statement

A statement is a sentence that says something is true, like "Pizza is delicious." There are other kinds of statements in the worlds of the law, banking, and government.

All statements claim something or make a point. If you witness an accident, you make a statement to police, describing what you saw. You get a statement from your bank, a monthly record of what you spent and what you have left. Sometimes a statement isn't so official — it's just some kind of point being made. People say someone's car makes a statement — or their clothes do. Running away on your wedding day would make a huge statement.

Definitions of statement
  1. noun
    the act of affirming or asserting or stating something
    synonyms: affirmation, assertion
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    types:
    say-so
    one chap's arbitrary assertion
    type of:
    speech act
    the use of language to perform some act
  2. noun
    a message that is stated or declared; a communication (oral or written) setting forth particulars or facts etc
    “according to his statement he was in London on that day”
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    types:
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    sum-up, summary
    a brief statement that presents the main points in a concise form
    pleading
    (law) a statement in legal and logical form stating something on behalf of a party to a legal proceeding
    amendment
    a statement that is added to or revises or improves a proposal or document (a bill or constitution etc.)
    thing
    a statement regarded as an object
    true statement, truth
    a true statement
    description, verbal description
    a statement that represents something in words
    declaration
    a statement that is emphatic and explicit (spoken or written)
    announcement, annunciation, declaration, proclamation
    a formal public statement
    Bill of Rights
    a statement of fundamental rights and privileges (especially the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution)
    formula
    a conventionalized statement expressing some fundamental principle
    mathematical statement
    a statement of a mathematical relation
    bid, bidding
    (bridge) the number of tricks a bridge player is willing to contract to make
    word
    a brief statement
    account, explanation
    a statement that makes something comprehensible by describing the relevant structure or operation or circumstances etc.
    explanandum, explicandum
    (logic) a statement of something (a fact or thing or expression) to be explained
    explanans
    (logic) statements that explain the explicandum; the explanatory premises
    value statement
    a statement of the desirability of something
    representation
    a statement of facts and reasons made in appealing or protesting
    answer, resolution, result, solution, solvent
    a statement that solves a problem or explains how to solve the problem
    answer, reply, response
    a statement (either spoken or written) that is made to reply to a question or request or criticism or accusation
    announcement, promulgation
    a public statement containing information about an event that has happened or is going to happen
    forecasting, foretelling, prediction, prognostication
    a statement made about the future
    proposition
    (logic) a statement that affirms or denies something and is either true or false
    quotation
    a statement of the current market price of a security or commodity
    falsehood, falsity, untruth
    a false statement
    understatement
    a statement that is restrained in ironic contrast to what might have been said
    qualification, reservation
    a statement that limits or restricts some claim
    cautious statement
    a statement made with careful qualifications
    comment, commentary
    a written explanation or criticism or illustration that is added to a book or other textual material
    comment, input, remark
    a statement that expresses a personal opinion or belief or adds information
    rhetorical question
    a statement that is formulated as a question but that is not supposed to be answered
    misstatement
    a statement that contains a mistake
    restatement
    a revised statement
    agreement, understanding
    the statement (oral or written) of an exchange of promises
    condition, term
    (usually plural) a statement of what is required as part of an agreement
    estimate
    a statement indicating the likely cost of some job
    chemical formula, formula
    a representation of a substance using symbols for its constituent elements
    representation
    a factual statement made by one party in order to induce another party to enter into a contract
    declaration
    a statement of taxable goods or of dutiable properties
    assurance
    a statement intended to inspire confidence
    recital
    a detailed statement giving facts and figures
    negation
    a negative statement; a statement that is a refusal or denial of some other statement
    argument, literary argument
    a summary of the subject or plot of a literary work or play or movie
    capitulation
    a summary that enumerates the main parts of a topic
    compendium
    a concise but comprehensive summary of a larger work
    abridgement, abridgment, capsule, condensation
    a shortened version of a written work
    conspectus
    an overall summary
    CV, curriculum vitae, resume
    a summary of your academic and work history
    line score
    a summary of the scoring in a game (usually in tabular form)
    abstract, outline, precis, synopsis
    a sketchy summary of the main points of an argument or theory
    overview
    a general summary of a subject
    roundup
    a summary list; as in e.g. "a news roundup"
    resume, sketch, survey
    short descriptive summary (of events)
