antineoplastic

Definitions of antineoplastic
  1. noun
    any of several drugs that control or kill neoplastic cells; used in chemotherapy to kill cancer cells; all have unpleasant side effects that may include nausea and vomiting and hair loss and suppression of bone marrow function
    synonyms: antineoplastic drug, cancer drug
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    alkylating agent
    an antineoplastic drug used to treat some forms of cancer
    antimetabolite
    an antineoplastic drug that inhibits the utilization of a metabolite
    antineoplastic antibiotic
    an antibiotic drug used as an antineoplastic in chemotherapy
    Elspar, asparaginase
    antineoplastic drug (trade name Elspar) sometimes used to treat lymphoblastic leukemia
    floxuridine
    antineoplastic drug used to treat some cancers; can cause loss of hair
    lomustine
    an antineoplastic drug often used to treat brain tumors or Hodgkin's disease
    Alkeran, melphalan
    antineoplastic drug (trade name Alkeran) used to treat multiple myeloma and some other malignancies
    periwinkle plant derivative
    an antineoplastic drug used to treat some forms of cancer
    procarbazine
    an antineoplastic drug used to treat Hodgkin's disease
    thioguanine
    an antineoplastic drug used to treat acute leukemias
    thiotepa
    an antineoplastic drug used to treat certain malignancies
    Leukeran, chlorambucil
    an alkalating agent (trade name Leukeran) used to treat some kinds of cancer
    fluorouracil
    an antimetabolite used to treat certain cancers
    Purinethol, mercaptopurine
    a drug (trade name Purinethol) that interferes with the metabolism of purine and is used to treat acute lymphocytic leukemia
    amethopterin, methotrexate, methotrexate sodium
    toxic antimetabolite that limits cellular reproduction by acting as an antagonist to folic acid; used to treat certain cancers and psoriasis and rheumatoid arthritis
    Mithracin, mithramycin
    an antineoplastic drug (trade name Mithracin) used to treat cancer of the testes
    Velban, vinblastine
    periwinkle plant derivative used as an antineoplastic drug (trade name Velban) that disrupts cell division
    Oncovin, vincristine
    periwinkle plant derivative used as an antineoplastic drug (trade name Oncovin); used to treat cancer of the lymphatic system
    type of:
    cytotoxic drug
    any drug that has a toxic effect on cells; commonly used in chemotherapy to inhibit the proliferation of cancerous cells
  2. adjective
    used in the treatment of cancer
    “an antineoplastic effect”
    synonyms: anticancer, antitumor, antitumour
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