size dose that will cause death
    Lomotil
    trade name of an antidiarrheal
    application, lotion
    liquid preparation having a soothing or antiseptic or medicinal action when applied to the skin
    Mevacor, lovastatin
    an oral drug (trade name Mevacor) to reduce blood cholesterol levels; used when dietary changes have proved inadequate
    lypressin
    an antidiuretic and vasoconstrictor used to treat diabetes insipidus
    magic bullet
    a remedy (drug or therapy or preventive) that cures or prevents a disease
    Maxzide
    trade name for an antihypertensive drug containing hydrochlorothiazide and another diuretic
    mebendazole
    an anthelmintic used to treat hookworm and pinworm and roundworm infestations
    Antivert, meclizine, meclizine hydrochloride
    an antihistamine (trade name Antivert) used to treat or prevent motion sickness
    Mesantoin, mephenytoin
    a toxic anticonvulsant drug (trade name Mesantoin) used in the treatment of epilepsy when less toxic anticonvulsants have been ineffective
    Mebaral, mephobarbital
    a long-acting crystalline barbiturate (trade name Mebaral) used as a sedative and as an anticonvulsant in the treatment of epilepsy
    Mercurochrome, merbromine
    a mercurial compound applied topically as an antiseptic; Mercurochrome is the trademark
    Purinethol, mercaptopurine
    a drug (trade name Purinethol) that interferes with the metabolism of purine and is used to treat acute lymphocytic leukemia
    Alupent, metaproterenol
    a bronchodilator (trade name Alupent) used to treat asthma and emphysema and other lung conditions; available in oral or inhalant forms; side effects include tachycardia and shakiness
    Glucophage, metformin
    an antidiabetic drug (trade name Glucophage) prescribed to treat type II diabetes
    methapyrilene
    antihistamine used to treat allergic responses (as rhinitis or dermatitis or pruritus)
    Gemonil, metharbital
    anticonvulsant drug (trade name Gemonil) used in the treatment of epilepsy
    Mandelamine, Urex, methenamine
    antibacterial agent (trade names Mandelamine and Urex) that is contained in many products that are used to treat urinary infections
    amethopterin, methotrexate, methotrexate sodium
    toxic antimetabolite that limits cellular reproduction by acting as an antagonist to folic acid; used to treat certain cancers and psoriasis and rheumatoid arthritis
    Aldomet, alpha methyl dopa, methyldopa
    antihypertensive drug (trade name Aldomet) used in the treatment of high blood pressure
    Flagyl, metronidazole
    antiprotozoal medication (trade name Flagyl) used to treat trichomoniasis and giardiasis
    Mexitil, mexiletine
    antiarrhythmic drug (trade name Mexitil) used to treat ventricular arrhythmias
    Argyrol, mild silver protein
    antiseptic consisting of a compound of protein and silver (trade name Argyrol)
    milk of magnesia
    purgative consisting of a milky white liquid suspension of magnesium hydroxide; used as a laxative and (in smaller doses) as an antacid
    MAOI, monoamine oxidase inhibitor
    any of a group of antidepressant drugs that inhibit the action of monoamine oxidase in the brain and so allow monoamines to accumulate
    morphia, morphine
    an alkaloid narcotic drug extracted from opium; a powerful, habit-forming narcotic used to relieve pain
    NegGram, nalidixic acid
    antibacterial agent used especially to treat genitourinary infections
    nasal decongestant
    a decongestant that provides temporary relief of nasal symptoms of the common cold and rhinitis and upper respiratory infections
    Serzone, nefazodone
    an antidepressant drug (trade name Serzone)
    Neobiotic, fradicin, neomycin
    an antibiotic obtained from an actinomycete and used (as a sulphate under the trade name Neobiotic) as an intestinal antiseptic in surgery
    Neosporin
    trade name for a topical drug containing several antibacterials; used as an ointment for skin irritations and in the form of eyedrops for minor eye infections
    Prostigmin, neostigmine
    a cholinergic drug (trade name Prostigmin) used to treat some ophthalmic conditions and to treat myasthenia gravis
    Procardia, nifedipine
    calcium blocker (trade name Procardia); appears to increase the risk of recurrent heart attacks
    Macrodantin, nitrofurantoin
    derivative of nitrofuran used as an antibacterial medicine (trade name Macrodantin) effective against a broad range of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria; used to treat infections of the urinary tract
    NSAID, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
    an anti-inflammatory drug that does not contain steroids
    nontricyclic, nontricyclic antidepressant, nontricyclic antidepressant drug, nontricyclic drug
