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science

Science is the field of study concerned with discovering and describing the world around us by observing and experimenting. Biology, chemistry, and physics are all branches of science.

Science is an "empirical" field, that is, it develops a body of knowledge by observing things and performing experiments. The meticulous process of gathering and analyzing data is called the "scientific method," and we sometimes use science to describe the knowledge we already have. Science is also what's involved in the performance of something complicated: "the science of making a perfect soufflé."

Definitions of science
  1. noun
    a branch of study or knowledge involving the observation, investigation, and discovery of general laws or truths that can be tested systematically
  2. noun
    the sciences involved in the study of the physical world and its phenomena
    synonyms: natural science
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    types:
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    bioscience, life science
    any of the branches of natural science dealing with the structure and behavior of living organisms
    chemical science, chemistry
    the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions
    natural philosophy, physics
    the science of matter and energy and their interactions
    physical science, physics
    the physical properties, phenomena, and laws of something
    earth science
    any of the sciences that deal with the earth or its parts
    cosmography
    the science that maps the general features of the universe; describes both heaven and earth (but without encroaching on geography or astronomy)
    biological science, biology
    the science that studies living organisms
    biomedical science
    the application of the principles of the natural sciences to medicine
    biometrics, biometry, biostatistics
    a branch of biology that studies biological phenomena and observations by means of statistical analysis
    craniology
    the scientific study of the skulls of various human races
    dermatoglyphics
    the study of the whorls and loops and arches in the fingertips and on the palms of the hand and the soles of the feet
    dietetics
    the scientific study of food preparation and intake
    eugenics
    the study of methods of improving genetic qualities by selective breeding (especially as applied to human mating)
    cacogenics, dysgenics
    the study of the operation of factors causing degeneration in the type of offspring produced
    euthenics
    the study of methods of improving human well-being and efficient functioning by improving environmental conditions
    medical science
    the science of dealing with the maintenance of health and the prevention and treatment of disease
    chemoimmunology, immunochemistry
    the field of chemistry concerned with chemical processes in immunology (such as chemical studies of antigens and antibodies)
    fossilology, palaeontology, paleontology
    the earth science that studies fossil organisms and related remains
    organic chemistry
    the chemistry of compounds containing carbon (originally defined as the chemistry of substances produced by living organisms but now extended to substances synthesized artificially)
    inorganic chemistry
    the chemistry of compounds that do not contain hydrocarbon radicals
    physical chemistry
    the branch of chemistry dealing with the physical properties of chemical substances
    electrochemistry
    branch of chemistry that deals with the chemical action of electricity and the production of electricity by chemical reactions
    femtochemistry
    the branch of chemistry that studies elementary (often very fast) chemical reactions as they occur; the experimental methods are often based on the use of femtosecond laser pulses
    geochemistry
    the chemistry of the earth's crust
    photochemistry
    branch of chemistry that deals with the chemical action of light
    nuclear chemistry, radiochemistry
    the chemistry of radioactive substances
    surface chemistry
    the branch of chemistry that studies processes occurring at interfaces between phases (especially those between liquid and gas)
    acoustics, phonics
    the study of the physical properties of sound
    astronomy, uranology
    the branch of physics that studies celestial bodies and the universe as a whole
    aeronautics, astronautics
    the theory and practice of navigation through air or space
    biophysics
    physics as applied to biological problems
    cryogenics, cryogeny
    the branch of physics that studies the phenomena that occur at very low temperatures
    crystallography
    the branch of science that studies the formation and structure of crystals
    electromagnetics, electromagnetism
    the branch of physics concerned with electromagnetic phenomena
    electronics
    the branch of physics that deals with the emission and effects of electrons and with the use of electronic devices
    electrostatics
    the branch of physics that deals with static electricity
    mechanics
    the branch of physics concerned with the motion of bodies in a frame of reference
    atomic physics, nuclear physics, nucleonics
    the branch of physics that studies the internal structure of atomic nuclei
    optics
    the branch of physics that studies the physical properties of light
    high energy physics, high-energy physics, particle physics
    the branch of physics that studies subatomic particles and their interactions
    plasma physics
    the branch of physics concerned with matter in its plasma phase
    quantum physics
    the branch of physics based on quantum theory
    rheology
    the branch of physics that studies the deformation and flow of matter
    thermochemistry
    the branch of chemistry that studies the relation between chemical action and the amount of heat absorbed or generated
    solid-state physics
    the branch of physics that studies the properties of materials in the solid state: electrical conduction in crystals of semiconductors and metals; superconductivity; photoconductivity
    statistical mechanics
    the branch of physics that makes theoretical predictions about the behavior of macroscopic systems on the basis of statistical laws governing its component particles
    thermodynamics
    the branch of physics concerned with the conversion of different forms of energy
    geology
    a science that deals with the history of the earth as recorded in rocks
    meteorology
    the earth science dealing with phenomena of the atmosphere (especially weather)
    oceanography, oceanology
    the branch of science dealing with physical and biological aspects of the oceans
    limnology
    the scientific study of bodies of fresh water for their biological and physical and geological properties
    geographics, geography
    study of the earth's surface; includes people's responses to topography and climate and soil and vegetation
    type of:
    scientific discipline
    a particular branch of scientific knowledge
  3. noun
    a particular branch of scientific knowledge
    “the science of genetics”
    synonyms: scientific discipline
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    natural history
    the scientific study of plants or animals (more observational than experimental) usually published in popular magazines rather than in academic journals
    natural science
    the sciences involved in the study of the physical world and its phenomena
    math, mathematics, maths
    a science (or group of related sciences) dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangement
