particular

As an adjective, particular describes something specific, such as when you prefer one particular type of cereal over another. The noun form means specific points or details, as in the particulars of a police investigation.

The idea of particular referring to details comes from the Latin particula, which means "particle" or "small part," and in Middle English the word meant something that referred to a single person or thing. You can note that in the phrase "in particular" which means "especially." As in, one breed of dog in particular would suit you best, with your floppy ears and friendly personality.

Primary Meanings of particular

1.
adjn
unique or specific to a person or thing or category
(logic) a proposition that asserts something about some (but not all) members of a class
2.
adjn
providing specific details or circumstances
a small part that can be considered separately from the whole
Full Definitions of particular
1

adj unique or specific to a person or thing or category

“the particular demands of the job”
“has a particular preference for Chinese art”
Synonyms:
peculiar, special
specific
(sometimes followed by `to') applying to or characterized by or distinguishing something particular or special or unique

adj separate and distinct from others of the same group or category

“interested in one particular artist”
“a man who wishes to make a particular woman fall in love with him”
Synonyms:
specific
(sometimes followed by `to') applying to or characterized by or distinguishing something particular or special or unique

adj surpassing what is common or usual or expected

“a matter of particular and unusual importance”
Synonyms:
especial, exceptional, special
uncommon
not common or ordinarily encountered; unusually great in amount or remarkable in character or kind

adj first and most important

“she gets special (or particular) satisfaction from her volunteer work”
Synonyms:
special
primary
of first rank or importance or value; direct and immediate rather than secondary

n (logic) a proposition that asserts something about some (but not all) members of a class

Synonyms:
particular proposition
Antonyms:
universal, universal proposition
(logic) a proposition that asserts something of all members of a class
Type of:
proposition
(logic) a statement that affirms or denies something and is either true or false
2

adj providing specific details or circumstances

“a particular description of the room”
Synonyms:
careful
exercising caution or showing care or attention

adj exacting especially about details

“very particular about how her food was prepared”
Synonyms:
finical, finicky, fussy, picky
fastidious
giving careful attention to detail; hard to please; excessively concerned with cleanliness

n a small part that can be considered separately from the whole

Synonyms:
detail, item
Types:
high spot, highlight
the most interesting or memorable part
Type of:
component, component part, constituent, part, portion
something determined in relation to something that includes it

n a fact about some part (as opposed to general)

“he always reasons from the particular to the general”
Synonyms:
specific
Antonyms:
general
a fact about the whole (as opposed to particular)
Type of:
fact
a piece of information about circumstances that exist or events that have occurred

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