    rundown, summation, summing up
    a concluding summary (as in presenting a case before a law court)
    confederacy, conspiracy
    a secret agreement between two or more people to perform an unlawful act
    fair-trade agreement
    an agreement (illegal in the United States) between the manufacturer of a trademarked item of merchandise and its retail distributors to sell the item at a price at or above the price set by the manufacturer
    covenant
    (Bible) an agreement between God and his people in which God makes certain promises and requires certain behavior from them in return
    unilateral contract
    a one-sided agreement whereby you promise to do (or refrain from doing) something in return for a performance (not a promise)
    sale, sales agreement
    an agreement (or contract) in which property is transferred from the seller (vendor) to the buyer (vendee) for a fixed price in money (paid or agreed to be paid by the buyer)
    affirmative pleading
    any defensive pleading that affirms facts rather than merely denying the facts alleged by the plaintiff
    alternative pleading, pleading in the alternative
    a pleading that alleges facts so separate that it is difficult to determine which facts the person intends to rely on
    answer
    the principal pleading by the defendant in response to plaintiff's complaint; in criminal law it consists of the defendant's plea of `guilty' or `not guilty' (or nolo contendere); in civil law it must contain denials of all allegations in the plaintiff's complaint that the defendant hopes to controvert and it can contain affirmative defenses or counterclaims
    charge, complaint
    (criminal law) a pleading describing some wrong or offense
    complaint
    (civil law) the first pleading of the plaintiff setting out the facts on which the claim for relief is based
    defective pleading
    any pleading that fails to conform in form or substance to minimum standards of accuracy or sufficiency
    demurrer
    (law) any pleading that attacks the legal sufficiency of the opponent's pleadings
    rebuttal, rebutter
    (law) a pleading by the defendant in reply to a plaintiff's surrejoinder
    replication
    (law) a pleading made by a plaintiff in reply to the defendant's plea or answer
    rejoinder
    (law) a pleading made by a defendant in response to the plaintiff's replication
    special pleading
    (law) a pleading that alleges new facts in avoidance of the opposing allegations
    surrebuttal, surrebutter
    (law) a pleading by the plaintiff in reply to the defendant's rebutter
    surrejoinder
    (law) a pleading by the plaintiff in reply to the defendant's rejoinder
    equation
    a mathematical statement that two expressions are equal
    ad-lib
    remark made spontaneously without prior preparation
    courtesy
    a courteous or respectful or considerate remark
    gospel, gospel truth
    an unquestionable truth
    job description
    description of the responsibilities associated with a given job
    spec, specification
    a detailed description of design criteria for a piece of work
    bastardisation, bastardization
    declaring or rendering bastard
    edict
    a formal or authoritative proclamation
    promulgation
    the official announcement of a new law or ordinance whereby the law or ordinance is put into effect
    confession
    a public declaration of your faith
    manifesto, pronunciamento
    a public declaration of intentions (as issued by a political party or government)
    dictum, pronouncement, say-so
    an authoritative declaration
    assertion, asseveration, averment
    a declaration that is made emphatically (as if no supporting evidence were necessary)
    expression, formula
    a group of symbols that make a mathematical statement
    protestation
    a strong declaration of protest
    postulation, predication
    (logic) a declaration of something self-evident; something that can be assumed as the basis for argument
    threat
    declaration of an intention or a determination to inflict harm on another
    contract, declaration
    (contract bridge) the highest bid becomes the contract setting the number of tricks that the bidder must make
    takeout
    (bridge) a bid that asks your partner to bid another suit
    overbid, overcall
    (bridge) a bid that is higher than your opponent's bid (especially when your partner has not bid at all and your bid exceeds the value of your hand)
    pre-empt, preempt, preemptive bid
    a high bid that is intended to prevent the opposing players from bidding
    simplification
    an explanation that omits superfluous details and reduces complexity
    accounting
    a convincing explanation that reveals basic causes
    reason
    an explanation of the cause of some phenomenon
    justification
    a statement in explanation of some action or belief
    exposition
    an account that sets forth the meaning or intent of a writing or discourse
    explication
    a detailed explanation of the meaning of something
    denouement
    the final resolution of the main complication of a literary or dramatic work
    gloss, rubric
    an explanation or definition of an obscure word in a text
    derivation, deriving, etymologizing
    (historical linguistics) an explanation of the historical origins of a word or phrase
    definition
    a concise explanation of the meaning of a word or phrase or symbol
    rescript
    a reply by a Pope to an inquiry concerning a point of law or morality
    feedback
    response to an inquiry or experiment
    advisory
    an announcement that usually advises or warns the public of some threat
    banns
    a public announcement of a proposed marriage
    handout, press release, release
    an announcement distributed to members of the press in order to supplement or replace an oral presentation
    notice
