# mathematics

### /mæθəˈmætɪks/

Mathematics is the long word for "math," or the science of numbers and shapes and what they mean. Most people need mathematics everyday to count and measure.

Mathematics is technically a plural noun — geometry, algebra, calculus: all of these are mathematics — but usually it is treated as singular. That's why a person says, mathematics is my favorite subjects, not mathematics are my favorite subject. The word mathematics comes from the Greek word manthanein, meaning "to learn."

Definitions of mathematics
1. noun
a science (or group of related sciences) dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangement
synonyms:
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types:
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pure mathematics
the branches of mathematics that study and develop the principles of mathematics for their own sake rather than for their immediate usefulness
applied math, applied mathematics
the branches of mathematics that are involved in the study of the physical or biological or sociological world
arithmetic
the branch of pure mathematics dealing with the theory of numerical calculations
geometry
the pure mathematics of points and lines and curves and surfaces
numerical analysis
(mathematics) the branch of mathematics that studies algorithms for approximating solutions to problems in the infinitesimal calculus
trig, trigonometry
the mathematics of triangles and trigonometric functions
algebra
the mathematics of generalized arithmetical operations
calculus, infinitesimal calculus
the branch of mathematics that is concerned with limits and with the differentiation and integration of functions
set theory
the branch of pure mathematics that deals with the nature and relations of sets
group theory
the branch of mathematics dealing with groups
analysis situs, topology
the branch of pure mathematics that deals only with the properties of a figure X that hold for every figure into which X can be transformed with a one-to-one correspondence that is continuous in both directions
metamathematics
the logical analysis of mathematical reasoning
linear programming
a mathematical technique used in economics; finds the maximum or minimum of linear functions in many variables subject to constraints
statistics
a branch of applied mathematics concerned with the collection and interpretation of quantitative data and the use of probability theory to estimate population parameters
probability theory, theory of probability
the branch of applied mathematics that deals with probabilities
type of:
science, scientific discipline
a particular branch of scientific knowledge
Pronunciation
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UK

### /mæθəˈmætɪks/

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