Topology is a kind of math — it's the study of shapes that can be stretched and moved while points on the shape continue to stay close to each other
In the branch of geometry known as topology, two objects are equivalent if you can make them resemble each other by stretching, bending, or twisting them. This makes sense if you imagine two rubber bands: you can manipulate them into squares or ovals, and they are still the same. In computer science, topology refers to the way elements of a network are arranged. And in the 1650s, topology was the study of "the location where plants are found."