movement

The noun movement means a change of position or location. If you're watching a play, you might notice that an actor's repeated movement from one side of the stage to the other shows her character's nervousness.

A campaign to create some change or achieve a goal is another kind of movement, like the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 60s. A major section of a musical piece is also called a movement. Each movement of a symphony can have a different tempo and feel, working to build the piece toward a dramatic finish. Beethoven's Fifth Symphony has four movements.

Definitions of movement
  1. noun
    a change of position that does not entail a change of location
    movement is a sign of life”
    synonyms: motility, motion, move
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    abduction
    (physiology) moving of a body part away from the central axis of the body
    adduction
    (physiology) moving of a body part toward the central axis of the body
    agitation
    the act of agitating something; causing it to move around (usually vigorously)
    body English
    a motion of the body by a player as if to make an object already propelled go in the desired direction
    circumduction
    a circular movement of a limb or eye
    disturbance
    the act of disturbing something or someone; setting something in motion
    fetal movement, foetal movement
    motion of a fetus within the uterus (usually detected by the 16th week of pregnancy)
    dart, flit
    a sudden quick movement
    gesture
    motion of hands or body to emphasize or help to express a thought or feeling
    headshake, headshaking
    the act of turning your head left and right to signify denial or disbelief or bemusement
    inclination, inclining
    the act of inclining; bending forward
    eversion, everting, inversion
    the act of turning inside out
    inversion, upending
    turning upside down; setting on end
    jerk, jerking, jolt, saccade
    an abrupt spasmodic movement
    kick, kicking
    a rhythmic thrusting movement of the legs as in swimming or calisthenics
    kneel, kneeling
    supporting yourself on your knees
    lurch, pitch, pitching
    abrupt up-and-down motion (as caused by a ship or other conveyance)
    eye movement
    the movement of the eyes
    opening
    the act of opening something
    prostration
    the act of assuming a prostrate position
    reach, reaching, stretch
    the act of physically reaching or thrusting out
    reciprocation
    alternating back-and-forth movement
    reclining
    the act of assuming or maintaining a reclining position
    retraction
    the act of pulling or holding or drawing a part back
    retroflection, retroflexion
    the act of bending backward
    rotary motion, rotation
    the act of rotating as if on an axis
    closing, shutting
    the act of closing something
    sitting
    the act of assuming or maintaining a seated position
    posing, sitting
    (photography) the act of assuming a certain position (as for a photograph or portrait)
    snap
    the act of snapping the fingers; movement of a finger from the tip to the base of the thumb on the same hand
    squat, squatting
    the act of assuming or maintaining a crouching position with the knees bent and the buttocks near the heels
    sweep
    a movement in an arc
    toss
    an abrupt movement
    quiver, quivering, vibration
    the act of vibrating
    wave
    a movement like that of a sudden occurrence or increase in a specified phenomenon
    flicker, flutter, waver
    the act of moving back and forth
    standing
    the act of assuming or maintaining an erect upright position
    span, straddle
    the act of sitting or standing astride
    stroke
    a single complete movement
    squirm, wiggle, wriggle
    the act of wiggling
    eurhythmics, eurhythmy, eurythmics, eurythmy
    the interpretation in harmonious bodily movements of the rhythm of musical compositions; used to teach musical understanding
    windup
    (baseball) the series of motions made by a pitcher prior to releasing a pitch
    jab, jabbing, poke, poking, thrust, thrusting
    a sharp hand gesture (resembling a blow)
    mudra
    ritual hand movement in Hindu religious dancing
    bob
    a short abrupt inclination (as of the head)
    nod
    the act of nodding the head
    stoop
    an inclination of the top half of the body forward and downward
    nystagmus
    involuntary movements of the eyeballs; its presence or absence is used to diagnose a variety of neurological and visual disorders
    saccade
    a rapid, jerky movement of the eyes between positions of rest
    circumvolution
    the act of turning or winding or folding around a central axis
    feather, feathering
    turning an oar parallel to the water between pulls
    gyration, whirling
    the act of rotating in a circle or spiral
    pivot
    the act of turning on (or as if on) a pivot
    pronation
    rotation of the hands and forearms so that the palms face downward
    spin, twirl, twist, twisting, whirl
    the act of rotating rapidly
    spiral
    flying downward in a helical path with a large radius
    supination
    rotation of the hands and forearms so that the palms face upward
    turn, twist
    turning or twisting around (in place)
