music

Music is the pleasing sound created by voices or instruments following some tonal structure. If you sing, whistle, or play an instrument, you are making music. You can also write music using the specific language of notes.

In Greek mythology, the goddesses who inspired creativity were called the Muses, from the words mousikḕ téchnē ("the art of the muses”). This led to the Latin mūsica. The word is also used in various idioms, such as "face the music," which means to accept consequences, and "making beautiful music together," which suggests making love. If something is "like music to your ears," you are happy to hear it.

Definitions of music
  1. noun
    an artistic form of auditory communication incorporating instrumental or vocal tones in a structured and continuous manner
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    section, subdivision
    a self-contained part of a larger composition (written or musical)
    pizzicato
    a note or passage that is played pizzicato
    monody, monophonic music, monophony
    music consisting of a single vocal part (usually with accompaniment)
    concerted music, polyphonic music, polyphony
    music arranged in parts for several voices or instruments
    polytonalism, polytonality
    music that uses two or more different keys at the same time
    popularism
    music adapted to the understanding and taste of the majority
    harmony, musical harmony
    the structure of music with respect to the composition and progression of chords
    air, line, melodic line, melodic phrase, melody, strain, tune
    a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence
    part music
    vocal music for several voices in independent parts (usually performed without accompaniment)
    composition, musical composition, opus, piece, piece of music
    a musical work that has been created
    instrumental music
    music intended to be performed by a musical instrument or group of instruments
    prelude
    music that precedes a fugue or introduces an act in an opera
    overture
    orchestral music played at the beginning of an opera or oratorio
    antiphony
    alternate (responsive) singing by a choir in two parts
    chorus, refrain
    the part of a song where a soloist is joined by a group of singers
    ballet
    music written for a ballet
    dance music
    music to dance to
    serial music, serialism
    20th century music that uses a definite order of notes as a thematic basis for a musical composition
    syncopation
    music (especially dance music) that has a syncopated rhythm
    genre, music genre, musical genre, musical style
    an expressive style of music
    Bach
    the music of Bach
    Beethoven
    the music of Beethoven
    Brahms
    the music of Brahms
    Chopin
    the music of Chopin
    Gilbert and Sullivan
    the music of Gilbert and Sullivan
    Handel
    the music of Handel
    Haydn
    the music of Haydn
    Mozart
    the music of Mozart
    Stravinsky
    the music of Stravinsky
    Wagner
    the music of Wagner
    Ta'ziyeh
    (Islam) a form of Iranian musical pageant that is the theatrical expression of religious passion; based on the Battle of Kerbala and performed annually (in Farsi)
    vocal, vocal music
    music intended to be performed by one or more singers, usually with instrumental accompaniment
    morceau
    a short literary or musical composition
    lead, lead-in, lede
    the introductory section of a story
    canto
    a major division of a long poem
    above
    an earlier section of a written text
    sports section
    the section of a newspaper that reports on sports
    article, clause
    a separate section of a legal document (as a statute or contract or will)
    book
    a major division of a long written composition
    chapter
    a subdivision of a written work; usually numbered and titled
    episode
    a brief section of a literary or dramatic work that forms part of a connected series
    spot
    a section of an entertainment that is assigned to a specific performer or performance
    spot
    a short section or illustration (as between radio or tv programs or in a magazine) that is often used for advertising
    insert
    a folded section placed between the leaves of another publication
    introduction
    the first section of a communication
    narration
    (rhetoric) the second section of an oration in which the facts are set forth
    close, closing, conclusion, end, ending
    the last section of a communication
    passage
    a section of text; particularly a section of medium length
    mezuza, mezuzah
    religious texts from Deuteronomy inscribed on parchment and rolled up in a case that is attached to the doorframe of many Jewish households in accordance with Jewish law
    sura
    one of the sections (or chapters) in the Koran
    exposition
    (music) the section of a movement (especially in sonata form) where the major musical themes first occur
    obbligato, obligato
    a part of the score that must be performed without change or omission
    sheet music
    a musical composition in printed or written form
    fanfare, flourish, tucket