    an announcement containing information about an event
    program, programme
    an announcement of the events that will occur as part of a theatrical or sporting event
    extropy
    the prediction that human intelligence and technology will enable life to expand in an orderly way throughout the entire universe
    fortunetelling
    the practice of predicting people's futures (usually for payment)
    horoscope
    a prediction of someone's future based on the relative positions of the planets
    meteorology, weather forecasting
    predicting what the weather will be
    forecast, prognosis
    a prediction about how something (as the weather) will develop
    divination, prophecy
    a prediction uttered under divine inspiration
    particular, particular proposition
    (logic) a proposition that asserts something about some (but not all) members of a class
    universal, universal proposition
    (logic) a proposition that asserts something of all members of a class
    negation
    (logic) a proposition that is true if and only if another proposition is false
    converse
    a proposition obtained by conversion
    lemma
    a subsidiary proposition that is assumed to be true in order to prove another proposition
    theorem
    a proposition deducible from basic postulates
    conclusion, ratiocination
    the proposition arrived at by logical reasoning (such as the proposition that must follow from the major and minor premises of a syllogism)
    posit, postulate
    (logic) a proposition that is accepted as true in order to provide a basis for logical reasoning
    axiom
    (logic) a proposition that is not susceptible of proof or disproof; its truth is assumed to be self-evident
    dodge, dodging, scheme
    a statement that evades the question by cleverness or trickery
    lie, prevarication
    a statement that deviates from or perverts the truth
    fable, fabrication, fiction
    a deliberately false or improbable account
    deceit, deception, misrepresentation
    a misleading falsehood
    fine print, small print
    the part of a contract that contains reservations and qualifications that are often printed in small type
    weasel word
    an equivocal qualification; a word used to avoid making an outright assertion
    Midrash
    (Judaism) an ancient commentary on part of the Hebrew scriptures that is based on Jewish methods of interpretation and attached to the biblical text
    annotation, notation, note
    a comment or instruction (usually added)
    gambit, ploy
    an opening remark intended to secure an advantage for the speaker
    obiter dictum, passing comment
    an incidental remark
    mention, reference
    a remark that calls attention to something or someone
    observation, reflection, reflexion
    a remark expressing careful consideration
    rib
    a teasing remark
    crack, quip, sally, wisecrack
    witty remark
    barb, dig, gibe, jibe, shaft, shot, slam
    an aggressive remark directed at a person like a missile and intended to have a telling effect
    conversation stopper, stopper
    a remark to which there is no polite conversational reply
    demythologisation, demythologization
    the restatement of a message (as a religious one) in rational terms
    mythologisation, mythologization
    the restatement of a message as a myth
    error, mistake
    part of a statement that is not correct
    malaprop, malapropism
    the unintentional misuse of a word by confusion with one that sounds similar
    slip of the tongue
    an accidental and usually trivial mistake in speaking
    bargain, deal
    an agreement between parties (usually arrived at after discussion) fixing obligations of each
    working agreement
    an informal agreement to work together
    gentlemen's agreement
    a personal agreement based on honor and not legally binding
    written agreement
    a legal document summarizing the agreement between parties
    submission
    an agreement between parties in a dispute to abide by the decision of an arbiter
    entente, entente cordiale
    a friendly understanding between political powers
    oral contract
    an agreement that is not in writing and is not signed by the parties but is a real existing contract that lacks only the formal requirement of a memorandum to render it enforceable in litigation
    molecular formula
    a chemical formula based on analysis and molecular weight
    empirical formula
    a chemical formula showing the ratio of elements in a compound rather than the total number of atoms
    tautology
    (logic) a statement that is necessarily true
    litotes, meiosis
    understatement for rhetorical effect (especially when expressing an affirmative by negating its contrary)
    banality, bromide, cliche, commonplace, platitude
    a trite or obvious remark
    truism
    an obvious truth
    interpretation
    an explanation that results from interpreting something
    reservation
    the written record or promise of an arrangement by which accommodations are secured in advance
    settlement
    a conclusive resolution of a matter and disposition of it
    severance agreement
    an agreement on the terms on which an employee will leave
    suicide pact
    an agreement by two or more people to commit suicide together at a given place and time
    characterisation, characterization, delineation, depiction, picture, word picture, word-painting
    a graphic or vivid verbal description
    contradiction, contradiction in terms
    (logic) a statement that is necessarily false
    clean bill of health
    an assurance that someone is healthy or something is in good condition
    wanted notice, wanted poster
    a public announcement by a law enforcement agency that they desire to question or arrest some person
    walk-through
    a thorough explanation (usually accompanied by a demonstration) of each step in a procedure or process
