preparation

Preparation is the act of preparing — getting ready, planning, training, or studying with a goal in mind.

If you know pre means before, then you have a clue to the meaning of preparation. Dressing up before a date, learning your lines for a play, and attending medical school are all forms of preparation. Boot camp is preparation for soldiers. Rehearsal is preparation for actors. In cooking a huge meal, you have to do a lot of preparation before actually beginning to cook. If you fail a test, you clearly need to do more preparation next time.

Definitions of preparation
  1. noun
    the activity of putting or setting in order in advance of some act or purpose
    preparations for the ceremony had begun”
    synonyms: readying
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    fire control
    preparation for the delivery of shellfire on a target
    deployment
    the distribution of forces in preparation for battle or work
    groundwork
    preliminary preparation as a basis or foundation
    makeready
    final preparation and adjustments
    priming
    the act of making something ready
    planning
    an act of formulating a program for a definite course of action
    turnaround, turnround
    act or process of unloading and loading and servicing a vessel or aircraft for a return trip
    prolusion, tune-up, warm-up
    exercising in preparation for strenuous activity
    birth control, birth prevention, family planning
    limiting the number of children born
    redeployment, redisposition
    the withdrawal and redistribution of forces in an attempt to use them more effectively
    programing, programming, scheduling
    setting an order and time for planned events
    type of:
    activity
    any specific behavior
  2. noun
    the cognitive process of thinking about what you will do in the event of something happening
    synonyms: planning, provision
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    agreement, arrangement
    the thing arranged or agreed to
    applecart
    the planning that is disrupted when someone `upsets the applecart'
    malice aforethought, mens rea
    (law) criminal intent; the thoughts and intentions behind a wrongful act (including knowledge that the act is illegal); often at issue in murder trials
    calculation, deliberation
    planning something carefully and intentionally
    forethought, premeditation
    planning or plotting in advance of acting
    collusion
    secret agreement
    prearrangement
    something arranged in advance
    premeditation
    (law) thought and intention to commit a crime well in advance of the crime; goes to show criminal intent
    type of:
    cerebration, intellection, mentation, thinking, thought, thought process
    the process of using your mind to consider something carefully
  3. noun
    the state of having been made ready or prepared for use or action (especially military action)
    “their preparation was more than adequate”
    synonyms: preparedness, readiness
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    ready
    poised for action
    alert, qui vive
    condition of heightened watchfulness or preparation for action
    air alert
    the condition in which combat aircraft are airborne and ready for an operation
    red alert
    the highest level of alert when an attack by the enemy seems imminent (or more generally a state of alert resulting from imminent danger)
    strip alert
    a state of readiness for domestic defense aircraft
    type of:
    state
    the way something is with respect to its main attributes
  4. noun
    activity leading to skilled behavior
    synonyms: grooming, training
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    athletic training
    the course of practice and exercise and diet undertaken by an athlete
    discipline
    training to improve strength or self-control
    drill
    (military) the training of soldiers to march (as in ceremonial parades) or to perform the manual of arms
    drill, exercise, practice, practice session, recitation
    systematic training by multiple repetitions
    military training
    training soldiers in military procedures
    retraining
    training for a new occupation
    schooling
    the training of an animal (especially the training of a horse for dressage)
    skull practice, skull session
    teaching strategy to an athletic team
    toilet training
    training a young child to use the toilet
    fartlek
    a method of athletic training (especially for runners) in which strenuous effort and normal effort alternate in a continuous exercise
    fire drill
    an exercise intended to train people in duties and escape procedures to be followed in case of fire
    manual, manual of arms
    (military) a prescribed drill in handling a rifle
    basic training
    the initial period of training for new military personnel; involves intense physical activity and behavioral discipline
    military drill
    training in marching and the use of weapons
    rehearsal
    (psychology) a form of practice; repetition of information (silently or aloud) in order to keep it in short-term memory
    dry run, rehearsal
    a practice session in preparation for a public performance (as of a play or speech or concert)
    brushup, review
    practice intended to polish performance or refresh the memory
    scrimmage
    (American football) practice play between a football team's squads
    shadowboxing
    sparring with an imaginary opponent (for exercise or training)
    target practice
    practice in shooting at targets
    type of:
    activity
    any specific behavior
  5. noun
    preparatory school work done outside school (especially at home)
    synonyms: homework, prep
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    type of:
    school assignment, schoolwork
    a school task performed by a student to satisfy the teacher
  6. noun
    a substance prepared according to a formula
    “the physician prescribed a commercial preparation of the medicine”
    synonyms: formulation
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    cleaner, cleanser, cleansing agent
    a preparation used in cleaning something
    glycerinated gelatin
    a gelatinous preparation made from gelatin and glycerin and water; used as a base for ointments and suppositories
    nebula
    a medicinal liquid preparation intended for use in an atomizer
    polish
    a preparation used in polishing
    starch
    a commercial preparation of starch that is used to stiffen textile fabrics in laundering
    smelling salts
    a pungent preparation of ammonium carbonate and perfume; sniffed as a stimulant to relieve faintness
    bathroom cleaner
    a preparation for cleaning bathrooms
    dentifrice
    a substance for cleaning the teeth; applied with a toothbrush
    detergent
    a cleansing agent that differs from soap but can also emulsify oils and hold dirt in suspension
    shampoo
    cleansing agent consisting of soaps or detergents used for washing the hair
    soap
    a cleansing agent made from the salts of vegetable or animal fats
    blacking, shoe polish
    a substance used to produce a shiny protective surface on footwear
    Simoniz
    a brand of car polish
    type of:
    chemical compound, compound
    (chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight
  7. noun
    the act of preparing something (as food) by the application of heat
    “he left the preparation of meals to his wife”
    synonyms: cookery, cooking
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    baking
    cooking by dry heat in an oven
    browning, toasting
    cooking to a brown crispiness over a fire or on a grill
    broil, broiling, grilling
    cooking by direct exposure to radiant heat (as over a fire or under a grill)
    frying, sauteing
    cooking in fat or oil in a pan or griddle
    fusion cooking
    cooking that combines ingredients and techniques and seasonings from different cuisines
    braising
    cooking slowly in fat in a closed pot with little moisture
    poaching
    cooking in simmering liquid
    roasting
    cooking (meat) by dry heat in an oven (usually with fat added)
    boiling, simmering, stewing
    cooking in a liquid that has been brought to a boil
    percolation
    the act of making coffee in a percolator
    cuisine, culinary art
    the practice or manner of preparing food or the food so prepared
    shirring
    baking shelled eggs
    barbecuing
    roasting a large piece of meat on a revolving spit out of doors over an open fire
    dim sum
    traditional Chinese cuisine; a variety of foods (including several kinds of steamed or fried dumplings) are served successively in small portions
    haute cuisine
    (French) an elaborate and skillful manner of preparing food
    nouvelle cuisine
    a school of French cooking that uses light sauces and tries to bring out the natural flavors of foods instead of making heavy use of butter and cream
    rechauffe
    warmed leftovers
    gastronomy
    a particular style of cookery (as of a region)
    type of:
    change of state
    the act of changing something into something different in essential characteristics
  8. noun
    (music) a note that produces a dissonant chord is first heard in a consonant chord
    “the resolution of one dissonance is often the preparation for another dissonance”
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    Antonyms:
    resolution
    (music) a dissonant chord is followed by a consonant chord
    type of:
    harmony, musical harmony
    the structure of music with respect to the composition and progression of chords
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