    twist, wind, winding
    the act of winding or twisting
    shaking
    the act of causing something to move up and down (or back and forth) with quick movements
    stirring
    agitating a liquid with an implement
    shake, wag, waggle
    causing to move repeatedly from side to side
    worrying
    the act of moving something by repeated tugs or pushes
    careen, rock, sway, tilt
    pitching dangerously to one side
    overturn, turnover, upset
    the act of upsetting something
    shudder, tremor
    an involuntary vibration (as if from illness or fear)
    outreach
    the act of reaching out
    key stroke, keystroke
    the stroke of a key; one depression of a key on a keyboard
    turnout
    (ballet) the outward rotation of a dancer's leg from the hip
    beat
    a stroke or blow
    bow
    a stroke with a curved piece of wood with taut horsehair strands that is used in playing stringed instruments
    carnival, circus
    a frenetic disorganized (and often comic) disturbance suggestive of a large public entertainment
    disorganisation, disorganization
    the disturbance of a systematic arrangement causing disorder and confusion
    disruption, perturbation
    the act of causing disorder
    commotion, din, ruckus, ruction, rumpus, tumult
    the act of making a noisy disturbance
    furor, furore
    a sudden outburst (as of protest)
    havoc, mayhem
    violent and needless disturbance
    battle royal, melee, scrimmage
    a noisy riotous fight
    agitation, excitement, hullabaloo, turmoil, upheaval
    disturbance usually in protest
    outburst, tumultuous disturbance
    a sudden violent disturbance
    rampage, violent disorder
    violently angry and destructive behavior
    derangement, overthrow, upset
    the act of disturbing the mind or body
    swimming kick
    a movement of the legs in swimming
    blow, buffet
    a powerful stroke with the fist or a weapon
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    change
    the action of changing something
  2. noun
    the act of changing location from one place to another
    “the movement of people from the farms to the cities”
    synonyms: motion, move
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    approach, approaching, coming
    the act of drawing spatially closer to something
    advance, advancement, forward motion, onward motion, procession, progress, progression
    the act of moving forward (as toward a goal)
    locomotion, travel
    self-propelled movement
    lunge, lurch
    the act of moving forward suddenly
    travel, traveling, travelling
    the act of going from one place to another
    chase, following, pursual, pursuit
    the act of pursuing in an effort to overtake or capture
    ascending, ascension, ascent, rise
    the act of changing location in an upward direction
    descent
    the act of changing your location in a downward direction
    swing, swinging, vacillation
    changing location by moving back and forth
    return
    the act of going back to a prior location
    coast, glide, slide
    the act of moving smoothly along a surface while remaining in contact with it
    slippage
    failing to hold or slipping out of place
    flow, stream
    the act of flowing or streaming; continuous progression
    crawl
    a very slow movement
    hurrying, speed, speeding
    changing location rapidly
    displacement, translation
    the act of uniform movement
    shift, shifting
    the act of moving from one place to another
    haste, hurry, rush, rushing
    the act of moving hurriedly and in a careless manner
    maneuver, manoeuvre, play
    a deliberate coordinated movement requiring dexterity and skill
    migration
    the movement of persons from one country or locality to another
    emigration, expatriation, out-migration
    migration from a place (especially migration from your native country in order to settle in another)
    immigration, in-migration
    migration into a place (especially migration to a country of which you are not a native in order to settle there)
    access
    the act of approaching or entering
    closing, closure
    approaching a particular destination; a coming closer; a narrowing of a gap
    landing approach
    the approach to a landing field by an airplane
    push
    an effort to advance
    career, life history
    the general progression of your working or professional life
    march
    a steady advance
    clear sailing, easy going, plain sailing
    easy unobstructed progress
    brachiation
    swinging by the arms from branch to branch
    walk, walking
    the act of traveling by foot
    walk
    the act of walking somewhere
    step
    the act of changing location by raising the foot and setting it down
    gait
    a horse's manner of moving
    run, running
    the act of running; traveling on foot at a fast pace
    jog, lope, trot
    a slow pace of running
    crawl, crawling, creep, creeping
    a slow mode of locomotion on hands and knees or dragging the body
    circle, circuit, lap
    movement once around a course
    circumnavigation
    traveling around something (by ship or plane)
    peregrination
    traveling or wandering around
    traversal, traverse
    travel across
    roving, vagabondage, wandering