    a class of antidepressant drugs that are not tricyclic drugs and do not act by inhibiting MAO
    nostrum
    patent medicine whose efficacy is questionable
    balm, ointment, salve, unction, unguent
    semisolid preparation (usually containing a medicine) applied externally as a remedy or for soothing an irritation
    Tandearil, oxyphenbutazone
    an anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Tandearil) used to treat arthritis and bursitis
    Daricon, oxyphencyclimine
    an anticholinergic drug (trade name Daricon) used in treating peptic ulcers
    alleviant, alleviator, palliative
    remedy that alleviates pain without curing
    catholicon, cure-all, nostrum, panacea
    hypothetical remedy for all ills or diseases; once sought by the alchemists
    Talwin, pentazocine
    analgesic drug (trade name Talwin) that is less addictive than morphine
    Pyridium, phenazopyridine
    analgesic (trade name Pyridium) used to treat urinary tract infections
    pheniramine
    an antihistamine used in preparations to treat allergies and respiratory infections; used to treat rhinitis and skin rashes and pruritus
    Milontin, phensuximide
    anticonvulsant (trade name Milontin) used to treat petit mal
    Butazolidin, phenylbutazone
    anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Butazolidin)
    phenyltoloxamine
    antihistamine included in some preparations used to treat coughing and nasal congestion
    lozenge, pill, tab, tablet
    a dose of medicine in the form of a small pellet
    piperazine
    vermifuge used to treat infestations by roundworms or pinworms
    Pravachol, pravastatin
    an oral drug (trade name Pravachol) administered to reduce blood cholesterol levels; recommended after nonfatal heart attacks
    Minipress, prazosin
    antihypertensive drug (trade name Minipress)
    preventative, preventive, prophylactic
    remedy that prevents or slows the course of an illness or disease
    Mysoline, primidone
    an anticonvulsant (trade name Mysoline) used to treat grand mal seizures and essential tremor
    prochlorperazine
    antipsychotic and antiemetic drug used to treat schizophrenia and to combat nausea and vomiting
    Phenergan, promethazine
    antihistamine (trade name Phenergan) used to treat allergies; also an antiemetic used to treat motion sickness
    Darvon, propoxyphene, propoxyphene hydrochloride
    a mildly narcotic analgesic drug (trade name Darvon) related to methadone but less addictive
    PI, protease inhibitor
    an antiviral drug used against HIV; interrupts HIV replication by binding and blocking HIV protease; often used in combination with other drugs
    pyrilamine
    antihistamine used to treat rhinitis and pruritus
    Atabrine, mepacrine, quinacrine, quinacrine hydrochloride
    a drug (trade name Atabrine) used to treat certain worm infestations and once used to treat malaria
    Quinidex, Quinora, quinidine
    cardiac drug (trade names Quinidex and Quinora) used to treat certain heart arrhythmias
    radiopharmaceutical
    pharmaceutical consisting of a radioactive compound used in radiation therapy
    Zantac, ranitidine
    a histamine blocker and antacid (trade name Zantac) used to treat peptic ulcers and gastritis and esophageal reflux
    Edronax, reboxetine
    an antidepressant drug that blocks the reuptake of norepinephrine
    refill
    a prescription drug that is provided again
    Rau-Sed, Raudixin, Sandril, Serpasil, reserpine
    antihypertensive consisting of an alkaloid extracted from the plant Rauwolfia serpentina (trade names Raudixin or Rau-Sed or Sandril or Serpasil)
    reverse transcriptase inhibitor
    an antiviral drug that inhibits the action of reverse transcriptase in retroviruses such as HIV
    Virazole, ribavirin
    an inhaled antiviral agent (trade name Virazole) that may be used to treat serious virus infections
    Rifadin, Rimactane, rifampin
    an antibacterial drug (trade names Rifadin and Rimactane) used to treat tuberculosis
    Robitussin
    trade name of an expectorant that loosens phlegm and makes it easier to cough up
    sedative-hypnotic, sedative-hypnotic drug
    a sedative that depresses activity of the central nervous system and reduces anxiety and induces sleep
    SSRI, selective-serotonin reuptake inhibitor
    an antidepressant drug that acts by blocking the reuptake of serotonin so that more serotonin is available to act on receptors in the brain
    Zocor, simvastatin
    an oral lipid-lowering medicine (trade name Zocor) administered to reduce blood cholesterol levels; recommended after heart attacks
    sodium salicylate
    a crystalline salt used as an analgesic and antipyretic
    sulfa, sulfa drug, sulfonamide, sulpha
    antibacterial consisting of any of several synthetic organic compounds capable of inhibiting the growth of bacteria that require PABA
