scrutiny

Scrutiny is when you look at something really closely, like when you are checking a test for mistakes. Scrutiny can also be an intense look, like when your mother looks at you — trying to tell if you might be lying.

Scrutiny comes from the Latin scrutari, which means “to search,” but which originally meant, “to sort trash.” When you turn in a draft of your essay, you are subjecting it to your teacher's scrutiny — and there's a good chance that she'll find some sentences that can be "trashed" as well as sections that could be improved.

Definitions of scrutiny
  1. noun
    the act of examining something closely (as for mistakes)
    synonyms: examination
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    types:
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    audit
    a methodical examination or review of a condition or situation
    PM, autopsy, necropsy, post-mortem, post-mortem examination, postmortem, postmortem examination
    an examination and dissection of a dead body to determine cause of death or the changes produced by disease
    checkup, health check, medical, medical checkup, medical exam, medical examination
    a thorough physical examination; includes a variety of tests depending on the age and sex and health of the person
    comparing, comparison
    the act of examining resemblances
    fine-tooth comb, fine-toothed comb
    a method of examining in minute detail
    follow-up, followup, reexamination, review
    a subsequent examination of a patient for the purpose of monitoring earlier treatment
    going-over
    a careful and thorough inspection
    look-over, once-over
    a swift cursory examination or inspection
    ophthalmoscopy
    examination of the interior of an eye using an ophthalmoscope
    palpation, tactual exploration
    a method of examination in which the examiner feels the size or shape or firmness or location of something (of body parts when the examiner is a health professional)
    endoscopy
    visual examination of the interior of a hollow body organ by use of an endoscope
    gonioscopy
    an examination of the front part of the eye to check the angle where the iris meets the cornea; it is used to distinguish between open-angle glaucoma and closed-angle glaucoma
    keratoscopy
    examination of the cornea with a keratoscope to detect irregularities in its anterior surface
    rhinoscopy
    examination of the nasal passages (either through the anterior nares or with a rhinoscope through the nasopharynx)
    scan
    the act of scanning; systematic examination of a prescribed region
    search
    boarding and inspecting a ship on the high seas
    study, survey
    a detailed critical inspection
    testing
    an examination of the characteristics of something
    motion study, time and motion study, time study, time-and-motion study, time-motion study, work study
    an analysis of a specific job in an effort to find the most efficient method in terms of time and effort
    inspection, review
    a formal or official examination
    bank examination
    an examination of the affairs and records of a bank by a state or federal bank examiner
    check, check-out procedure, checkout
    the act of inspecting or verifying
    ballottement
    a palpatory technique for feeling a floating object in the body (especially for determining the position of a fetus by feeling the rebound of the fetus after a quick digital tap on the wall of the uterus)
    celioscopy
    endoscopic examination of the abdomen through the abdominal wall
    colonoscopy
    visual examination of the colon (with a colonoscope) from the cecum to the rectum; requires sedation
    culdoscopy
    endoscopic examination of a woman's pelvic organs by the insertion of a culdoscope through the vagina
    gastroscopy
    visual examination of the stomach by means of a gastroscope inserted through the esophagus
    hysteroscopy
    visual examination of the uterus and uterine lining using an endoscope inserted through the vagina
    proctoscopy
    visual examination of the rectum and the end of the colon by means of a proctoscope
    flexible sigmoidoscopy, sigmoidoscopy
    visual examination (with a sigmoidoscope) of the lower third of the colon in a search for polyps
    screening
    testing objects or persons in order to identify those with particular characteristics
    likening
    the act of comparing similarities
    analogy
    drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect
    collation
    careful examination and comparison to note points of disagreement
    confrontation
    a focussed comparison; bringing together for a careful comparison
    contrast
    the act of distinguishing by comparing differences
    resurvey
    a new survey or study
    type of:
    investigating, investigation
    the work of inquiring into something thoroughly and systematically
  2. noun
    a prolonged intense look
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    type of:
    look, looking, looking at
    the act of directing the eyes toward something and perceiving it visually
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