    travelling about without any clear destination
    wayfaring
    traveling (especially on foot)
    crossing
    traveling across
    driving
    the act of controlling and steering the movement of a vehicle or animal
    horseback riding, riding
    travel by being carried on horseback
    air, air travel, aviation
    travel via aircraft
    jump, parachuting
    descent with a parachute
    journey, journeying
    the act of traveling from one place to another
    leg, stage
    a section or portion of a journey or course
    staging
    travel by stagecoach
    on the road, on tour
    travelling about
    junketing
    taking an excursion for pleasure
    seafaring, water travel
    travel by water
    commutation, commuting
    the travel of a commuter
    tracking, trailing
    the pursuit (of a person or animal) by following tracks or marks they left behind
    shadowing, tailing
    the act of following someone secretly
    stalk, stalking
    the act of following prey stealthily
    levitation
    the act of raising (a body) from the ground by presumably spiritualistic means
    heave, heaving
    the act of lifting something with great effort
    climb, mount
    the act of climbing something
    soar, zoom
    the act of rising upward into the air
    dive, nose dive, nosedive
    a steep nose-down descent by an aircraft
    abseil, rappel
    (mountaineering) a descent of a vertical cliff or wall made by using a doubled rope that is fixed to a higher point and wrapped around the body
    swoop
    a swift descent through the air
    crash dive
    a rapid descent by a submarine
    drop
    the act of dropping something
    collapse, flop
    the act of throwing yourself down
    reentry
    the act of entering again
    remand
    the act of sending an accused person back into custody to await trial (or the continuation of the trial)
    sideslip, skid, slip
    an unexpected slide
    snowboarding
    the act of sliding down a snow-covered slope while standing on a snowboard
    release, spill, spillage
    the act of allowing a fluid to escape
    flood, outpouring, overflow
    a large flow
    acceleration, quickening, speedup
    the act of accelerating; increasing the speed
    deceleration
    the act of decelerating; decreasing the speed
    scud, scudding
    the act of moving along swiftly (as before a gale)
    run-up
    the approach run during which an athlete gathers speed
    leapfrog
    advancing as if in the child's game, by leaping over obstacles or competitors
    dance step, step
    a sequence of foot movements that make up a particular dance
    bolt, dash
    the act of moving with great haste
    scamper, scramble, scurry
    the act of rushing about hastily in an undignified way
    takeaway
    the act of taking the ball or puck away from the team on the offense (as by the interception of a pass)
    figure
    a predetermined set of movements in dancing or skating
    completion, pass completion
    (American football) a successful forward pass in football
    ball hawking
    a skillful maneuver in catching balls or in stealing the ball from the opposing team
    assist
    (sports) the act of enabling another player to make a good play
    icing, icing the puck
    (ice hockey) the act of shooting the puck from within your own defensive area the length of the rink beyond the opponent's goal
    jugglery
    the performance of a juggler
    obstruction
    getting in someone's way
    baseball play
    (baseball) a play executed by a baseball team
    footwork
    the manner of using the feet
    shot, stroke
    (sports) the act of swinging or striking at a ball with a club or racket or bat or cue or hand
    stroke
    any one of the repeated movements of the limbs and body used for locomotion in swimming or rowing
    blitz, linebacker blitzing, safety blitz
    (American football) defensive players try to break through the offensive line
    mousetrap, trap play
    (American football) a play in which a defensive player is allowed to cross the line of scrimmage and then blocked off as the runner goes through the place the lineman vacated
    gold rush
    a large migration of people to a newly discovered gold field
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    change
    the action of changing something
  3. noun
    the act of changing the location of something
    “the movement of cargo onto the vessel”
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    deracination, displacement
    to move something from its natural environment
    conveyance, transfer, transferral, transport, transportation
    the act of moving something from one location to another
    insertion, introduction, intromission
    the act of putting one thing into another
    letting down, lowering
    the act of causing something to move to a lower level
    transplant, transplantation, transplanting
    the act of removing something from one location and introducing it in another location
    troop movement
    movement of military units to a new location
    transshipment
    the transfer from one conveyance to another for shipment
    airlift, lift
    transportation of people or goods by air (especially when other means of access are unavailable)
    connection, connexion
    shifting from one form of transportation to another
