statement

A statement is a sentence that says something is true, like "Pizza is delicious." There are other kinds of statements in the worlds of the law, banking, and government.

All statements claim something or make a point. If you witness an accident, you make a statement to police, describing what you saw. You get a statement from your bank, a monthly record of what you spent and what you have left. Sometimes a statement isn't so official — it's just some kind of point being made. People say someone's car makes a statement — or their clothes do. Running away on your wedding day would make a huge statement.

Definitions of statement
1

n the act of affirming or asserting or stating something

Synonyms:
affirmation, assertion
Types:
say-so
one chap's arbitrary assertion
Type of:
speech act
the use of language to perform some act

n a message that is stated or declared; a communication (oral or written) setting forth particulars or facts etc

“according to his statement he was in London on that day”
Examples:
show 19 examples...
hide 19 examples...
Articles of Confederation
a written agreement ratified in 1781 by the thirteen original states; it provided a legal symbol of their union by giving the central government no coercive power over the states or their citizens
Communist Manifesto
a socialist manifesto written by Marx and Engels (1842) describing the history of the working-class movement according to their views
First Amendment
an amendment to the Constitution of the United States guaranteeing the right of free expression; includes freedom of assembly and freedom of the press and freedom of religion and freedom of speech
Fifth Amendment
an amendment to the Constitution of the United States that imposes restrictions on the government's prosecution of persons accused of crimes; mandates due process of law and prohibits self-incrimination and double jeopardy; requires just compensation if private property is taken for public use
Fourteenth Amendment
an amendment to the Constitution of the United States adopted in 1868; extends the guarantees of the Bill of Rights to the states as well as to the federal government
Eighteenth Amendment
an amendment to the Constitution of the United States adopted in 1920; prohibited the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages; repealed in 1932
Nineteenth Amendment
an amendment to the Constitution of the United States adopted in 1920; guarantees that no state can deny the right to vote on the basis of sex
Annunciation
(Christianity) the announcement to the Virgin Mary by the angel Gabriel of the incarnation of Christ
Parkinson's law
C. Northcote Parkinson's cynical observation that the number of subordinates in an organization will increase linearly regardless of the amount of work to be done
Parkinson's law
C. Northcote Parkinson's cynical observation that work will expand so as to fill the time available for its completion
Lateran Treaty
the agreement signed in the Lateran Palace in 1929 by Italy and the Holy See which recognized the Vatican City as a sovereign and independent papal state
North Atlantic Treaty
the treaty signed in 1949 by 12 countries that established NATO
SALT I
the first treaty between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics resulting from the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
SALT II
the second treaty between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics resulting from the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
Peace of Westphalia
the peace treaty that ended the Thirty Years' War in 1648
Chemical Weapons Convention
a global treaty banning the production or acquisition or stockpiling or transfer or use of chemical weapons
Geneva Convention
an agreement first drawn up in Geneva in 1864 and later revised concerning the treatment of captured and wounded military personnel and civilians in wartime
Treaty of Versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
Missouri Compromise
an agreement in 1820 between pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions in the United States concerning the extension of slavery into new territories
Types:
show 170 types...
hide 170 types...
sum-up, summary
a brief statement that presents the main points in a concise form
pleading
(law) a statement in legal and logical form stating something on behalf of a party to a legal proceeding
amendment
a statement that is added to or revises or improves a proposal or document (a bill or constitution etc.)
thing
a statement regarded as an object
true statement, truth
a true statement
description, verbal description
a statement that represents something in words
declaration
a statement that is emphatic and explicit (spoken or written)
announcement, annunciation, declaration, proclamation
a formal public statement
Bill of Rights
a statement of fundamental rights and privileges (especially the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution)
formula
a conventionalized statement expressing some fundamental principle
mathematical statement
a statement of a mathematical relation
bid, bidding
(bridge) the number of tricks a bridge player is willing to contract to make
word
a brief statement
account, explanation
a statement that makes something comprehensible by describing the relevant structure or operation or circumstances etc.
explanandum, explicandum
(logic) a statement of something (a fact or thing or expression) to be explained
explanans
(logic) statements that explain the explicandum; the explanatory premises
value statement
a statement of the desirability of something
representation
a statement of facts and reasons made in appealing or protesting
answer, resolution, result, solution, solvent
a statement that solves a problem or explains how to solve the problem
answer, reply, response
a statement (either spoken or written) that is made to reply to a question or request or criticism or accusation
announcement, promulgation
a public statement containing information about an event that has happened or is going to happen
forecasting, foretelling, prediction, prognostication
a statement made about the future
proposition
(logic) a statement that affirms or denies something and is either true or false
quotation
a statement of the current market price of a security or commodity
falsehood, falsity, untruth
a false statement
understatement
a statement that is restrained in ironic contrast to what might have been said
qualification, reservation
