anatomy

If you're studying anatomy you're studying animals’ bodies and you're probably dissecting them, too. You might study the anatomy of a pig to see how it relates to human anatomy. You’ll find that only one of them has a snout.

Ever heard of Gray's Anatomy — not the TV show, but the 1858 medical textbook by Henry Gray? It’s been revised many times, but it’s still the standard text, with detailed descriptions of the parts of the human body. The word anatomy can apply to anything you're analyzing in detail. If you're writing an anatomy of your piano, you'll describe the parts and how they work. Anatomy goes back to the Greek roots ana, meaning "up," and temnein "to cut."

Definitions of anatomy
  1. noun
    the branch of morphology that deals with the structure of animals
    synonyms: general anatomy
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    types:
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    applied anatomy, clinical anatomy
    the practical application of anatomical knowledge to diagnosis and treatment
    comparative anatomy
    the study of anatomical features of animals of different species
    developmental anatomy
    the branch of anatomy that studies structural changes of an individual from fertilization to maturity
    functional anatomy, morphophysiology, physiological anatomy
    the study of anatomy in its relation to function
    gross anatomy, macroscopic anatomy
    the study of the structure of the body and its parts without the use of a microscope
    microscopic anatomy
    the study of microscopic structures of tissues and organs
    neuroanatomy
    the anatomy of the nervous system
    osteology
    the branch of anatomy that studies the bones of the vertebrate skeleton
    regional anatomy, topographic anatomy, topology
    the study of anatomy based on regions or divisions of the body and emphasizing the relations between various structures (muscles and nerves and arteries etc.) in that region
    dental anatomy
    the branch of gross anatomy concerning with the morphology of teeth
    cytology
    the branch of biology that studies the structure and function of cells
    histology
    the branch of biology that studies the microscopic structure of animal or plant tissues
    type of:
    morphology
    the branch of biology that deals with the structure of animals and plants
  2. noun
    alternative names for the body of a human being
    synonyms: bod, build, chassis, figure, flesh, form, frame, human body, material body, physical body, physique, shape, soma
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    person
    a human body (usually including the clothing)
    juvenile body
    the body of a young person
    adult body
    the body of an adult human being
    male body
    the body of a male human being
    female body
    the body of a female human being
    child's body
    the body of a human child
    adult female body, woman's body
    the body of an adult woman
    adult male body, man's body
    the body of an adult man
    type of:
    body, organic structure, physical structure
    the entire structure of an organism (an animal, plant, or human being)
  3. noun
    a detailed analysis
    “he studied the anatomy of crimes”
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    type of:
    analysis
    an investigation of the component parts of a whole and their relations in making up the whole
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