    sulfonylurea
    antidiabetic consisting of any of several drugs that reduce the level of glucose in the blood; used to treat diabetes mellitus
    Tenoretic
    trade name for an antihypertensive drug consisting of a fixed combination of atenolol and a diuretic
    Hytrin, terazosin
    antihypertensive drug (trade name Hytrin) used to treat high blood pressure
    carbon dichloride, ethylene tetrachloride, tetrachlorethylene, tetrachloroethylene
    anthelmintic agent used against hookworm and other nematodes
    Achromycin, tetracycline
    an antibiotic (trade name Achromycin) derived from microorganisms of the genus Streptomyces and used broadly to treat infections
    Elixophyllin, Slo-Bid, Theobid, theophylline
    a colorless crystalline alkaloid derived from tea leaves or made synthetically; used in medicine as a bronchial dilator
    thiabendazole
    an antifungal agent and anthelmintic
    Merthiolate, sodium ethylmercurithiosalicylate, thimerosal
    a light-colored crystalline powder (trade name Merthiolate) used as a surgical antiseptic
    clot buster, thrombolytic, thrombolytic agent
    a kind of pharmaceutical that can break up clots blocking the flow of blood to the heart muscle
    iodine, tincture of iodine
    a tincture consisting of a solution of iodine in ethyl alcohol; applied topically to wounds as an antiseptic
    Tonocard, tocainide
    antiarrhythmic drug (trade name Tonocard) used to treat ventricular arrhythmias when less dangerous drugs have failed
    bath powder, dusting powder, toilet powder
    a fine powder for spreading on the body (as after bathing)
    tricyclic, tricyclic antidepressant, tricyclic antidepressant drug
    an antidepressant drug that acts by blocking the reuptake of norepinephrine and serotonin and thus making more of those substances available to act on receptors in the brain
    Depokene, valproic acid
    anticonvulsant (trade name Depokene) used to prevent some kinds of seizures
    Calan, Isoptin, verapamil
    a drug (trade names Calan and Isoptin) used as an oral or parenteral calcium blocker in cases of hypertension or congestive heart failure or angina or migraine
    Coumadin, warfarin
    an anticoagulant (trade name Coumadin) use to prevent and treat a thrombus or embolus
    arnica
    used especially in treating bruises
    ephedrine
    white odorless powdered or crystalline alkaloid from plants of the genus Ephedra (especially Ephedra sinica) or made synthetically; used as a bronchodilator to treat bronchitis and asthma
    Pediapred, Prelone, prednisolone
    a glucocorticoid (trade names Pediapred or Prelone) used to treat inflammatory conditions
    Deltasone, Liquid Pred, Meticorten, Orasone, prednisone
    a dehydrogenated analogue of cortisol (trade names Orasone or Deltasone or Liquid Pred or Meticorten); used as an anti-inflammatory drug in the treatment of arthritis and as an immunosuppressant
    Decadron, Dexamethasone Intensol, Dexone, Hexadrol, Oradexon, dexamethasone
    a corticosteroid drug (trade names Decadron or Dexamethasone Intensol or Dexone or Hexadrol or Oradexon) used to treat allergies or inflammation
    Aldactone, spironolactone
    a synthetic corticosteroid (trade name Aldactone) used to treat hypertension
    crystal violet, gentian violet
    a green crystal (violet in water) used as a dye or stain or bactericide or fungicide or anthelmintic or burn treatment
    maleate
    a salt or ester of maleic acid; used as a nontricyclic antidepressant drug for psychomotor activation
    neuromuscular blocking agent
    a substance that interferes with the neural transmission between motor neurons and skeletal muscles
    Rochelle powder, Seidlitz powder, Seidlitz powders
    an effervescing salt containing sodium bicarbonate and Rochelle salt and tartaric acid; used as a cathartic
    type of:
    drug
    a substance that is used as a medicine or narcotic
  4. verb
    treat medicinally, treat with medicine
    synonyms: medicate
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    types:
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    dose, drug
    administer a drug to
    salve
    apply a salve to, usually for the purpose of healing
    anaesthetise, anaesthetize, anesthetise, anesthetize, put out, put under
    administer an anesthetic drug to
    dope, dope up
    give a narcotic to
    o.d., overdose
    dose too heavily
    narcotise, narcotize
    administer narcotics to
    poison
    administer poison to
    type of:
    care for, treat
    provide treatment for
  5. noun
    punishment for one's actions
    “take your medicine
    synonyms: music
    see moresee less
    type of:
    penalisation, penalization, penalty, punishment
    the act of punishing
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