a statement that limits or restricts some claim
cautious statement
a statement made with careful qualifications
comment, commentary
a written explanation or criticism or illustration that is added to a book or other textual material
comment, input, remark
a statement that expresses a personal opinion or belief or adds information
rhetorical question
a statement that is formulated as a question but that is not supposed to be answered
misstatement
a statement that contains a mistake
restatement
a revised statement
agreement, understanding
the statement (oral or written) of an exchange of promises
condition, term
(usually plural) a statement of what is required as part of an agreement
estimate
a statement indicating the likely cost of some job
chemical formula, formula
a representation of a substance using symbols for its constituent elements
representation
a factual statement made by one party in order to induce another party to enter into a contract
declaration
a statement of taxable goods or of dutiable properties
assurance
a statement intended to inspire confidence
recital
a detailed statement giving facts and figures
negation
a negative statement; a statement that is a refusal or denial of some other statement
argument, literary argument
a summary of the subject or plot of a literary work or play or movie
capitulation
a summary that enumerates the main parts of a topic
compendium
a concise but comprehensive summary of a larger work
abridgement, abridgment, capsule, condensation
a shortened version of a written work
conspectus
an overall summary
CV, curriculum vitae, resume
a summary of your academic and work history
line score
a summary of the scoring in a game (usually in tabular form)
abstract, outline, precis, synopsis
a sketchy summary of the main points of an argument or theory
overview
a general summary of a subject
roundup
a summary list; as in e.g. "a news roundup"
resume, sketch, survey
short descriptive summary (of events)
rundown, summation, summing up
a concluding summary (as in presenting a case before a law court)
confederacy, conspiracy
a secret agreement between two or more people to perform an unlawful act
fair-trade agreement
an agreement (illegal in the United States) between the manufacturer of a trademarked item of merchandise and its retail distributors to sell the item at a price at or above the price set by the manufacturer
covenant
(Bible) an agreement between God and his people in which God makes certain promises and requires certain behavior from them in return
unilateral contract
a one-sided agreement whereby you promise to do (or refrain from doing) something in return for a performance (not a promise)
sale, sales agreement
an agreement (or contract) in which property is transferred from the seller (vendor) to the buyer (vendee) for a fixed price in money (paid or agreed to be paid by the buyer)
affirmative pleading
any defensive pleading that affirms facts rather than merely denying the facts alleged by the plaintiff
alternative pleading, pleading in the alternative
a pleading that alleges facts so separate that it is difficult to determine which facts the person intends to rely on
answer
the principal pleading by the defendant in response to plaintiff's complaint; in criminal law it consists of the defendant's plea of `guilty' or `not guilty' (or nolo contendere); in civil law it must contain denials of all allegations in the plaintiff's complaint that the defendant hopes to controvert and it can contain affirmative defenses or counterclaims
charge, complaint
(criminal law) a pleading describing some wrong or offense
complaint
(civil law) the first pleading of the plaintiff setting out the facts on which the claim for relief is based
defective pleading
any pleading that fails to conform in form or substance to minimum standards of accuracy or sufficiency
demurrer
(law) any pleading that attacks the legal sufficiency of the opponent's pleadings
rebuttal, rebutter
(law) a pleading by the defendant in reply to a plaintiff's surrejoinder
replication
(law) a pleading made by a plaintiff in reply to the defendant's plea or answer
rejoinder
(law) a pleading made by a defendant in response to the plaintiff's replication
special pleading
(law) a pleading that alleges new facts in avoidance of the opposing allegations
surrebuttal, surrebutter
(law) a pleading by the plaintiff in reply to the defendant's rebutter
surrejoinder
(law) a pleading by the plaintiff in reply to the defendant's rejoinder
equation
a mathematical statement that two expressions are equal
ad-lib
remark made spontaneously without prior preparation
courtesy
a courteous or respectful or considerate remark
gospel, gospel truth
an unquestionable truth
job description
description of the responsibilities associated with a given job
spec, specification
a detailed description of design criteria for a piece of work
bastardization
declaring or rendering bastard
edict
a formal or authoritative proclamation
promulgation
the official announcement of a new law or ordinance whereby the law or ordinance is put into effect
confession
a public declaration of your faith
manifesto, pronunciamento
a public declaration of intentions (as issued by a political party or government)
dictum, pronouncement, say-so
an authoritative declaration
assertion, asseveration, averment
a declaration that is made emphatically (as if no supporting evidence were necessary)
expression, formula
a group of symbols that make a mathematical statement
protestation
a strong declaration of protest
postulation, predication
(logic) a declaration of something self-evident; something that can be assumed as the basis for argument
threat
declaration of an intention or a determination to inflict harm on another
contract, declaration
(contract bridge) the highest bid becomes the contract setting the number of tricks that the bidder must make
takeout
(bridge) a bid that asks your partner to bid another suit
overbid, overcall
(bridge) a bid that is higher than your opponent's bid (especially when your partner has not bid at all and your bid exceeds the value of your hand)
pre-empt, preempt, preemptive bid
a high bid that is intended to prevent the opposing players from bidding
simplification
an explanation that omits superfluous details and reduces complexity
accounting
a convincing explanation that reveals basic causes
reason
an explanation of the cause of some phenomenon
justification
a statement in explanation of some action or belief
exposition
