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philology

Philology means the study of language. Not learning specific languages per se, but grammar and history, and how sounds and meanings change over time.

If you study philology, you don't need anyone to tell you that the word philology comes from the Greek philologia "love of learning." It's one of the words ending in -logy, which means "study." Think biology (life), archaeology (ancient things), psychology (the mind), sociology (society).

Definitions of philology
  1. noun
    the humanistic study of language and literature
    synonyms: linguistics
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    types:
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    dialectology
    the branch of philology that is devoted to the study of dialects
    lexicology
    the branch of linguistics that studies the lexical component of language
    onomastics
    the branch of lexicology that studies the forms and origins of proper names
    toponomy, toponymy
    the branch of lexicology that studies the place names of a region or a language
    type of:
    arts, humanistic discipline, humanities, liberal arts
    studies intended to provide general knowledge and intellectual skills (rather than occupational or professional skills)
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