    (music) a short lively tune played on brass instruments
    glissando
    a rapid series of ascending or descending notes on the musical scale
    roulade
    (music) an elaborate run of several notes sung to one syllable
    counterpoint
    a musical form involving the simultaneous sound of two or more melodies
    African-American music, black music
    music created by African-American musicians; early forms were songs that had a melodic line and a strong rhythmic beat with repeated choruses
    classical, classical music, serious music
    traditional genre of music conforming to an established form and appealing to critical interest and developed musical taste
    harmonisation, harmonization
    a piece of harmonized music
    four-part harmony
    harmony in which each chord has four notes that create four melodic lines
    preparation
    (music) a note that produces a dissonant chord is first heard in a consonant chord
    resolution
    (music) a dissonant chord is followed by a consonant chord
    leitmotif, leitmotiv
    a melodic phrase that accompanies the reappearance of a person or situation (as in Wagner's operas)
    theme song
    a melody that recurs and comes to represent a musical play or movie
    signature, signature tune, theme song
    a melody used to identify a performer or a dance band or radio/tv program
    idea, melodic theme, musical theme, theme
    (music) melodic subject of a musical composition
    part, voice
    the melody carried by a particular voice or instrument in polyphonic music
    homophony
    part music with one dominant voice (in a homophonic style)
    church music, religious music
    genre of music composed for performance as part of religious ceremonies
    arrangement, musical arrangement
    a piece of music that has been adapted for performance by a particular set of voices or instruments
    realisation, realization
    a musical composition that has been completed or enriched by someone other than the composer
    recapitulation
    (music) the section of a composition or movement (especially in sonata form) in which musical themes that were introduced earlier are repeated
    intermezzo
    a short piece of instrumental music composed for performance between acts of a drama or opera
    allegro
    a musical composition or musical passage to be performed quickly in a brisk lively manner
    allegretto
    a musical composition or musical passage to be performed at a somewhat quicker tempo than andante but not as fast as allegro
    andante
    a musical composition or musical passage to be performed moderately slow
    introit
    a composition of vocal music that is appropriate for opening church services
    chorale prelude
    a composition for organ using a chorale as a basis for variations
    solo
    a musical composition for one voice or instrument (with or without accompaniment)
    duet, duette, duo
    a musical composition for two performers
    trio
    a musical composition for three performers
    quartet, quartette
    a musical composition for four performers
    quintet, quintette
    a musical composition for five performers
    sestet, sextet, sextette
    a musical composition written for six performers
    septet, septette
    a musical composition written for seven performers
    octet, octette
    a musical composition written for eight performers
    bagatelle
    a light piece of music for piano
    divertimento, serenade
    a musical composition in several movements; has no fixed form
    canon
    a contrapuntal piece of music in which a melody in one part is imitated exactly in other parts
    etude
    a short composition for a solo instrument; intended as an exercise or to demonstrate technical virtuosity
    idyl, idyll, pastoral, pastorale
    a musical composition that evokes rural life
    toccata
    a baroque musical composition (usually for a keyboard instrument) with full chords and rapid elaborate runs in a rhythmically free style
    fantasia
    a musical composition of a free form usually incorporating several familiar themes
    musical passage, passage
    a short section of a musical composition
    movement
    a major self-contained part of a symphony or sonata
    largo
    (music) a composition or passage that is to be performed in a slow and dignified manner
    larghetto
    (music) a composition or passage played in a slow tempo slightly faster than largo but slower than adagio
    suite
    a musical composition of several movements only loosely connected
    symphonic poem, tone poem
    an orchestral composition based on literature or folk tales
    medley, pastiche, potpourri
    a musical composition consisting of a series of songs or other musical pieces from various sources
    nocturne, notturno
    a pensive lyrical piece of music (especially for the piano)
    adagio
    (music) a composition played in adagio tempo (slowly and gracefully)
    song, vocal
    a short musical composition with words
    study
    a composition intended to develop one aspect of the performer's technique
    tra-la, tra-la-la
    a set of nonsensical syllables used while humming a refrain
    beguine
