When you tame an animal and train it to be a pet or work on a farm, that's domestication. The domestication of dogs began thousands of years ago, which is probably why they're such great companions today.

After the successful domestication of dogs, humans went on to domesticate many other animals, from horses and donkeys to cows and chickens. The term also applies to the process of breeding and growing plants for specific uses, mainly as food sources. Domestication comes from the Medieval Latin domesticare, which means "to tame" and "to dwell in a house." Despite the domestication of your donkey, she still probably shouldn't live in your house.

Definitions of domestication
  1. noun
    adaptation to intimate association with human beings
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    type of:
    adaptation, adaption, adjustment
    the process of adapting to something (such as environmental conditions)
  2. noun
    accommodation to domestic life
    “her explorer husband resisted all her attempts at domestication
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    type of:
    accommodation, adjustment, fitting
    making or becoming suitable; adjusting to circumstances
  3. noun
    the attribute of having been domesticated
    synonyms: tameness
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    an intractably barbarous or uncultivated state of nature
    type of:
    flexibility, tractability, tractableness
    the trait of being easily persuaded
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