Power Suffixes: -ology

Derived from the Greek suffix -logia, the suffix -ology in English means "the science of or the study of."
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definitions & notes only words
  1. anthology
    a collection of selected literary passages
    It's always just a line or two that I found from some poem in the gigantic poetry anthology my sophomore English teacher taught from.Will Grayson, Will Grayson
  2. anthropology
    science of the origins and social relationships of humans
    Treuer grew up on the Leech Lake Reservation in northern Minnesota, part of the Ojibwe tribe, and then pursued a doctorate in anthropology, with an emphasis on past and present native life.Washington Post (Dec 31, 2018)
  3. archaeology
    the branch of anthropology that studies prehistoric people
    “It wasn’t until we discovered this wreck that we realised Herodotus was right,” said Dr Damian Robinson, director of Oxford University’s centre for maritime archaeology, which is publishing the excavation’s findings.The Guardian (Mar 17, 2019)
  4. biology
    the science that studies living organisms
    "Originally, at the start of year 12, I chose biology and chemistry because I wanted to do medicine," said Zoe.BBC (Aug 12, 2019)
  5. ecology
    study of the relations of organisms to their environment
    “Therefore, there is an urgent need to study the ecology, distribution, and conservation status of this rare and very beautiful genus.”Fox News (Jul 23, 2019)
  6. entomology
    the branch of zoology that studies insects
    “The study of insects is called ‘ entomology,’” Mrs. V said.Out of My Mind
  7. eschatology
    the branch of theology that is concerned with final things
    What there is, apparently, is advanced-placement classes in eschatology, because Grizz is able to translate the graffitied words, an Aramaic phrase from the apocalyptic Book of Daniel: “The writing’s on the wall.”The New Yorker (May 22, 2019)
  8. etiology
    the cause of a disease
    The paper described the condition as “a real syndrome of uncertain etiology,” or cause.Reuters (Aug 24, 2017)
  9. etymology
    a history of a word
    The OED lists its etymology as “uncertain,” but it was apparently coined early in World War II by someone in the Royal Air Force.Washington Post (Dec 8, 2018)
  10. geology
    science of the history of the earth as recorded in rocks
    Since the earth is made up mostly of rocks, geology is mostly the study of rocks.Flying to the Moon: An Astronaut's Story
  11. ideology
    an orientation that characterizes the thinking of a group
    This, Winston was aware, was not meant altogether seriously, but somehow it fitted in with the general ideology of the Party.1984
  12. meteorology
    the earth science dealing with phenomena of the atmosphere
    And this is the great principle on which the science of meteorology rests, not only as to winds, but as to weather changes.M'Pherson, J. G.
  13. methodology
    the techniques followed in a particular discipline
    North Lanarkshire Council questioned the methodology used to conduct the tests and said it was important to wait for the outcome of the review.BBC (Aug 6, 2019)
  14. philology
    the humanistic study of language and literature
    Based on its preoccupation with matters linguistic and literary— in short, on philology—we might regard the Museum as the world’s first department of classics.Circumference
  15. physiology
    the science dealing with the functioning of organisms
    Anatomy made clear the machinery: physiology the work which it did, and the conditions under which the work was done.Clodd, Edward
  16. sociology
    the study and classification of human societies
    “This society is unforgiving, relentless, and the competition is constant,” Andrew Eungi Kim, a sociology professor at Korea University, one of the country’s most elite schools, told me.Escape from Camp 14: One Man's Remarkable Odyssey from North Korea to Freedom in the West
  17. tautology
    useless repetition
    “A tautology is a repetition of the same sense in different words,” he said.The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian
  18. terminology
    a system of words used to name things in a discipline
    My Oxford dictionary defines “jargon” as “difficult to understand” terminology used by a progression or group.Los Angeles Times (Aug 12, 2019)
  19. theology
    the rational and systematic study of religion
    With the lay staff gone and only three elderly priests left on the faculty, education at St. Vincent de Paul Academy consisted mostly of theology, Latin, and church history.The Dead and the Gone
  20. zoology
    the branch of biology that studies animals
    The 23-week course includes weekly zoology lectures and behind-the-scenes visits to the animal exhibits.Los Angeles Times (Jul 4, 2019)
Created on August 16, 2019 (updated August 16, 2019)

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