# computing

Computing is the act of calculating something––adding it up, multiplying it, or doing more complex math functions to it. Computers are named for this process, because they can compute faster than most people.

The verb compute comes from a Latin word for pruning. You can think of it like cleaning up piles of data to get a clear result. If you run a shop and have lots of figures, for items sold and returned, and money paid for salaries and overhead, then you'll have to do some computing to know how much money you actually earned that day. It's also a type of engineering.

Definitions of computing
1. noun
the procedure of calculating; determining something by mathematical or logical methods
synonyms:
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types:
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transposition
(mathematics) the transfer of a quantity from one side of an equation to the other along with a change of sign
number crunching
performing complex and lengthy numerical calculations
mathematical operation, mathematical process, operation
(mathematics) calculation by mathematical methods
recalculation
the act of calculating again (usually to eliminate errors or to include additional data)
permutation
the act of changing the arrangement of a given number of elements
combination
the act of arranging elements into specified groups without regard to order
differentiation
the mathematical process of obtaining the derivative of a function
maximisation, maximization
the mathematical process of finding the maximum value of a function
integration
an operation used in the calculus whereby the integral of a function is determined
exponentiation, involution
the process of raising a quantity to some assigned power
arithmetic operation
a mathematical operation involving numbers
matrix operation
a mathematical operation involving matrices
construction
drawing a figure satisfying certain conditions as part of solving a problem or proving a theorem
relaxation, relaxation method
a method of solving simultaneous equations by guessing a solution and then reducing the errors that result by successive approximations until all the errors are less than some specified amount
type of:
procedure, process
a particular course of action intended to achieve a result
2. noun
the branch of engineering science that studies (with the aid of computers) computable processes and structures
synonyms: computer science
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object
(computing) a discrete item that provides a description of virtually anything known to a computer
AI, artificial intelligence
the branch of computer science that deal with writing computer programs that can solve problems creatively
MT, machine translation
the use of computers to translate from one language to another
robotics
the area of AI concerned with the practical use of robots
type of:
applied science, engineering, engineering science, technology
the discipline dealing with the art or science of applying scientific knowledge to practical problems
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