inflation

Think of inflation as expansion, usually from being filled with air, like a balloon. This also refers to rising prices.

Think of a balloon puffing up, getting fuller and fuller — that's inflation. The word has a bunch of related meanings. We can say people a little too full of themselves are suffering from inflation: they are full of hot air. When the cost of living is ballooning, that's economic inflation. When the universe was born in the big bang, there was a huge inflation, as matter spread out, creating galaxies, stars, and planets.

Definitions of inflation
  1. noun
    the act of filling something with air
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    Antonyms:
    deflation
    the act of letting the air out of something
    type of:
    enlargement, expansion
    the act of increasing (something) in size or volume or quantity or scope
  2. noun
    a general and progressive increase in prices
    “in inflation everything gets more valuable except money”
    synonyms: rising prices
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    Antonyms:
    deflation
    a contraction of economic activity resulting in a decline of prices
    disinflation
    a reduction of prices intended to improve the balance of payments
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    types:
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    cost-pull inflation
    inflation caused by an increase in the costs of production
    demand-pull inflation
    inflation caused by an increase in demand or in the supply of money
    reflation
    inflation of currency after a period of deflation; restore the system to a previous state
    stagflation
    a period of slow economic growth and high unemployment (stagnation) while prices rise (inflation)
    type of:
    economic process
    any process affecting the production and development and management of material wealth
  3. noun
    (cosmology) a brief exponential expansion of the universe (faster than the speed of light) postulated to have occurred shortly after the big bang
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    type of:
    blowup, detonation, explosion
    a violent release of energy caused by a chemical or nuclear reaction
  4. noun
    lack of elegance as a consequence of being pompous and puffed up with vanity
    synonyms: ostentation, ostentatiousness, pomposity, pompousness, pretentiousness, puffiness, splashiness
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    type of:
    inelegance
    the quality of lacking refinement and good taste
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