Think of inflation as expansion, usually from being filled with air, like a balloon. This also refers to rising prices.

Think of a balloon puffing up, getting fuller and fuller — that's inflation. The word has a bunch of related meanings. We can say people a little too full of themselves are suffering from inflation: they are full of hot air. When the cost of living is ballooning, that's economic inflation. When the universe was born in the big bang, there was a huge inflation, as matter spread out, creating galaxies, stars, and planets.

Definitions of inflation

n the act of filling something with air

the act of letting the air out of something
Type of:
enlargement, expansion
the act of increasing (something) in size or volume or quantity or scope

n a general and progressive increase in prices

“in inflation everything gets more valuable except money”
rising prices
a contraction of economic activity resulting in a decline of prices
a reduction of prices intended to improve the balance of payments
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cost-pull inflation
inflation caused by an increase in the costs of production
demand-pull inflation
inflation caused by an increase in demand or in the supply of money
inflation of currency after a period of deflation; restore the system to a previous state
a period of slow economic growth and high unemployment (stagnation) while prices rise (inflation)
Type of:
economic process
any process affecting the production and development and management of material wealth

n (cosmology) a brief exponential expansion of the universe (faster than the speed of light) postulated to have occurred shortly after the big bang

Type of:
blowup, detonation, explosion
a violent release of energy caused by a chemical or nuclear reaction

n lack of elegance as a consequence of being pompous and puffed up with vanity

ostentation, ostentatiousness, pomposity, pompousness, pretentiousness, puffiness, splashiness
Type of:
the quality of lacking refinement and good taste

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