an account that sets forth the meaning or intent of a writing or discourse
explication
a detailed explanation of the meaning of something
denouement
the final resolution of the main complication of a literary or dramatic work
gloss, rubric
an explanation or definition of an obscure word in a text
derivation, deriving, etymologizing
(historical linguistics) an explanation of the historical origins of a word or phrase
definition
a concise explanation of the meaning of a word or phrase or symbol
rescript
a reply by a Pope to an inquiry concerning a point of law or morality
feedback
response to an inquiry or experiment
advisory
an announcement that usually advises or warns the public of some threat
banns
a public announcement of a proposed marriage
handout, press release, release
an announcement distributed to members of the press in order to supplement or replace an oral presentation
notice
an announcement containing information about an event
program, programme
an announcement of the events that will occur as part of a theatrical or sporting event
extropy
the prediction that human intelligence and technology will enable life to expand in an orderly way throughout the entire universe
fortunetelling
the practice of predicting people's futures (usually for payment)
horoscope
a prediction of someone's future based on the relative positions of the planets
meteorology, weather forecasting
predicting what the weather will be
forecast, prognosis
a prediction about how something (as the weather) will develop
divination, prophecy
a prediction uttered under divine inspiration
particular, particular proposition
(logic) a proposition that asserts something about some (but not all) members of a class
universal, universal proposition
(logic) a proposition that asserts something of all members of a class
negation
(logic) a proposition that is true if and only if another proposition is false
converse
a proposition obtained by conversion
lemma
a subsidiary proposition that is assumed to be true in order to prove another proposition
theorem
a proposition deducible from basic postulates
conclusion, ratiocination
the proposition arrived at by logical reasoning (such as the proposition that must follow from the major and minor premises of a syllogism)
posit, postulate
(logic) a proposition that is accepted as true in order to provide a basis for logical reasoning
axiom
(logic) a proposition that is not susceptible of proof or disproof; its truth is assumed to be self-evident
dodge, dodging, scheme
a statement that evades the question by cleverness or trickery
lie, prevarication
a statement that deviates from or perverts the truth
fable, fabrication, fiction
a deliberately false or improbable account
deceit, deception, misrepresentation
a misleading falsehood
fine print, small print
the part of a contract that contains reservations and qualifications that are often printed in small type
weasel word
an equivocal qualification; a word used to avoid making an outright assertion
Midrash
(Judaism) an ancient commentary on part of the Hebrew scriptures that is based on Jewish methods of interpretation and attached to the biblical text
annotation, notation, note
a comment or instruction (usually added)
gambit, ploy
an opening remark intended to secure an advantage for the speaker
obiter dictum, passing comment
an incidental remark
mention, reference
a remark that calls attention to something or someone
observation, reflection, reflexion
a remark expressing careful consideration
rib
a teasing remark
crack, quip, sally, wisecrack
witty remark
barb, dig, gibe, jibe, shaft, shot, slam
an aggressive remark directed at a person like a missile and intended to have a telling effect
conversation stopper, stopper
a remark to which there is no polite conversational reply
demythologisation, demythologization
the restatement of a message (as a religious one) in rational terms
mythologisation, mythologization
the restatement of a message as a myth
error, mistake
part of a statement that is not correct
malaprop, malapropism
the unintentional misuse of a word by confusion with one that sounds similar
slip of the tongue
an accidental and usually trivial mistake in speaking
bargain, deal
an agreement between parties (usually arrived at after discussion) fixing obligations of each
working agreement
an informal agreement to work together
gentlemen's agreement
a personal agreement based on honor and not legally binding
written agreement
a legal document summarizing the agreement between parties
submission
an agreement between parties in a dispute to abide by the decision of an arbiter
entente, entente cordiale
a friendly understanding between political powers
oral contract
an agreement that is not in writing and is not signed by the parties but is a real existing contract that lacks only the formal requirement of a memorandum to render it enforceable in litigation
molecular formula
a chemical formula based on analysis and molecular weight
empirical formula
a chemical formula showing the ratio of elements in a compound rather than the total number of atoms
tautology
(logic) a statement that is necessarily true
litotes, meiosis
understatement for rhetorical effect (especially when expressing an affirmative by negating its contrary)
banality, bromide, cliche, commonplace, platitude
a trite or obvious remark
truism
an obvious truth
interpretation
an explanation that results from interpreting something
reservation
the written record or promise of an arrangement by which accommodations are secured in advance
settlement
a conclusive resolution of a matter and disposition of it
severance agreement
an agreement on the terms on which an employee will leave
suicide pact
an agreement by two or more people to commit suicide together at a given place and time
characterisation, characterization, delineation, depiction, picture, word picture, word-painting
a graphic or vivid verbal description
contradiction, contradiction in terms
(logic) a statement that is necessarily false
clean bill of health
an assurance that someone is healthy or something is in good condition
wanted notice, wanted poster
a public announcement by a law enforcement agency that they desire to question or arrest some person
walk-through
a thorough explanation (usually accompanied by a demonstration) of each step in a procedure or process
zinger
a striking or amusing or caustic remark
Type of:
content, message, subject matter, substance
what a communication that is about something is about

