When you change your mind and take back something you said previously, that's a retraction. If a politician says something offensive, he'll sometimes issue a formal retraction later.

When someone needs to withdraw an opinion or backpedal on something they've said (especially publicly), they send out a retraction. A newspaper editor might publish a retraction after a badly reported story is printed, and astronomers who discover a new star might announce a retraction after realizing it was just a smudge on the lens of their telescope. The Latin root is retractionem, "a drawing back."

Definitions of retraction
  1. noun
    a disavowal or taking back of a previous assertion
    synonyms: abjuration, recantation
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    backdown, climb-down, withdrawal
    a retraction of a previously held position
    type of:
    disavowal, disclaimer
    denial of any connection with or knowledge of
  2. noun
    the act of pulling or holding or drawing a part back
    “the retraction of the landing gear”
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    type of:
    motility, motion, move, movement
    a change of position that does not entail a change of location
Word Family

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