Use the noun analysis to refer to the way you understand something by looking at it in different ways and studying its different parts.

Analysis is a noun that is used in many ways and by many fields. It makes sense, since it is "a method of studying the nature of something or of determining its essential features and their relations," which means everyone does it at some point. In fact, every time you solve a problem you use analysis. Analysis is also shorthand for psychoanalysis, used for understanding psychological and mental processes.

Definitions of analysis
  1. noun
    the abstract separation of a whole into its constituent parts in order to study the parts and their relations
    synonyms: analytic thinking
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    synthesis, synthetic thinking
    the combination of ideas into a complex whole
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    breakdown, partitioning
    an analysis into mutually exclusive categories
    cost-benefit analysis
    an analysis of the cost effectiveness of different alternatives in order to see whether the benefits outweigh the costs
    a minute and critical analysis
    elimination, reasoning by elimination
    analysis of a problem into alternative possibilities followed by the systematic rejection of unacceptable alternatives
    the analysis of complex things into simpler constituents
    systems analysis
    analysis of all aspects of a project along with ways to collect information about the operation of its parts
    trend analysis
    analysis of changes over time
    resolution, resolving
    analysis into clear-cut components
    type of:
    abstract thought, logical thinking, reasoning
    thinking that is coherent and logical
  2. noun
    an investigation of the component parts of a whole and their relations in making up the whole
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    a detailed analysis
    case study
    a detailed analysis of a person or group from a social or psychological or medical point of view
    chemical analysis, qualitative analysis
    the act of decomposing a substance into its constituent elements
    cost analysis
    breaking down the costs of some operation and reporting on each factor separately
    detailed critical analysis or examination one part at a time (as of a literary work)
    fundamental analysis, fundamentals analysis
    (stock exchange) the use of fundamentals as an investment strategy
    technical analysis, technical analysis of stock trends
    (stock exchange) analysis of past price changes in the hope of forecasting future price changes
    uranalysis, urinalysis
    (medicine) the chemical analysis of urine (for medical diagnosis)
    (medicine) the chemical analysis of excrement (for medical diagnosis or for paleontological purposes)
    an electrochemical method of chemical analysis
    quantitative analysis, quantitative chemical analysis
    chemical analysis to determine the amounts of each element in the substance
    spectrographic analysis, spectrometry, spectroscopic analysis, spectroscopy, spectrum analysis
    the use of spectroscopes to analyze spectra
    separation of substances in solution by means of their unequal diffusion through semipermeable membranes
    dating, geological dating
    use of chemical analysis to estimate the age of geological specimens
    the measurement of changes in weight as a function of changes in temperature used as a technique of chemically analyzing substances
    type of:
    investigating, investigation
    the work of inquiring into something thoroughly and systematically
  3. noun
    a form of literary criticism in which the structure of a piece of writing is analyzed
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    type of:
    criticism, literary criticism
    a written evaluation of a work of literature
  4. noun
    a set of techniques for exploring underlying motives and a method of treating various mental disorders; based on the theories of Sigmund Freud
    synonyms: depth psychology, psychoanalysis
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    the use of hypnosis in conjunction with psychoanalysis
    type of:
    the treatment of mental or emotional problems by psychological means
  5. noun
    a branch of mathematics involving calculus and the theory of limits; sequences and series and integration and differentiation
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    Fourier analysis, harmonic analysis
    analysis of a periodic function into a sum of simple sinusoidal components
    type of:
    calculus, infinitesimal calculus
    the branch of mathematics that is concerned with limits and with the differentiation and integration of functions
  6. noun
    the use of closed-class words instead of inflections: e.g., `the father of the bride' instead of `the bride's father'
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    type of:
    expressive style, style
    a way of expressing something (in language or art or music etc.) that is characteristic of a particular person or group of people or period
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