    zinger
    a striking or amusing or caustic remark
    type of:
    content, message, subject matter, substance
    what a communication that is about something is about
  3. noun
    a fact or assertion offered as evidence that something is true
    synonyms: argument
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    types:
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    proof
    a formal series of statements showing that if one thing is true something else necessarily follows from it
    counterargument, counterclaim
    an argument offered in opposition to another argument
    pro
    an argument in favor of a proposal
    con
    an argument opposed to a proposal
    case
    a statement of facts and reasons used to support an argument
    clincher, determiner, determining factor
    an argument that is conclusive
    adducing
    citing as evidence or proof
    last word
    the final statement in a verbal argument
    specious argument
    an argument that appears good at first view but is really fallacious
    mathematical proof
    proof of a mathematical theorem
    logical proof
    proof of a logical theorem
    demonstration, monstrance
    proof by a process of argument or a series of proposition proving an asserted conclusion
    vicious circle
    an argument that assumes that which is to be proved
    straw man, strawman
    a weak or sham argument set up to be easily refuted
    special pleading
    an argument that ignores all unfavorable evidence
    type of:
    evidence
    an indication that makes something evident
  4. noun
    a document showing credits and debits
    synonyms: financial statement
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    types:
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    bank statement
    a periodic statement prepared by a bank for each client
    account, bill, invoice
    an itemized statement of money owed for goods or services
    account, account statement, accounting
    a statement of recent transactions and the resulting balance
    earnings report, income statement, operating statement, profit-and-loss statement
    a financial statement that gives operating results for a specific period
    electric bill
    a bill for money owed for electricity used
    hotel bill
    statement of charges for staying in a hotel
    doctor's bill, medical bill
    statement of charges for medical services
    phone bill, telephone bill
    statement of charges for telephone service
    reckoning, tally
    a bill for an amount due
    tax bill
    money owed for taxes
    check, chit, tab
    the bill in a restaurant
    capital account
    (finance) an account of the net value of a business at a specified date
    capital account
    (economics) that part of the balance of payments recording a nation's outflow and inflow of financial securities
    profit and loss, profit and loss account
    an account compiled at the end of an accounting period to show gross and net profit or loss
    suspense account
    an account used temporarily to carry doubtful receipts and disbursements or discrepancies pending their analysis and permanent classification
    expense account, travel and entertainment account
    an account to which salespersons or executives can charge travel and entertainment expenses
    type of:
    commercial document, commercial instrument
    a document of or relating to commerce
  5. noun
    (computer science) a line of code written as part of a computer program
    synonyms: command, instruction, program line
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    types:
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    call
    an instruction that interrupts the program being executed
    command line
    commands that a user types in order to run an application
    link
    (computing) an instruction that connects one part of a program or an element on a list to another program or list
    macro, macro instruction
    a single computer instruction that results in a series of instructions in machine language
    system error
    an instruction that is either not recognized by an operating system or is in violation of the procedural rules
    toggle
    any instruction that works first one way and then the other; it turns something on the first time it is used and then turns it off the next time
    function call
    a call that passes control to a subroutine; after the subroutine is executed control returns to the next instruction in main program
    hyperlink
    a link from a hypertext file to another location or file; typically activated by clicking on a highlighted word or icon at a particular location on the screen
    supervisor call instruction, system call
    an instruction that interrupts the program being executed and passes control to the supervisor
    type of:
    code, computer code
    (computer science) the symbolic arrangement of data or instructions in a computer program or the set of such instructions
  6. noun
    (music) the presentation of a musical theme
    “the initial statement of the sonata”
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    types:
    augmentation
    the statement of a theme in notes of greater duration (usually twice the length of the original)
    diminution
    the statement of a theme in notes of lesser duration (usually half the length of the original)
    type of:
    idea, melodic theme, musical theme, theme
    (music) melodic subject of a musical composition
  7. noun
    a nonverbal message
    “a Cadillac makes a statement about who you are”
    “his tantrums are a statement of his need for attention”
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    type of:
    content, message, subject matter, substance
    what a communication that is about something is about
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