    music written in the bolero rhythm of the beguine dance
    bolero
    music written in the rhythm of the bolero dance
    carioca
    music composed for dancing the carioca
    conga
    music composed for dancing the conga
    flamenco
    guitar music composed for dancing the flamenco
    gavotte
    music composed in quadruple time for dancing the gavotte
    habanera
    music composed in duple time for dancing the habanera
    hornpipe
    music for dancing the hornpipe
    gigue, jig
    music in three-four time for dancing a jig
    landler
    music in triple time for dancing the landler
    mazurka
    music composed for dancing the mazurka
    minuet
    a stately piece of music composed for dancing the minuet; often incorporated into a sonata or suite
    paso doble
    music in march time composed for dancing the paso doble; often played at bull fights
    pavan, pavane
    music composed for dancing the pavane
    polka
    music performed for dancing the polka
    quadrille
    music for dancing the quadrille
    reel
    music composed for dancing a reel
    rhumba, rumba
    syncopated music in duple time for dancing the rumba
    samba
    music composed for dancing the samba
    saraband
    music composed for dancing the saraband
    12-tone music, 12-tone system, twelve-tone music, twelve-tone system
    a type of serial music introduced by Arnold Schoenberg; uses a tone row formed by the twelve semitones of the chromatic scale (and inverted or backward versions of the row)
    tango
    music written in duple time for dancing the tango
    tarantella
    music composed in six-eight time for dancing the tarantella
    techno
    a style of fast heavy electronic dance music usually without vocals
    waltz
    music composed in triple time for waltzing
    march, marching music
    genre of music written for marching
    popular music, popular music genre
    any genre of music having wide appeal (but usually only for a short time)
    rag, ragtime
    music with a syncopated melody (usually for the piano)
    jazz
    a style of dance music popular in the 1920s; similar to New Orleans jazz but played by large bands
    kwela
    a kind of danceable music popular among black South Africans; includes a whistle among its instruments
    development
    (music) the section of a composition or movement (especially in sonata form) where the major musical themes are developed and elaborated
    capriccio
    an instrumental composition that doesn't adhere to rules for any specific musical form and is played with improvisation
    motet
    an unaccompanied choral composition with sacred lyrics; intended to be sung as part of a church service; originated in the 13th century
    program music, programme music
    musical compositions intended to evoke images or remind the listener of events
    incidental music
    music composed to accompany the action of a drama or to fill intervals between scenes
    rhapsody
    an improvisational and emotional musical composition with an irregular form
    verse
    a group of lines that form one section of a song or poem
    verse
    one of short subdivisions of a chapter in the Bible
    type of:
    auditory communication
    communication that relies on hearing
  2. noun
    (music) the sounds produced by singers or musical instruments (or reproductions of such sounds)
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    types:
    piano music
    the sound of music produced by a piano
    type of:
    auditory sensation, sound
    the subjective sensation of hearing something
  3. noun
    musical activity (singing or whistling etc.)
    “his music was his central interest”
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    bell ringing, carillon, carillon playing
    playing a set of bells that are (usually) hung in a tower
    instrumental music
    music produced by playing a musical instrument
    intonation
    the production of musical tones (by voice or instrument); especially the exactitude of the pitch relations
    percussion
    the act of playing a percussion instrument
    vocal music
    music that is vocalized (as contrasted with instrumental music)
    whistling
    the act of whistling a tune
    change ringing
    ringing tuned bells in a fixed order that is continually changing
    drumming
    the act of playing drums
    singing, vocalizing
    the act of singing vocal music
    song, strain
    the act of singing
    fixed intonation
    the intonation of keyboard instruments where the pitch of each note is fixed and cannot be varied by the performer
    type of:
    activity
    any specific behavior
  4. noun
    any agreeable (pleasing and harmonious) sounds
    “he fell asleep to the music of the wind chimes”
    synonyms: euphony
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    music of the spheres
    an inaudible music that Pythagoras thought was produced by the celestial
    type of:
    auditory sensation, sound
    the subjective sensation of hearing something
  5. noun
    punishment for one's actions
    “you have to face the music
    synonyms: medicine
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