    bringing, delivery
    the act of delivering or distributing something (as goods or mail)
    drive
    the act of driving a herd of animals over land
    carry
    the act of carrying something
    cannulation, cannulisation, cannulization, canulation, canulisation, canulization, intubation
    the insertion of a cannula or tube into a hollow body organ
    instillation, instillment, instilment
    the introduction of a liquid (by pouring or injection) drop by drop
    enclosing, enclosure, envelopment, inclosure
    the act of enclosing something inside something else
    injection
    the forceful insertion of a substance under pressure
    blood transfusion, transfusion
    the introduction of blood or blood plasma into a vein or artery
    perfusion
    pumping a liquid into an organ or tissue (especially by way of blood vessels)
    lighterage
    the transportation of goods on a lighter
    relocation, resettlement
    the transportation of people (as a family or colony) to a new settlement (as after an upheaval of some kind)
    teleportation
    a hypothetical mode of instantaneous transportation; matter is dematerialized at one place and recreated at another
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    change
    the action of changing something
  4. noun
    a natural event that involves a change in the position or location of something
    synonyms: motion
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    crustal movement, tectonic movement
    movement resulting from or causing deformation of the earth's crust
    approach, approaching
    the event of one object coming closer to another
    passage, passing
    the motion of one object relative to another
    deflection, deflexion
    the movement of the pointer or pen of a measuring instrument from its zero position
    bend, bending
    movement that causes the formation of a curve
    change of location, travel
    a movement through space that changes the location of something
    undulation, wave
    (physics) a movement up and down or back and forth
    jitter
    a small irregular movement
    periodic motion, periodic movement
    motion that recurs over and over and the period of time required for each recurrence remains the same
    heave
    (geology) a horizontal dislocation
    backlash, rebound, recoil, repercussion
    a movement back from an impact
    kick, recoil
    the backward jerk of a gun when it is fired
    seek
    the movement of a read/write head to a specific data track on a disk
    squeeze, wring
    a twisting squeeze
    cam stroke, stroke, throw
    the maximum movement available to a pivoted or reciprocating piece by a cam
    turn, turning
    a movement in a new direction
    twist, wrench
    a jerky pulling movement
    undulation
    wavelike motion; a gentle rising and falling in the manner of waves
    moving ridge, wave
    one of a series of ridges that moves across the surface of a liquid (especially across a large body of water)
    wobble
    an unsteady rocking motion
    commotion, whirl
    confused movement
    Brownian motion, Brownian movement, pedesis
    the random motion of small particles suspended in a gas or liquid
    ascension
    (astronomy) the rising of a star above the horizon
    circulation
    free movement or passage (as of cytoplasm within a cell or sap through a plant)
    creep
    a slow longitudinal movement or deformation
    breaker, breakers, surf
    waves breaking on the shore
    backwash, wake
    the wave that spreads behind a boat as it moves forward
    swash
    the movement or sound of water
    riffle, ripple, rippling, wavelet
    a small wave on the surface of a liquid
    gravitation wave, gravity wave
    (physics) a wave that is hypothesized to propagate gravity and to travel at the speed of light
    sine wave
    a wave whose waveform resembles a sine curve
    oscillation, vibration
    (physics) a regular periodic variation in value about a mean
    fluctuation
    a wave motion
    seiche
    a wave on the surface of a lake or landlocked bay; caused by atmospheric or seismic disturbances
    standing wave, stationary wave
    a wave (as a sound wave in a chamber or an electromagnetic wave in a transmission line) in which the ratio of its instantaneous amplitude at one point to that at any other point does not vary with time
    traveling wave, travelling wave
    a wave in which the medium moves in the direction of propagation of the wave
    acoustic wave, sound wave
    (acoustics) a wave that transmits sound
    wave form, wave shape, waveform
    the shape of a wave illustrated graphically by plotting the values of the period quantity against time
    blast wave, shock wave
    a region of high pressure travelling through a gas at a high velocity
    crestless wave, swell
    the undulating movement of the surface of the open sea
    lift, rise
    a wave that lifts the surface of the water or ground
    billow, surge
    a large sea wave
    tidal wave
    a wave resulting from the periodic flow of the tides that is caused by the gravitational attraction of the moon and sun
    tidal wave
    an unusual (and often destructive) rise of water along the seashore caused by a storm or a combination of wind and high tide
    tsunami