n a fact or assertion offered as evidence that something is true

Synonyms:
argument
Types:
show 15 types...
hide 15 types...
proof
a formal series of statements showing that if one thing is true something else necessarily follows from it
counterargument
an argument offered in opposition to another argument
pro
an argument in favor of a proposal
con
an argument opposed to a proposal
case
a statement of facts and reasons used to support an argument
clincher, determiner, determining factor
an argument that is conclusive
adducing
citing as evidence or proof
last word
the final statement in a verbal argument
specious argument
an argument that appears good at first view but is really fallacious
mathematical proof
proof of a mathematical theorem
logical proof
proof of a logical theorem
demonstration, monstrance
proof by a process of argument or a series of proposition proving an asserted conclusion
vicious circle
an argument that assumes that which is to be proved
straw man, strawman
a weak or sham argument set up to be easily refuted
special pleading
an argument that ignores all unfavorable evidence
Type of:
evidence
an indication that makes something evident

n a document showing credits and debits

Synonyms:
financial statement
Types:
show 16 types...
hide 16 types...
bank statement
a periodic statement prepared by a bank for each client
account, bill, invoice
an itemized statement of money owed for goods shipped or services rendered
account, account statement, accounting
a statement of recent transactions and the resulting balance
earnings report, income statement, operating statement, profit-and-loss statement
a financial statement that gives operating results for a specific period
electric bill
a bill for money owed for electricity used
hotel bill
statement of charges for staying in a hotel
doctor's bill, medical bill
statement of charges for medical services
phone bill, telephone bill
statement of charges for telephone service
reckoning, tally
a bill for an amount due
tax bill
money owed for taxes
check, chit, tab
the bill in a restaurant
capital account
(finance) an account of the net value of a business at a specified date
capital account
(economics) that part of the balance of payments recording a nation's outflow and inflow of financial securities
profit and loss, profit and loss account
an account compiled at the end of an accounting period to show gross and net profit or loss
suspense account
an account used temporarily to carry doubtful receipts and disbursements or discrepancies pending their analysis and permanent classification
expense account, travel and entertainment account
an account to which salespersons or executives can charge travel and entertainment expenses
Type of:
commercial document, commercial instrument
a document of or relating to commerce

n (computer science) a line of code written as part of a computer program

Synonyms:
command, instruction, program line
Types:
show 9 types...
hide 9 types...
call
an instruction that interrupts the program being executed
command line
commands that a user types in order to run an application
link
(computing) an instruction that connects one part of a program or an element on a list to another program or list
macro, macro instruction
a single computer instruction that results in a series of instructions in machine language
system error
an instruction that is either not recognized by an operating system or is in violation of the procedural rules
toggle
any instruction that works first one way and then the other; it turns something on the first time it is used and then turns it off the next time
function call
a call that passes control to a subroutine; after the subroutine is executed control returns to the next instruction in main program
hyperlink
a link from a hypertext file to another location or file; typically activated by clicking on a highlighted word or icon at a particular location on the screen
supervisor call instruction, system call
an instruction that interrupts the program being executed and passes control to the supervisor
Type of:
code, computer code
(computer science) the symbolic arrangement of data or instructions in a computer program or the set of such instructions

n (music) the presentation of a musical theme

“the initial statement of the sonata”
Types:
augmentation
the statement of a theme in notes of greater duration (usually twice the length of the original)
diminution
the statement of a theme in notes of lesser duration (usually half the length of the original)
Type of:
idea, melodic theme, musical theme, theme
(music) melodic subject of a musical composition

n a nonverbal message

“a Cadillac makes a statement about who you are”
“his tantrums are a statement of his need for attention”
Type of:
content, message, subject matter, substance
what a communication that is about something is about

Sign up, it's free!

Whether you're a student, an educator, or a lifelong learner, Vocabulary.com can put you on the path to systematic vocabulary improvement.