morphology

Morphology is the study of how things are put together, like the make-up of animals and plants, or the branch of linguistics that studies the structure of words.

In morphology, the word part morph- means "form" and -ology means "the study of." So, those who study how something is made or formed are engaged in morphology. In biology, the morphology of fish might investigate how the gills work as part of the respiratory system. In language morphology, you might study how prefixes and suffixes added to a word change its meaning.

Definitions of morphology
  1. noun
    the branch of biology that deals with the structure of animals and plants
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    types:
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    anatomy, general anatomy
    the branch of morphology that deals with the structure of animals
    applied anatomy, clinical anatomy
    the practical application of anatomical knowledge to diagnosis and treatment
    comparative anatomy
    the study of anatomical features of animals of different species
    developmental anatomy
    the branch of anatomy that studies structural changes of an individual from fertilization to maturity
    functional anatomy, morphophysiology, physiological anatomy
    the study of anatomy in its relation to function
    gross anatomy, macroscopic anatomy
    the study of the structure of the body and its parts without the use of a microscope
    microscopic anatomy
    the study of microscopic structures of tissues and organs
    neuroanatomy
    the anatomy of the nervous system
    osteology
    the branch of anatomy that studies the bones of the vertebrate skeleton
    regional anatomy, topographic anatomy, topology
    the study of anatomy based on regions or divisions of the body and emphasizing the relations between various structures (muscles and nerves and arteries etc.) in that region
    type of:
    biological science, biology
    the science that studies living organisms
  2. noun
    studies of the rules for forming admissible words
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    types:
    accidence, inflectional morphology
    the part of grammar that deals with the inflections of words
    derivational morphology
    the part of grammar that deals with the derivations of words
    compound morphology
    the part of grammar that deals with combinations of simple words into compound words
    type of:
    grammar
    the branch of linguistics that deals with syntax and morphology (and sometimes also deals with semantics)
  3. noun
    the admissible arrangement of sounds in words
    synonyms: sound structure, syllable structure, word structure
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    types:
    affixation
    the result of adding an affix to a root word
    type of:
    structure
    the complex composition of knowledge as elements and their combinations
  4. noun
    the branch of geology that studies the characteristics and configuration and evolution of rocks and land forms
    synonyms: geomorphology
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    types:
    plate tectonic theory, plate tectonics, tectonics
    the branch of geology studying the folding and faulting of the earth's crust
    lithology, petrology
    the branch of geology that studies rocks: their origin and formation and mineral composition and classification
    type of:
    geophysical science, geophysics
    geology that uses physical principles to study properties of the earth
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