    a cataclysm resulting from a destructive sea wave caused by an earthquake or volcanic eruption
    roll, roller, rolling wave
    a long heavy sea wave as it advances towards the shore
    harmonic motion
    a periodic motion in which the displacement is either symmetrical about a point or is the sum of such motions
    bounce, bouncing
    rebounding from an impact (or series of impacts)
    resilience, resiliency
    an occurrence of rebounding or springing back
    instroke
    the stroke of an engine piston moving away from the crankshaft
    outstroke
    the stroke of an engine piston moving toward the crankshaft
    comber
    a long curling sea wave
    white horse, whitecap
    a wave that is blown by the wind so its crest is broken and appears white
    gravitation
    movement downward resulting from gravitational attraction
    levitation
    movement upward by virtue of lightness
    descent
    a movement downward
    shimmy
    an abnormal wobble in a motor vehicle (especially in the front wheels)
    entering, entrance
    a movement into or inward
    fall
    a movement downward
    flow, flowing
    the motion characteristic of fluids (liquids or gases)
    carom, ricochet
    a glancing rebound
    deflection, deflexion, refraction
    the amount by which a propagating wave is bent
    reversal, turn around
    turning in an opposite direction or position
    swerve, yaw
    an erratic deflection from an intended course
    impulse, pulsation, pulse, pulsing
    (electronics) a sharp transient wave in the normal electrical state (or a series of such transients)
    flap, flapping, flutter, fluttering
    the motion made by flapping up and down
    gyration, revolution, rotation
    a single complete turn (axial or orbital)
    advance, progress, progression
    a movement forward
    ascension, ascent, rise, rising
    a movement upward
    spread, spreading
    process or result of distributing or extending over a wide expanse of space
    stampede
    a wild headlong rush of frightened animals (horses or cattle)
    translation
    a uniform movement without rotation
    coming back, return
    the occurrence of a change in direction back in the opposite direction
    volution
    a rolling or revolving motion
    type of:
    happening, natural event, occurrence, occurrent
    an event that happens
  5. noun
    an optical illusion of motion produced by viewing a rapid succession of still pictures of a moving object
    “the succession of flashing lights gave an illusion of movement
    synonyms: apparent motion, apparent movement, motion
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    optical illusion
    an optical phenomenon that results in a false or deceptive visual impression
  6. noun
    a general tendency to change (as of opinion)
    “a broad movement of the electorate to the right”
    synonyms: drift, trend
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    evolutionary trend
    a general direction of evolutionary change
    gravitation
    a figurative movement toward some attraction
    neoteny
    an evolutionary trend to be born earlier so that development is cut off at an earlier stage and juvenile characteristics are retained in adults of the species
    type of:
    disposition, inclination, tendency
    an attitude of mind especially one that favors one alternative over others
  7. noun
    a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular end
    “the movement to end slavery”
    synonyms: campaign, cause, crusade, drive, effort
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    ad blitz, ad campaign, advertising campaign
    an organized program of advertisements
    anti-war movement
    a campaign against entering or continuing a war
    charm campaign
    a campaign of flattery and friendliness (by a company, politician, etc.) to become more popular and gain support
    consumerism
    a movement advocating greater protection of the interests of consumers
    campaigning, candidacy, candidature, electioneering, political campaign
    the campaign of a candidate to be elected
    fund-raising campaign, fund-raising drive, fund-raising effort
    a campaign to raise money for some cause
    feminism, feminist movement, women's lib, women's liberation movement
    the movement aimed at equal rights for women
    gay lib, gay liberation movement
    the movement aimed at liberating homosexuals from legal or social or economic oppression
    lost cause
    a defeated cause or a cause for which defeat is inevitable
    reform
    a campaign aimed to correct abuses or malpractices
    war
    a concerted campaign to end something that is injurious
    youth crusade, youth movement
    political or religious or social reform movement or agitation consisting chiefly of young people
    front-porch campaign, front-porch campaigning
    a campaign in which the candidate makes speeches but does not travel
    hustings
    the activities involved in political campaigning (especially speech making)
    whispering campaign
    the organized dissemination of derogatory rumors designed to discredit a candidate
    stumping
    campaigning for something by making political speeches (stump speeches)
    sales campaign
    an advertising campaign intended to promote sales
    public-relations campaign
