study

It might seem as if you've gone catatonic, staring at a crack in the sidewalk for so long, but really you're observing it as closely as possible for your study of ant movement.

Study has many different senses related to learning or concentrating. You might make a drawing of something you'll paint later — the drawing's a study. Your boss might ask you to do a study of your office's energy use. As a verb, study is for the work you do in the library, or for the act of really taking something in, the way you study your friend's face to see if she really forgot your birthday or if she's just joking.

Definitions of study
  1. noun
    applying the mind to learning and understanding a subject (especially by reading)
    “no schools offer graduate study in interior design”
    synonyms: work
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    type of:
    acquisition, learning
    the cognitive process of acquiring skill or knowledge
  2. noun
    a branch of knowledge
    “anthropology is the study of human beings”
    synonyms: bailiwick, discipline, field, field of study, subject, subject area, subject field
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    occultism
    the study of the supernatural
    communication theory, communications
    the discipline that studies the principles of transmiting information and the methods by which it is delivered (as print or radio or television etc.)
    major
    the principal field of study of a student at a university
    frontier
    an undeveloped field of study; a topic inviting research and development
    genealogy
    the study or investigation of ancestry and family history
    allometry
    the study of the relative growth of a part of an organism in relation to the growth of the whole
    bibliotics
    the scientific study of documents and handwriting etc. especially to determine authorship or authenticity
    ology
    an informal word (abstracted from words with this ending) for some unidentified branch of knowledge
    science, scientific discipline
    a particular branch of scientific knowledge
    architecture
    the discipline dealing with the principles of design and construction and ornamentation of fine buildings
    applied science, engineering, engineering science, technology
    the discipline dealing with the art or science of applying scientific knowledge to practical problems
    futuristics, futurology
    the study or prediction of future developments on the basis of existing conditions
    arts, humanistic discipline, humanities, liberal arts
    studies intended to provide general knowledge and intellectual skills (rather than occupational or professional skills)
    divinity, theology
    the rational and systematic study of religion and its influences and of the nature of religious truth
    military science
    the discipline dealing with the principles of warfare
    escapology
    the study of methods of escaping (especially as a form of entertainment)
    graphology
    the study of handwriting (especially as an indicator of the writer's character or disposition)
    numerology
    the study of the supposed occult influence of numbers on human affairs
    protology
    the study of origins and first things
    theogony
    the study of the origins and genealogy of the gods
    natural history
    the scientific study of plants or animals (more observational than experimental) usually published in popular magazines rather than in academic journals
    symbology
    the study or the use of symbols and symbolism
    natural science
    the sciences involved in the study of the physical world and its phenomena
    math, mathematics, maths
    a science (or group of related sciences) dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangement
    agronomy, scientific agriculture
    the application of soil and plant sciences to land management and crop production
    agrobiology
    the study of plant nutrition and growth especially as a way to increase crop yield
    agrology
    science of soils in relation to crops
    architectonics, tectonics
    the science of architecture
    landscape architecture
    the branch of architecture dealing with the arrangement of land and buildings for human use and enjoyment
    urban planning
    the branch of architecture dealing with the design and organization of urban space and activities
    interior design
    the branch of architecture dealing with the selection and organization of furnishings for an architectural interior
    metallurgy
    the science and technology of metals
    aeronautical engineering
    the branch of engineering science concerned with the design and construction of aircraft
    bionics
    application of biological principles to the study and design of engineering systems (especially electronic systems)
    bioengineering, biotechnology, ergonomics
    the branch of engineering science in which biological science is used to study the relation between workers and their environments
    chemical engineering
    the branch of engineering that is concerned with the design and construction and operation of the plants and machinery used in industrial chemical processes
    civil engineering
    the branch of engineering concerned with the design and construction of such public works as dams or bridges
    EE, electrical engineering
    the branch of engineering science that studies the uses of electricity and the equipment for power generation and distribution and the control of machines and communication
    computer science, computing
    the branch of engineering science that studies (with the aid of computers) computable processes and structures
    architectural engineering
    the branch of engineering that deals with the construction of buildings (as distinguished from architecture as a design art)
    industrial engineering, industrial management
    the branch of engineering that deals with the creation and management of systems that integrate people and materials and energy in productive ways
    IT, information technology
    the branch of engineering that deals with the use of computers and telecommunications to retrieve and store and transmit information
    mechanical engineering
    the branch of engineering that deals with the design and construction and operation of machinery
