The noun resolution has a few related meanings having to do with being firmly determined about something. If you lack determination, you'll never fulfill your New Year's resolutions.

Resolution is the noun form of the verb resolve, derived from the Latin resolvere, "to loosen, undo, settle." We can still see this meaning of resolution in the sense of "an explanation" or "a solution" — when a problem, conflict, or mystery reaches its resolution, it has been "undone," so to speak. If you approach a task with resolution, you do it with determination. And if you make a resolution, you make a firm decision to do something or meet some goal.

Definitions of resolution
  1. noun
    a decision to do something or to behave in a certain manner
    “he always wrote down his New Year's resolutions
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    type of:
    conclusion, decision, determination
    the act of making up your mind about something
  2. noun
    a statement that solves a problem or explains how to solve the problem
    synonyms: answer, result, solution, solvent
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    the final resolution of the main complication of a literary or dramatic work
    type of:
    a message that is stated or declared; a communication (oral or written) setting forth particulars or facts etc
  3. noun
    something settled or resolved; the outcome of decision making
    “they never did achieve a final resolution of their differences”
    synonyms: closure, settlement
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    type of:
    deciding, decision making
    the cognitive process of reaching a decision
  4. noun
    a formal expression by a meeting; agreed to by a vote
    synonyms: declaration, resolve
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    Declaration of Independence
    the document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the Colonies from Great Britain
    joint resolution
    a resolution passed by both houses of Congress which becomes legally binding when signed by the Chief Executive (or passed over the Chief Executive's veto)
    type of:
    document, papers, written document
    writing that provides information (especially information of an official nature)
  5. noun
    the final resolution of the main complication of a literary or dramatic work
    synonyms: denouement
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    type of:
    answer, result, solution, solvent
    a statement that solves a problem or explains how to solve the problem
  6. noun
    the trait of being resolute
    “it was his unshakeable resolution to finish the work”
    synonyms: firmness, firmness of purpose, resoluteness, resolve
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    irresoluteness, irresolution
    the trait of being irresolute; lacking firmness of purpose
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    possession, self-command, self-control, self-possession, self-will, will power, willpower
    the trait of resolutely controlling your own behavior
    freedom from wavering or indecision; constancy of resolve or conduct
    resoluteness evidenced by strength of character
    firm resoluteness in purpose or opinion or action
    bullheadedness, obstinacy, obstinance, pigheadedness, self-will, stubbornness
    resolute adherence to your own ideas or desires
    characterized by one unified purpose
    adamance, obduracy, unyieldingness
    resoluteness by virtue of being unyielding and inflexible
    decision, decisiveness
    the trait of resoluteness as evidenced by firmness of character or purpose
    determination, purpose
    the quality of being determined to do or achieve something; firmness of purpose
    steadfast resolution
    control of your emotions
    presence of mind
    self-control in a crisis; ability to say or do the right thing in an emergency
    impenitence, impenitency
    the trait of refusing to repent
    intransigence, intransigency
    the trait of being intransigent; stubbornly refusing to compromise
    doggedness, perseverance, persistence, persistency, pertinacity, tenaciousness, tenacity
    persistent determination
    indefatigability, indefatigableness, tirelessness
    tireless determination
    diligence, industriousness, industry
    persevering determination to perform a task
    type of:
    a distinguishing feature of your personal nature
  7. noun
    finding a solution to a problem
    synonyms: solving
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    type of:
    determination, finding
    the act of determining the properties of something, usually by research or calculation
  8. noun
    the ability of a microscope or telescope to measure the angular separation of images that are close together
    synonyms: resolving power
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    type of:
    physical phenomenon
    a natural phenomenon involving the physical properties of matter and energy
  9. noun
    (computer science) the number of pixels per square inch on a computer-generated display; the greater the resolution, the better the picture
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    type of:
    physical phenomenon
    a natural phenomenon involving the physical properties of matter and energy
  10. noun
    analysis into clear-cut components
    synonyms: resolving
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    factoring, factorisation, factorization
    (mathematics) the resolution of an entity into factors such that when multiplied together they give the original entity
    diagonalisation, diagonalization
    changing a square matrix to diagonal form (with all non-zero elements on the principal diagonal)
    type of:
    breakdown, partitioning
    an analysis into mutually exclusive categories
  11. noun
    (music) a dissonant chord is followed by a consonant chord
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    (music) a note that produces a dissonant chord is first heard in a consonant chord
    type of:
    harmony, musical harmony
    the structure of music with respect to the composition and progression of chords
  12. noun
    the subsidence of swelling or other signs of inflammation (especially in a lung)
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    type of:
    remission, remittal, subsidence
    an abatement in intensity or degree (as in the manifestations of a disease)
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