    an advertising campaign intended to improve public relations
    type of:
    venture
    any venturesome undertaking especially one with an uncertain outcome
  8. noun
    a group of people with a common ideology who try together to achieve certain general goals
    “he was a charter member of the movement
    “politicians have to respect a mass movement
    synonyms: front, social movement
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    Fighting French, Free French
    a French movement during World War II that was organized in London by Charles de Gaulle to fight for the liberation of France from German control and for the restoration of the republic
    art movement, artistic movement
    a group of artists who agree on general principles
    Boy Scouts
    an international (but decentralized) movement started in 1908 in England with the goal of teaching good citizenship to boys
    Civil Rights movement
    movement in the United States beginning in the 1960s and led primarily by Blacks in an effort to establish the civil rights of individual Black citizens
    common front
    a movement in which several individuals or groups with different interests join together
    cultural movement
    a group of people working together to advance certain cultural goals
    ecumenism, oecumenism
    a movement promoting union between religions (especially between Christian churches)
    falun gong
    a spiritual movement that began in China in the latter half of the 20th century and is based on Buddhist and Taoist teachings and practices
    political movement
    a group of people working together to achieve a political goal
    reform movement
    a movement intended to bring about social and humanitarian reforms
    religious movement
    a movement intended to bring about religious reforms
    Zionism, Zionist movement
    a movement of world Jewry that arose late in the 19th century with the aim of creating a Jewish state in Palestine
    Abstract Expressionism, action painting
    a New York school of painting characterized by freely created abstractions; the first important school of American painting to develop independently of European styles
    Ash Can, Ashcan school
    early 20th-century United States painting; portrays realistic and sordid scenes of city life
    Impressionism, impressionism
    a school of late 19th century French painters who pictured appearances by strokes of unmixed colors to give the impression of reflected light
    Pop Art
    a school of art that emerged in the United Kingdom in the 1950s and became prevalent in the United States and the United Kingdom in the 1960s; it imitated the techniques of commercial art (as the soup cans of Andy Warhol) and the styles of popular culture and the mass media
    Islamism
    a fundamentalist Islamic revivalist movement generally characterized by moral conservatism and the literal interpretation of the Koran and the attempt to implement Islamic values in all aspects of life
    Ashcan School, Eight
    a group of United States painters founded in 1907 and noted for their realistic depictions of sordid aspects of city life
    pointillism
    a school of painters who used a technique of painting with tiny dots of pure colors that would blend in the viewer's eye; developed by Georges Seurat and his followers late in 19th century France
    PLO, Palestine Liberation Organization
    a political movement uniting Palestinian Arabs in an effort to create an independent state of Palestine; when formed in 1964 it was a terrorist organization dominated by Yasser Arafat's al-Fatah; in 1968 Arafat became chairman; received recognition by the United Nations and by Arab states in 1974 as a government in exile; has played a largely political role since the creation of the Palestine National Authority
    Sinn Fein
    an Irish republican political movement founded in 1905 to promote independence from England and unification of Ireland; became the political branch of the Irish Republican Army
    Red Guard
    a radical political movement by Chinese youths who espoused Maoist principles
    syndicalism
    a radical political movement that advocates bringing industry and government under the control of labor unions
    FTO, foreign terrorist organization, terrorist group, terrorist organization
    a political movement that uses terror as a weapon to achieve its goals
    art deco, deco
    a style of design that was popular in the 1920s and 1930s; marked by stylized forms and geometric designs adapted to mass production
    art nouveau
    a French school of art and architecture popular in the 1890s; characterized by stylized natural forms and sinuous outlines of such objects as leaves and vines and flowers
    avant-garde, new wave, van, vanguard
    any creative group active in the innovation and application of new concepts and techniques in a given field (especially in the arts)
    constructivism
    an abstractionist artistic movement in Russia after World War I; industrial materials were used to construct nonrepresentational objects
    suprematism
    a geometric abstractionist movement originated by Kazimir Malevich in Russia that influenced constructivism
    cubism
    an artistic movement in France beginning in 1907 that featured surfaces of geometrical planes
