The act of making an alteration or modification is an adjustment. If you buy a new pair of jeans, but they are too long, you can make a quick adjustment and hem them, have someone else hem them, or use safety pins.

The process of adapting to your environmental conditions is also called an adjustment. After you leave home for college, both you and your parents will have a period of adjustment. Some people adjust easier to change than others — you may be having a ball going to class, eating cereal for dinner, and making new friends but an adjustment your parents will have to make is that they will need to stop worrying about you.

Definitions of adjustment
  1. noun
    the act of making something different (as e.g. the size of a garment)
    synonyms: alteration, modification
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    laxation, loosening
    the act of making something less tight
    the act of making something tighter
    (physiology) the automatic adjustment in focal length of the natural lens of the eye
    (physiology) the responsive adjustment of a sense organ (as the eye) to varying conditions (as of light)
    the adjustment of a radio receiver or other circuit to a required frequency
    undoing, unfastening, untying
    loosening the ties that fasten something
    dark adaptation
    the process of adjusting the eyes to low levels of illumination; cones adapt first; rods continue to adapt for up to four hours
    light adaptation
    the process of adjusting the eyes to relatively high levels of illumination; the pupil constricts and the cones system is operative
    the action of taking up as by tightening or absorption or reeling in
    type of:
    the action of changing something
  2. noun
    the act of adjusting something to match a standard
    synonyms: readjustment, registration
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    the act of adjusting or aligning the parts of a device in relation to each other
    the accurate adjustment of the line of sight of a telescope
    an adjustment of the intervals (as in tuning a keyboard instrument) so that the scale can be used to play in different keys
    adjustments made to an engine to improve its performance
    synchronisation, synchronising, synchronization, synchronizing
    an adjustment that causes something to occur or recur in unison
    the act of adjusting an organ pipe (or wind instrument) so that it conforms to the standards of tone and pitch and color
    equal temperament
    the division of the scale based on an octave that is divided into twelve exactly equal semitones
    the alignment of the wheels of a motor vehicle closer together at the bottom than at the top
    the alignment of the front wheels of a motor vehicle closer together at the front than at the back
    type of:
    calibration, standardisation, standardization
    the act of checking or adjusting (by comparison with a standard) the accuracy of a measuring instrument
  3. noun
    making or becoming suitable; adjusting to circumstances
    synonyms: accommodation, fitting
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    the act of adjusting again (to changed circumstances)
    accommodation to domestic life
    a general accommodation to unchanging environmental conditions
    initial adjustments to improve the functioning or the efficiency and to bring to a more satisfactory state
    type of:
    advance, betterment, improvement
    a change for the better; progress in development
  4. noun
    the process of adapting to something (such as environmental conditions)
    synonyms: adaptation, adaption
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    acclimation, acclimatisation, acclimatization
    adaptation to a new climate (a new temperature or altitude or environment)
    the loss of specialization in form or function
    adaptation to intimate association with human beings
    differentiation, specialisation, specialization
    (biology) the structural adaptation of some body part for a particular function
    type of:
    biological process, organic process
    a process occurring in living organisms
  5. noun
    an amount added or deducted on the basis of qualifying circumstances
    synonyms: allowance
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    cost-of-living allowance
    an allowance for changes in the consumer price index
    depreciation allowance
    an allowance for loss due to depreciation
    deduction, discount
    an amount or percentage deducted
    seasonal adjustment
    a statistical adjustment made to accommodate predictable fluctuations as a function of the season of the year
    an adjustment made for the weight of the packaging in order to determine the net weight of the goods
    trade discount
    a discount from the list price of a commodity allowed by a manufacturer or wholesaler to a merchant
    type of:
    payment or reward (as for service rendered)
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