    nanotechnology
    the branch of engineering that deals with things smaller than 100 nanometers (especially with the manipulation of individual molecules)
    nuclear engineering
    the branch of engineering concerned with the design and construction and operation of nuclear reactors
    naval engineering
    the branch of engineering that deals with the design and construction and operation of ships
    rocketry
    the branch of engineering science that studies rocket design and operation
    metrology
    the scientific study of measurement
    nutrition
    the scientific study of food and drink (especially in humans)
    psychological science, psychology
    the science of mental life
    IP, informatics, information processing, information science
    the sciences concerned with gathering, manipulating, storing, retrieving, and classifying recorded information
    cognitive science
    the field of science concerned with cognition; includes parts of cognitive psychology and linguistics and computer science and cognitive neuroscience and philosophy of mind
    social science
    the branch of science that studies society and the relationships of individual within a society
    strategics
    the science or art of strategy
    systematics
    the science of systematic classification
    thanatology
    the branch of science that studies death (especially its social and psychological aspects)
    neoclassicism
    revival of a classical style (in art or literature or architecture or music) but from a new perspective or with a new motivation
    classicalism, classicism
    a movement in literature and art during the 17th and 18th centuries in Europe that favored rationality and restraint and strict forms
    Romantic Movement, Romanticism
    a movement in literature and art during the late 18th and early 19th centuries that celebrated nature rather than civilization
    English
    the discipline that studies the English language and literature
    history
    the discipline that records and interprets past events involving human beings
    art history
    the academic discipline that studies the development of painting and sculpture
    chronology
    the determination of the actual temporal sequence of past events
    beaux arts, fine arts
    the study and creation of visual works of art
    performing arts
    arts or skills that require public performance
    Occidentalism
    the scholarly knowledge of western cultures and languages and people
    Oriental Studies, Orientalism
    the scholarly knowledge of Asian cultures and languages and people
    philosophy
    the rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics
    literary study
    the humanistic study of literature
    library science
    the study of the principles and practices of library administration
    linguistics, philology
    the humanistic study of language and literature
    musicology
    the scholarly and scientific study of music
    Sinology
    the study of Chinese history and language and culture
    stemmatics, stemmatology
    the humanistic discipline that attempts to reconstruct the transmission of a text (especially a text in manuscript form) on the basis of relations between the various surviving manuscripts (sometimes using cladistic analysis)
    trivium
    (Middle Ages) an introductory curriculum at a medieval university involving grammar and logic and rhetoric; considered to be a triple way to eloquence
    quadrivium
    (Middle Ages) a higher division of the curriculum in a medieval university involving arithmetic and music and geometry and astronomy
    cryptanalysis, cryptanalytics, cryptography, cryptology
    the science of analyzing and deciphering codes and ciphers and cryptograms
    linguistics
    the scientific study of language
    angelology
    the branch of theology that is concerned with angels
    apologetics
    the branch of theology that is concerned with the defense of Christian doctrines
    ecclesiology
    the branch of theology concerned with the nature and the constitution and the functions of a church
    eschatology
    the branch of theology that is concerned with such final things as death and Last Judgment; Heaven and Hell; the ultimate destiny of humankind
    hermeneutics
    the branch of theology that deals with principles of exegesis
    homiletics
    the branch of theology that deals with sermons and homilies
    liturgics, liturgiology
    the study of liturgies
    theodicy
    the branch of theology that defends God's goodness and justice in the face of the existence of evil
    tactics
    the branch of military science dealing with detailed maneuvers to achieve objectives set by strategy
    strategy
    the branch of military science dealing with military command and the planning and conduct of a war
    aerospace
    the branch of science related to space flight and aviation
    type of:
    domain, knowledge base, knowledge domain
    the content of a particular field of knowledge
  3. noun
    a detailed critical inspection
    synonyms: survey
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    types:
    resurvey
    a new survey or study
    type of:
    examination, scrutiny
    the act of examining something closely (as for mistakes)
  4. noun
    attentive consideration and meditation
    synonyms: cogitation
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    types:
    lucubration
    laborious cogitation
    type of:
    contemplation, musing, reflection, reflexion, rumination, thoughtfulness
    a calm, lengthy, intent consideration
  5. noun
    a state of deep mental absorption
    “she is in a deep study
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    type of:
    absorption, concentration, engrossment, immersion
    complete attention; intense mental effort
  6. verb
    consider in detail and subject to an analysis in order to discover essential features or meaning
    synonyms: analyse, analyze, canvas, canvass, delve, examine, parse
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    types:
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    anatomise, anatomize
    analyze down to the smallest detail
    diagnose, name
    determine or distinguish the nature of a problem or an illness through a diagnostic analysis
    diagnose
    subject to a medical analysis