    dada, dadaism
    a nihilistic art movement (especially in painting) that flourished in Europe early in the 20th century; based on irrationality and negation of the accepted laws of beauty
    expressionism
    an art movement early in the 20th century; the artist's subjective expression of inner experiences was emphasized; an inner feeling was expressed through a distorted rendition of reality
    fauvism
    an art movement launched in 1905 whose work was characterized by bright and nonnatural colors and simple forms; influenced the expressionists
    futurism
    an artistic movement in Italy around 1910 that tried to express the energy and values of the machine age
    Hudson River school, romantic realism
    the first coherent school of American art; active from 1825 to 1870; painted wilderness landscapes of the Hudson River valley and surrounding New England
    imagism
    a movement by American and English poets early in the 20th century in reaction to Victorian sentimentality; used common speech in free verse with clear concrete imagery
    lake poets
    English poets at the beginning of the 19th century who lived in the Lake District and were inspired by it
    luminism
    an artistic movement in the United States that was derived from the Hudson River school; active from 1850 to 1870; painted realistic landscapes in a style that pictured atmospheric light and the use of aerial perspective
    minimal art, minimalism, reductivism
    an art movement in sculpture and painting that began in the 1950s and emphasized extreme simplification of form and color
    naturalism, realism
    an artistic movement in 19th century France; artists and writers strove for detailed realistic and factual description
    neoromanticism
    an art movement based on a revival of Romanticism in art and literature
    New Wave, Nouvelle Vague
    an art movement in French cinema in the 1960s
    secession, sezession
    an Austrian school of art and architecture parallel to the French art nouveau in the 1890s
    surrealism
    a 20th century movement of artists and writers (developing out of dadaism) who used fantastic images and incongruous juxtapositions in order to represent unconscious thoughts and dreams
    symbolism
    an artistic movement in the late 19th century that tried to express abstract or mystical ideas through the symbolic use of images
    Age of Reason, Enlightenment
    a movement in Europe from about 1650 until 1800 that advocated the use of reason and individualism instead of tradition and established doctrine
    labor, labor movement, trade union movement
    an organized attempt by workers to improve their status by united action (particularly via labor unions) or the leaders of this movement
    Akhbari
    a religious movement by Arab Shiite Muslims in 17th century Iraq that is opposed to the Usuli
    Usuli
    a religious movement by Persian Shiite Muslims in 17th century Iran that is opposed to the Akhbari
    Counter Reformation
    the reaction of the Roman Catholic Church to the Reformation reaffirming the veneration of saints and the authority of the Pope (to which Protestants objected); many leaders were Jesuits
    ecumenical movement
    a movement aimed to promote understanding and cooperation among Christian churches; aimed ultimately at universal Christian unity
    Gallicanism
    a religious movement originating among the French Roman Catholic clergy that favored the restriction of papal control and the achievement by each nation of individual administrative autonomy of the church
    Chabad, Chabad-Lubavitch, Lubavitch, Lubavitch movement
    a large missionary Hasidic movement known for their hospitality, technological expertise, optimism and emphasis on religious study
    Oxford movement
    19th-century movement in the Church of England opposing liberal tendencies
    Pietism
    17th and 18th-century German movement in the Lutheran Church stressing personal piety and devotion
    Protestant Reformation, Reformation
    a religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches
    Taleban, Taliban
    a fundamentalist Islamic militia; in 1995 the Taliban militia took over Afghanistan and in 1996 took Kabul and set up an Islamic government
    Nation of Islam
    a group of militant Black Americans who profess Islamic religious beliefs and advocate independence for Black Americans
    humanism
    the cultural movement of the Renaissance; based on classical studies
    type of:
    social group
    people sharing some social relation
  9. noun
    a major self-contained part of a symphony or sonata
    “the second movement is slow and melodic”
    see moresee less
    types:
    intermezzo
    a short movement coming between the major sections of a symphony
    scherzo
    a fast movement (usually in triple time)
    type of:
    composition, musical composition, opus, piece, piece of music
    a musical work that has been created
  10. noun
    the driving and regulating parts of a mechanism (as of a watch or clock)
    “it was an expensive watch with a diamond movement
    see moresee less
    type of:
    action, action mechanism
    the operating part that transmits power to a mechanism
  11. noun
    a euphemism for defecation
    synonyms: bm, bowel movement
Word Family