preparation

Preparation is the act of preparing — getting ready, planning, training, or studying with a goal in mind.

If you know pre means before, then you have a clue to the meaning of preparation. Dressing up before a date, learning your lines for a play, and attending medical school are all forms of preparation. Boot camp is preparation for soldiers. Rehearsal is preparation for actors. In cooking a huge meal, you have to do a lot of preparation before actually beginning to cook. If you fail a test, you clearly need to do more preparation next time.

Primary Meanings of preparation

1.
n
the activity of putting or setting in order in advance of some act or purpose
2.
n
a substance prepared according to a formula
3.
n
(music) a note that produces a dissonant chord is first heard in a consonant chord
Full Definitions of preparation
1

n the activity of putting or setting in order in advance of some act or purpose

preparations for the ceremony had begun”
Synonyms:
readying
Types:
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fire control
preparation for the delivery of shellfire on a target
deployment
the distribution of forces in preparation for battle or work
groundwork
preliminary preparation as a basis or foundation
makeready
final preparation and adjustments
priming
the act of making something ready
planning
an act of formulating a program for a definite course of action
turnaround, turnround
act or process of unloading and loading and servicing a vessel or aircraft for a return trip
prolusion, tune-up, warm-up
exercising in preparation for strenuous activity
birth control, birth prevention, family planning
limiting the number of children born
redeployment, redisposition
the withdrawal and redistribution of forces in an attempt to use them more effectively
programing, programming, scheduling
setting an order and time for planned events
Type of:
activity
any specific behavior

n the cognitive process of thinking about what you will do in the event of something happening

Synonyms:
planning, provision
Types:
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agreement, arrangement
the thing arranged or agreed to
applecart
the planning that is disrupted when someone `upsets the applecart'
malice aforethought, mens rea
(law) criminal intent; the thoughts and intentions behind a wrongful act (including knowledge that the act is illegal); often at issue in murder trials
calculation, deliberation
planning something carefully and intentionally
forethought, premeditation
planning or plotting in advance of acting
collusion
secret agreement
prearrangement
something arranged in advance
premeditation
(law) thought and intention to commit a crime well in advance of the crime; goes to show criminal intent
Type of:
cerebration, intellection, mentation, thinking, thought, thought process
the process of using your mind to consider something carefully

n the state of having been made ready or prepared for use or action (especially military action)

“their preparation was more than adequate”
Synonyms:
preparedness, readiness
Types:
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ready
poised for action
alert, qui vive
condition of heightened watchfulness or preparation for action
air alert
the condition in which combat aircraft are airborne and ready for an operation
red alert
the highest level of alert when an attack by the enemy seems imminent (or more generally a state of alert resulting from imminent danger)
strip alert
a state of readiness for domestic defense aircraft
Type of:
state
the way something is with respect to its main attributes

n activity leading to skilled behavior

Synonyms:
grooming, training
Types:
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athletic training
the course of practice and exercise and diet undertaken by an athlete
discipline
training to improve strength or self-control
drill
(military) the training of soldiers to march (as in ceremonial parades) or to perform the manual of arms
drill, exercise, practice, practice session, recitation
systematic training by multiple repetitions
military training
training soldiers in military procedures
retraining
training for a new occupation
schooling
the training of an animal (especially the training of a horse for dressage)
skull practice, skull session
teaching strategy to an athletic team
toilet training
training a young child to use the toilet
fartlek
a method of athletic training (especially for runners) in which strenuous effort and normal effort alternate in a continuous exercise
fire drill
an exercise intended to train people in duties and escape procedures to be followed in case of fire
manual, manual of arms
(military) a prescribed drill in handling a rifle
basic training
the initial period of training for new military personnel; involves intense physical activity and behavioral discipline
military drill
training in marching and the use of weapons
rehearsal
(psychology) a form of practice; repetition of information (silently or aloud) in order to keep it in short-term memory
dry run, rehearsal
a practice session in preparation for a public performance (as of a play or speech or concert)
brushup, review
practice intended to polish performance or refresh the memory
scrimmage
(American football) practice play between a football team's squads
shadowboxing
sparring with an imaginary opponent (for exercise or training)
target practice
practice in shooting at targets
Type of:
activity
any specific behavior

n preparatory school work done outside school (especially at home)

Synonyms:
homework, prep
Type of:
school assignment, schoolwork
a school task performed by a student to satisfy the teacher
2

n a substance prepared according to a formula

“the physician prescribed a commercial preparation of the medicine”
Synonyms:
formulation
Types:
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cleaner, cleanser, cleansing agent
a preparation used in cleaning something
glycerinated gelatin
a gelatinous preparation made from gelatin and glycerin and water; used as a base for ointments and suppositories
nebula
a medicinal liquid preparation intended for use in an atomizer
polish
a preparation used in polishing
starch
a commercial preparation of starch that is used to stiffen textile fabrics in laundering
smelling salts
a pungent preparation of ammonium carbonate and perfume; sniffed as a stimulant to relieve faintness
bathroom cleaner
a preparation for cleaning bathrooms
dentifrice
a substance for cleaning the teeth; applied with a toothbrush
detergent
a cleansing agent that differs from soap but can also emulsify oils and hold dirt in suspension
shampoo
cleansing agent consisting of soaps or detergents used for washing the hair
soap
a cleansing agent made from the salts of vegetable or animal fats
blacking, shoe polish
a substance used to produce a shiny protective surface on footwear
Simoniz
a brand of car polish
Type of:
chemical compound, compound
(chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight

n the act of preparing something (as food) by the application of heat

“he left the preparation of meals to his wife”
Synonyms:
cookery, cooking
Types:
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baking
cooking by dry heat in an oven
browning, toasting
cooking to a brown crispiness over a fire or on a grill
broil, broiling, grilling
cooking by direct exposure to radiant heat (as over a fire or under a grill)
frying, sauteing
cooking in fat or oil in a pan or griddle
fusion cooking
cooking that combines ingredients and techniques and seasonings from different cuisines
braising
cooking slowly in fat in a closed pot with little moisture
poaching
cooking in simmering liquid
roasting
cooking (meat) by dry heat in an oven (usually with fat added)
boiling, simmering, stewing
cooking in a liquid that has been brought to a boil
percolation
the act of making coffee in a percolator
cuisine, culinary art
the practice or manner of preparing food or the food so prepared
shirring
baking shelled eggs
barbecuing
roasting a large piece of meat on a revolving spit out of doors over an open fire
dim sum
traditional Chinese cuisine; a variety of foods (including several kinds of steamed or fried dumplings) are served successively in small portions
haute cuisine
(French) an elaborate and skillful manner of preparing food
nouvelle cuisine
a school of French cooking that uses light sauces and tries to bring out the natural flavors of foods instead of making heavy use of butter and cream
rechauffe
warmed leftovers
gastronomy
a particular style of cookery (as of a region)
Type of:
change of state
the act of changing something into something different in essential characteristics
3

n (music) a note that produces a dissonant chord is first heard in a consonant chord

“the resolution of one dissonance is often the preparation for another dissonance”
Antonyms:
resolution
(music) a dissonant chord is followed by a consonant chord
Type of:
harmony, musical harmony
the structure of music with respect to the composition and progression of chords

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