    appraise, survey
    consider in a comprehensive way
    survey
    make a survey of; for statistical purposes
    compare
    examine and note the similarities or differences of
    check, check into, check out, check over, check up on, go over, look into, suss out
    examine so as to determine accuracy, quality, or condition
    assay
    analyze (chemical substances)
    reexamine, review
    look at again; examine again
    audit, inspect, scrutinise, scrutinize
    examine carefully for accuracy with the intent of verification
    screen
    examine methodically
    follow, trace
    follow, discover, or ascertain the course of development of something
    investigate, look into
    investigate scientifically
    sieve, sift
    check and sort carefully
    consider, look at, view
    look at carefully; study mentally
    process
    analyze or examine so as to come to terms with
    explore
    examine (organs) for diagnostic purposes
    explore
    examine minutely
    delve, explore, research, search
    inquire into
    explore
    travel to or penetrate into
    analogise, analogize
    make an analogy
    collate
    compare critically; of texts
    bioassay
    subject to a bio-assay
    examine, probe
    question or examine thoroughly and closely
    research
    attempt to find out in a systematic and scientific manner
    contemplate
    look at thoughtfully; observe deep in thought
    groak
    look or stare at longingly
    canvas, canvass, poll
    get the opinions (of people) by asking specific questions
    follow, keep an eye on, observe, watch, watch over
    follow with the eyes or the mind
    experiment
    conduct a test or investigation
  7. verb
    give careful consideration to
    synonyms: consider
    consider, debate, deliberate, moot, turn over
    think about carefully; weigh
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    factor, factor in, factor out
    consider as relevant when making a decision
    compare, equate, liken
    consider or describe as similar, equal, or analogous
    type of:
    chew over, contemplate, excogitate, meditate, mull, mull over, muse, ponder, reflect, ruminate, speculate, think over
    reflect deeply on a subject
  8. verb
    think intently and at length, as for spiritual purposes
    synonyms: contemplate, meditate
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    type of:
    cerebrate, cogitate, think
    use or exercise the mind or one's power of reason in order to make inferences, decisions, or arrive at a solution or judgments
  9. verb
    be a student; follow a course of study; be enrolled at an institute of learning
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    types:
    major
    have as one's principal field of study
  10. verb
    be a student of a certain subject
    synonyms: learn, read, take
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    audit
    attend academic courses without getting credit
    prepare, train
    undergo training or instruction in preparation for a particular role, function, or profession
    drill, exercise, practice, practise
    learn by repetition
    apprentice
    be or work as an apprentice
    retrain
    train again
    drill
    undergo military training or do military exercises
  11. verb
    apply oneself to learning or reviewing a subject, especially by reading books
    “He is studying geology in his room”
    synonyms: hit the books
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    types:
    con, learn, memorise, memorize
    commit to memory; learn by heart
    bone, bone up, cram, drum, get up, grind away, mug up, swot, swot up
    study intensively, as before an exam
    alternate, understudy
    be an understudy or alternate for a role
    type of:
    acquire, larn, learn
    gain knowledge or skills
  12. noun
    a room used for reading and writing and studying
    “he knocked lightly on the closed door of the study
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    type of:
    room
    an area within a building enclosed by walls and floor and ceiling
  13. noun
    a written document describing the findings of some individual or group
    “this accords with the recent study by Hill and Dale”
    synonyms: report, written report
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    assay
    a written report of the results of an analysis of the composition of some substance
    case study
    a careful study of some social unit (as a corporation or division within a corporation) that attempts to determine what factors led to its success or failure
    white book, white paper
    a government report; bound in white
    blue book
    a report published by the British government; bound in blue
    green paper
    a preliminary report of government proposals that is published in order to stimulate discussion
    progress report
    a report of work accomplished during a specified time period
    position paper
    a report that explains or justifies or recommends some particular policy
    medical report
    a report of the results of a medical examination of a patient
    type of:
    document, papers, written document
    writing that provides information (especially information of an official nature)
  14. noun
    preliminary drawing for later elaboration
    “he made several studies before starting to paint”
    synonyms: sketch
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    types:
    design
    a preliminary sketch indicating the plan for something
    draft, rough drawing
    a preliminary sketch of a design or picture
    vignette
    a small illustrative sketch (as sometimes placed at the beginning of chapters in books)
    type of:
    drawing
    a representation of forms or objects on a surface by means of lines
  15. noun
    a composition intended to develop one aspect of the performer's technique
    “a study in spiccato bowing”
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    type of:
    composition, musical composition, opus, piece, piece of music
    a musical work that has been created
  16. noun
    someone who memorizes quickly and easily (as the lines for a part in a play)
    “he is a quick study
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    type of:
    memoriser, memorizer
    a person who learns by rote
Word Family