We the People: Anthropos

Work your way through these lists focused on Greek and Latin roots representing people and the social units they form: genus, ethnos, demos, populus, socius, civis, anthropos

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definitions & notes only words
  1. anthropology
    science of the origins and social relationships of humans
    Humor and comedy are huge and complex topics closely associated with epistemology, anthropology, sociology, medicine, and even philosophy.Time (Oct 5, 2015)
    anthropos (human) + logy (suffix forming names of sciences)
    Philosophy is defined as "the rational investigation of existence and knowledge" while epistemology is "the philosophical theory of knowledge." Knowing who we are, what we know, and how we relate to each other and society can help us to develop humorous perspectives that can boost our immune system with laughter. This is why, according to the article, a historian can seriously write about a funny topic.
  2. anthropomorphism
    the representation of objects as having human form
    If the science of animal behavior had an official curse word, it would be “ anthropomorphism.”Time (Jul 23, 2014)
    anthropos (human) + morphe (form) + ism (suffix forming nouns about practices, systems, doctrines)
    The larger article contradicts the example sentence by highlighting a study that suggests dogs can get jealous. Attributing human emotions to animals can convince us to treat them better. This might contrast with the anthropomorphism of gods (the original application of the noun), which could make them seem less worthy of worship.
  3. anthropomorphic
    suggesting human features for animals or inanimate things
    We have complicated, irrational, romanticized relationships with our cars, anthropomorphic tendencies and magical thinking connected to a hulk of glass and metal.Washington Post (Jul 1, 2015)
    anthropos (human) + morphe (form) + ic (suffix forming adjectives)
    "Anthropomorphic" and "anthropomorphous" are synonyms, but the former seems to be more frequently used now to humanize everything, while the latter was used by the 19th century naturalist Darwin to describe gorillas, chimpanzees, and orangutans.
  4. anthropoid
    resembling human beings
    Humans first emerged in Africa, but our anthropoid ancestors didn’t arrive there until about 38 million years ago.Time (Jun 5, 2013)
    anthropos (human) + eidos (form)
    Their roots and definitions are similar, but the main difference between "anthropomorphic" and "anthropoid" is in control: we often make something anthropomorphic, but something either is or isn't anthropoid. The example sentence uses "anthropoid" as an objective adjective, but as a noun, it can have a derogatory tone towards "a person who resembles a nonhuman primate."
  5. anthropic
    relating to mankind or the period of mankind's existence
    The “ Anthropic Principle” may not matter to a generation raised on Reality TV.Forbes (Jun 30, 2013)
    anthropos (human) + ic (suffix forming adjectives)
    The "anthropic principle" is a philosophical idea that contrasts with the theory of everything and meshes with the theory of intelligent design: we are able to observe the laws of the universe because the universe was created within parameters that allow for such observations. This puts the human observer in a privileged place in the universe.
  6. anthropocentric
    Because personhood has always been associated with intelligence, a less anthropocentric definition of intelligence yields a slightly reconfigured understanding of personhood as well.Salon (Jun 27, 2015)
    anthropos (human) + centric (suffix meaning "centered on")
    According to the article, a less anthropocentric definition of intelligence might lead to the conclusion that orca whales are persons too. Orca whales have big brains, which enable them to communicate, recognize, establish long-lasting and complex social bonds, learn, solve problems, and experience a range of emotions. These similarities to people can lead to the assumption that they deserve more respect and rights.
  7. anthropometry
    measurement and study of the human body and its parts and capacities
    The study of the skeletons of animals, including those of man, has led to the science of anthropometry.Blackmar, Frank W. (Frank Wilson)
    anthropos (human) + metry (suffix meaning "process of measuring")
    One conclusion of anthropometric studies is that populations with ancestors from cold climates tend to have larger bodies with shorter, stubbier limbs. Commercially, anthropometry helps designers to optimize the dimensions of clothes, furniture, and architecture.
  8. philanthropist
    someone who makes charitable donations
    The nexus between government and business to address global challenges requires collaboration with the international donor community, philanthropists, and local nongovernmental organizations through shared purpose.Time (Sep 29, 2015)
    philos (dear, friend) + anthropos (human) + ist (suffix forming nouns)
    The Latin verb "donare" means "to give as a gift" and the adjective "carus" means "dear, valued." As the example sentence suggests, philanthropists and donors are not always the same: while they both give, a philanthropist, as the roots and definition suggest, should give out of friendly and charitable feelings that value humans.
  9. anthropophagy
    human cannibalism; the eating of human flesh
    Anthropophagy routinely emerges, says Petrinovich, under predictable starvation conditions, and such examples of human cannibalism are not as rare as many people believe.Slate (Dec 16, 2010)
    anthropos (human) + phagein (to eat)
    Another reason for anthropophagy is the belief that the flesh contains characteristics of the dead person; thus, it can be a ritual to respect a loved one or to further defeat an enemy. The synonymous "cannibalism" is rooted in a more negative judgment to justify colonization: it comes from the Spanish word for "savage" and from Columbus's confusion of Caribbean natives with the Asian subjects of Khan.
  10. misanthrope
    someone who dislikes people in general
    Ever wondered why Homer Simpson works in a nuclear plant owned by a greedy misanthrope?Time (Mar 18, 2011)
    misos (hatred) + anthropos (human)
    The answer to the question is connected to the timing of the creation of the animated sitcom. Debuting within a decade after the 1979 partial meltdown of the reactor on Pennsylvania's Three Mile Island, it reflected the American fears of radiation from nuclear energy plants. Thus, only someone who hates people would delight in making money from something so potentially dangerous.

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