anthropology

Anthropology is the scientific study of the origins of humans, how we have changed over the years, and how we relate to each other, both within our own culture and with people from other cultures.

Anthrōpos is the Greek word for “human being,” and the suffix -logy means “the study of.” The study of human beings, that’s anthropology. Indigenous tribes in Australia, Brazilian coffee farmers, political activists in Iran, a second grade class in Missoula, Montana; these are all groups of people you might study if you were into anthropology. Every culture has its own particular rituals, behaviors, and lifestyles, and people in the field of anthropology document the many varieties of human experience.

Definitions of anthropology
1

n the social science that studies the origins and social relationships of human beings

Types:
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archaeology, archeology
the branch of anthropology that studies prehistoric people and their cultures
descriptive anthropology, ethnography
the branch of anthropology that provides scientific description of individual human societies
ethnology
the branch of anthropology that deals with the division of humankind into races and with their origins and distribution and distinctive characteristics
physical anthropology
the branch of anthropology dealing with the genesis and variation of human beings
cultural anthropology, social anthropology
the branch of anthropology that deals with human culture and society
Assyriology
archeology of the ancient Assyrians
Egyptology
archeology of ancient Egyptian artifacts
Sumerology
the archeology of ancient Sumerians
marine archaeology, marine archeology, underwater archaeology, underwater archeology
the archeology of underwater sites
palaeoclimatology, paleoclimatology
the study of the climate of past ages
palaeogeography, paleogeography
the study of the geography of ancient times or ancient epochs
paleography
the study of ancient forms of writing (and the deciphering of them)
palaeopathology, paleopathology
the study of disease of former times (as inferred from fossil evidence)
palaetiology, paletiology
the explanation of past events in terms of scientific causes (as geological causes)
palaeology, paleology
the study of (especially prehistoric) antiquities
protoanthropology, protohistory
the study humans prior to the invention of writing
palaeoethnography, paleoethnography
the ethnography of paleolithic humans
craniometry
the branch of physical anthropology dealing with the study and measurement of dry skulls after removal of its soft parts
garbology
the study of a society by analyzing its garbage
mythology
the study of myths
ritualism
the study of religious or magical rites and ceremonies
Type of:
social science
the branch of science that studies society and the relationships of individual within a society

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