file

To file is to submit an application or a record to some official authority, like a court, police station, or city hall. You might file a complaint against your neighbor after he shovels the snow from his driveway into yours.

People file for divorce, file for bankruptcy, and file charges against criminals. You can also file a receipt or a record at home, by putting it in a file folder and then sliding the folder into a file cabinet. When you stand "single file," you're in a line or queue, and if the group moves a few steps, you can say it files forward.

Primary Meanings of file

1.
v
record in a public office or in a court of law
2.
nv
a steel hand tool with small sharp teeth on some or all of its surfaces; used for smoothing wood or metal
smooth with a file
3.
nv
a set of related records (either written or electronic) kept together
place in a container for keeping records
4.
vn
proceed in line
a line of persons or things ranged one behind the other
Full Definitions of file
1

v record in a public office or in a court of law

file for divorce”
file a complaint”
Synonyms:
register
Types:
trademark
register the trademark of
Type of:
register
record in writing; enter into a book of names or events or transactions

v file a formal charge against

Synonyms:
charge, lodge
Types:
impeach
charge (a public official) with an offense or misdemeanor committed while in office
Type of:
accuse, criminate, impeach, incriminate
bring an accusation against; level a charge against
2

n a steel hand tool with small sharp teeth on some or all of its surfaces; used for smoothing wood or metal

Types:
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blunt file
a file with parallel edges
flat file
a file with two flat surfaces
nailfile
a small flat file for shaping the nails
rasp, wood file
a coarse file with sharp pointed projections
rat-tail file
a thin round file shaped like the tail of a rat
round file
a file with a circular cross section; used to file the inside of holes
taper file
a file with converging edges
Type of:
hand tool
a tool used with workers' hands

v smooth with a file

file one's fingernails”
Type of:
smooth, smoothen
make smooth or smoother, as if by rubbing
3

n a set of related records (either written or electronic) kept together

Synonyms:
data file
Examples:
Combined DNA Index System
the DNA file maintained by the Federal Bureau of Investigation
Types:
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computer file
(computer science) a file maintained in computer-readable form
mug book, mug file
a file of mug shots (pictures of criminals that are kept on file by the police)
tickler, tickler file
a file of memoranda or notices that remind of things to be done
backup file
(computer science) a computer file dedicated to storing and updating computer backups
binary file
(computer science) a computer file containing machine-readable information that must be read by an application; characters use all 8 bits of each byte
main file, master file
(computer science) a computer file that is used as the authority in a given job and that is relatively permanent
disk file
(computer science) a computer file stored on a magnetic disk and identified by a unique label
detail file, transaction file
(computer science) a computer file containing relatively transient data about a particular data processing task
input data, input file
(computer science) a computer file that contains data that serve as input to a device or program
output file
(computer science) a computer file that contains data that are the output of a device or program
read-only file
(computer science) a file that you can read but cannot change
document, text file
(computer science) a computer file that contains text (and possibly formatting instructions) using seven-bit ASCII characters
Type of:
record
anything (such as a document or a phonograph record or a photograph) providing permanent evidence of or information about past events

n office furniture consisting of a container for keeping papers in order

Synonyms:
file cabinet, filing cabinet
Types:
card catalog, card catalogue, card index
an alphabetical listing of items (e.g., books in a library) with a separate card for each item
vertical file
a file in which records are stored upright on one edge
Rolodex
(trademark) a desktop rotary card index with removable cards; usually used for names, addresses, and telephone numbers
Type of:
office furniture
furniture intended for use in an office

v place in a container for keeping records

File these bills, please”
Synonyms:
file away
Type of:
enter, put down, record
make a record of; set down in permanent form
4

v proceed in line

“The students filed into the classroom”
Type of:
march, process
march in a procession

n a line of persons or things ranged one behind the other

Synonyms:
Indian file, single file
Types:
snake dance
a group advancing in a single-file serpentine path
column
a line of units following one after another
Type of:
line
a formation of people or things one behind another

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