    agronomy, scientific agriculture
    the application of soil and plant sciences to land management and crop production
    agrobiology
    the study of plant nutrition and growth especially as a way to increase crop yield
    agrology
    science of soils in relation to crops
    architectonics, tectonics
    the science of architecture
    metallurgy
    the science and technology of metals
    metrology
    the scientific study of measurement
    nutrition
    the scientific study of food and drink (especially in humans)
    psychological science, psychology
    the science of mental life
    IP, informatics, information processing, information science
    the sciences concerned with gathering, manipulating, storing, retrieving, and classifying recorded information
    cognitive science
    the field of science concerned with cognition; includes parts of cognitive psychology and linguistics and computer science and cognitive neuroscience and philosophy of mind
    social science
    the branch of science that studies society and the relationships of individual within a society
    strategics
    the science or art of strategy
    systematics
    the science of systematic classification
    thanatology
    the branch of science that studies death (especially its social and psychological aspects)
    cryptanalysis, cryptanalytics, cryptography, cryptology
    the science of analyzing and deciphering codes and ciphers and cryptograms
    linguistics
    the scientific study of language
    aerospace
    the branch of science related to space flight and aviation
    pure mathematics
    the branches of mathematics that study and develop the principles of mathematics for their own sake rather than for their immediate usefulness
    applied math, applied mathematics
    the branches of mathematics that are involved in the study of the physical or biological or sociological world
    bioscience, life science
    any of the branches of natural science dealing with the structure and behavior of living organisms
    chemical science, chemistry
    the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions
    natural philosophy, physics
    the science of matter and energy and their interactions
    physical science, physics
    the physical properties, phenomena, and laws of something
    aeronautics, astronautics
    the theory and practice of navigation through air or space
    earth science
    any of the sciences that deal with the earth or its parts
    cosmography
    the science that maps the general features of the universe; describes both heaven and earth (but without encroaching on geography or astronomy)
    powder metallurgy
    the metallurgy of powdered metals; how to produce solid metal objects from powdered metal by compaction and sintering
    abnormal psychology, psychopathology
    the branch of psychology concerned with abnormal behavior
    applied psychology, industrial psychology
    any of several branches of psychology that seek to apply psychological principles to practical problems of education or industry or marketing etc.
    cognitive psychology
    an approach to psychology that emphasizes internal mental processes
    animal psychology, comparative psychology
    the branch of psychology concerned with the behavior of animals
    child psychology, developmental psychology, genetic psychology
    the branch of psychology that studies the social and mental development of children
    differential psychology
    the branch of psychology that studies measurable differences between individuals
    experimental psychology, psychonomics
    the branch of psychology that uses experimental methods to study psychological issues
    neuropsychology, physiological psychology, psychophysiology
    the branch of psychology that is concerned with the physiological bases of psychological processes
    psychometrics, psychometrika, psychometry
    any branch of psychology concerned with psychological measurements
    social psychology
    the branch of psychology that studies persons and their relationships with others and with groups and with society as a whole
    NLP, human language technology, natural language processing
    the branch of information science that deals with natural language information
    cybernetics
    (biology) the field of science concerned with processes of communication and control (especially the comparison of these processes in biological and artificial systems)
    civics
    the social science of municipal affairs
    anthropology
    the social science that studies the origins and social relationships of human beings
    government, political science, politics
    the study of government of states and other political units
    domestic science, home ec, home economics, household arts
    theory and practice of homemaking
    economic science, economics, political economy
    the branch of social science that deals with the production and distribution and consumption of goods and services and their management
    proxemics
    the study of spatial distances between individuals in different cultures and situations
    sociology
    the study and classification of human societies
    biosystematics, biosystematy
    use of data (e.g. cytogenetic or biochemical) to assess taxonomic relations especially within an evolutionary framework
    taxonomy
    (biology) study of the general principles of scientific classification
    computational linguistics
    the use of computers for linguistic research and applications
    dialect geography, linguistic geography
    the study of the geographical distribution of linguistic features
    etymology
    the study of the sources and development of words
    diachronic linguistics, diachrony, historical linguistics
    the study of linguistic change
    neurolinguistics
    the branch of linguistics that studies the relation between language and the structure and function of the nervous system
    pragmatics
    the study of language use
    semantics
    the study of language meaning
    sociolinguistics
    the study of language in relation to its sociocultural context
    structural linguistics, structuralism
    linguistics defined as the analysis of formal structures in a text or discourse
    synchronic linguistics
    the study of a language without reference to its historical context
    descriptive linguistics
    a description (at a given point in time) of a language with respect to its phonology and morphology and syntax and semantics without value judgments
    prescriptive linguistics
    an account of how a language should be used instead of how it is actually used; a prescription for the `correct' phonology and morphology and syntax and semantics
    type of:
    bailiwick, discipline, field, field of study, study, subject, subject area, subject field
    a branch of knowledge
  4. noun
    a systematic method or organized body of knowledge relating to some topic or field
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    type of:
    domain, knowledge base, knowledge domain
    the content of a particular field of knowledge
  5. noun
    ability to produce solutions in some problem domain
    “the sweet science of pugilism”
    synonyms: skill
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    types:
    nose
    a natural skill
    virtuosity
    technical skill or fluency or style exhibited by a virtuoso
    bravura
    brilliant and showy technical skill
    type of:
    ability, power
    possession of the qualities (especially mental qualities) required to do something or get something done
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