To jolt someone is to disturb them or make them jump. A jolt is sudden and jarring.

Jolting disturbs or surprises people. If you surprise someone and they jump up a little, you jolted them. Alarm clocks jolt people out of sleep. A sudden crack of thunder could provide a jolt. The unexpected barking of a dog could jolt you. Jolting is quick and not very pleasant. A jolt jars and stuns you. Some jolts are more serious: crashing your car jolts the people in the car violently.

Definitions of jolt
  1. verb
    move or cause to move with a sudden jerky motion
    synonyms: jar
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    type of:
    move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion
  2. verb
    disturb (someone's) composure
    “The audience was jolted by the play”
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    type of:
    disturb, trouble, upset
    move deeply
  3. noun
    a sudden jarring impact
    “the door closed with a jolt
    synonyms: jar, jounce, shock
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    type of:
    blow, bump
    an impact (as from a collision)
  4. noun
    an abrupt spasmodic movement
    synonyms: jerk, jerking, saccade
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    type of:
    motility, motion, move, movement
    a change of position that does not entail a change of location
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