shaft

The noun shaft refers to something that resembles a long, thin pole, such as the long part of an arrow between the tip and the feathers.

The word shaft can describe all kinds of things that are long and thin, such a shaft of light or a spear or the handle of a golf club or the midsection of a long bone. A shaft can also be a long narrow tunnel, generally one that runs straight up and down, such as a mine shaft or an elevator shaft. You might think these items don’t have much in common, but think about their shape: they’re all long, straight, and thin.

Definitions of shaft
  1. noun
    a long rod or pole (especially the handle of an implement or the body of a weapon like a spear or arrow)
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    axle
    a shaft on which a wheel rotates
    thill
    one of two shafts extending from the body of a cart or carriage on either side of the animal that pulls it
    dead axle
    an axle that carries a wheel but without power to drive it
    journal
    the part of the axle contained by a bearing
    driving axle, live axle
    the axle of a self-propelled vehicle that provides the driving power
    type of:
    rod
    a long thin implement made of metal or wood
  2. noun
    a long pointed rod used as a tool or weapon
    synonyms: lance, spear
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    types:
    assagai, assegai
    the slender spear of the Bantu-speaking people of Africa
    javelin
    a spear thrown as a weapon or in competitive field events
    trident
    a spear with three prongs
    type of:
    arm, weapon, weapon system
    any instrument or instrumentality used in fighting or hunting
  3. noun
    a revolving rod that transmits power or motion
    synonyms: rotating shaft
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    camshaft
    has cams attached to it
    crankshaft
    a rotating shaft driven by (or driving) a crank
    driveshaft
    a rotating shaft that transmits power from the engine to the point of application
    arbor, mandrel, mandril, spindle
    any of various rotating shafts that serve as axes for larger rotating parts
    transmission shaft
    rotating shaft that transmits rotary motion from the engine to the differential
    type of:
    rod
    a long thin implement made of metal or wood
  4. noun
    the main (mid) section of a long bone
    synonyms: diaphysis
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    type of:
    long bone, os longum
    in limbs of vertebrate animals: a long cylindrical bone that contains marrow
  5. noun
    the hollow spine of a feather
    synonyms: calamus, quill
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    type of:
    rib
    a riblike supporting or strengthening part of an animal or plant
  6. noun
    obscene terms for penis
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    penis
    the male organ of copulation (`member' is a euphemism)
  7. noun
    (architecture) upright consisting of the vertical part of a column
    synonyms: scape
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    type of:
    upright, vertical
    a vertical structural member as a post or stake
  8. noun
    a line that forms the length of an arrow pointer
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    type of:
    line
    a mark that is long relative to its width
  9. verb
    equip with a shaft
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    type of:
    equip, fit, fit out, outfit
    provide with (something) usually for a specific purpose
  10. noun
    a long vertical passage sunk into the earth, as for a mine or tunnel
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    types:
    air shaft, air well
    a shaft for ventilation
    downcast
    a ventilation shaft through which air enters a mine
    type of:
    passage
    a way through or along which someone or something may pass
  11. noun
    a vertical passageway through a building (as for an elevator)
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    elevator shaft
    a vertical shaft in a building to permit the passage of an elevator from floor to floor
    ventilation shaft
    a shaft in a building; serves as an air passage for ventilation
    well
    an open shaft through the floors of a building (as for a stairway)
    stairwell
    a vertical well around which there is a stairway
    type of:
    passageway
    a passage between rooms or between buildings
  12. noun
    a column of light (as from a beacon)
    synonyms: beam, beam of light, irradiation, light beam, ray, ray of light, shaft of light
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    heat ray
    a ray that produces a thermal effect
    high beam
    the beam of a car's headlights that provides distant illumination
    moon ray, moon-ray, moonbeam
    a ray of moonlight
    sunbeam, sunray
    a ray of sunlight
    laser beam
    a beam of light generated by a laser
    low beam
    the beam of a car's headlights that provides illumination for a short distance
    infrared ray
    a ray of infrared radiation; produces a thermal effect (as from an infrared lamp)
    type of:
    light, visible light, visible radiation
    (physics) electromagnetic radiation that can produce a visual sensation
  13. noun
    an aggressive remark directed at a person like a missile and intended to have a telling effect
    “she threw shafts of sarcasm”
    synonyms: barb, dig, gibe, jibe, shot, slam
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    types:
    cheap shot
    an unnecessarily aggressive and unfair remark directed at a defenseless person
    type of:
    comment, input, remark
    a statement that expresses a personal opinion or belief or adds information
  14. verb
    defeat someone through trickery or deceit
    synonyms: cheat, chicane, chouse, jockey, screw
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    type of:
    beat, beat out, crush, shell, trounce, vanquish
    come out better in a competition, race, or conflict
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