memory

Memory is the power to retain and recall information and past experiences. Your brain's memory helps you recall lots of memories — like multiplication tables and bad dates.

The word memory applies to both the individual facts and experiences you remember as well as the brain's ability to contain it all. A good memory for names means you retain someone's name. But a good memory of your summer job means that you had fun while working at the Jiffy Lube. Memory has also come to refer to a computer's capacity to store information. As far as we know, however, computers do not have fond memories of their past programs.

Definitions of memory
  1. noun
    the cognitive processes whereby past experience is remembered
    “he can do it from memory
    synonyms: remembering
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    types:
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    STM, immediate memory, short-term memory
    what you can repeat immediately after perceiving it
    working memory
    memory for intermediate results that must be held during thinking
    LTM, long-term memory
    your general store of remembered information
    retrieval
    the cognitive operation of accessing information in memory
    recall, recollection, reminiscence
    the process of remembering (especially the process of recovering information by mental effort)
    identification, recognition
    the process of recognizing something or someone by remembering
    association, connection, connexion
    the process of bringing ideas or events together in memory or imagination
    retrospection
    memory for experiences that are past
    episodic memory, personal memory
    memory for episodes in your own life
    semantic memory
    your memory for meanings and general (impersonal) facts
    motor memory, muscle memory
    your memory for motor skills
    mind
    recall or remembrance
    reconstruction, reconstructive memory
    recall that is hypothesized to work by storing abstract features which are then used to construct the memory during recall
    reproduction, reproductive memory
    recall that is hypothesized to work by storing the original stimulus input and reproducing it during recall
    regurgitation
    recall after rote memorization
    identity
    the individual characteristics by which a thing or person is recognized or known
    speaker identification, talker identification
    identification of a person from the sound of their voice
    colligation
    the connection of isolated facts by a general hypothesis
    type of:
    basic cognitive process
    cognitive processes involved in obtaining and storing knowledge
  2. noun
    the power of retaining and recalling past experience
    “he had a good memory when he was younger”
    synonyms: retention, retentiveness, retentivity
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    types:
    anamnesis, recollection, remembrance
    the ability to recall past occurrences
    type of:
    faculty, mental faculty, module
    one of the inherent cognitive or perceptual powers of the mind
  3. noun
    something that is remembered
    “search as he would, the memory was lost”
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    reminiscence
    a mental impression retained and recalled from the past
    recollection
    something recalled to the mind
    engram, memory trace
    a postulated biochemical change (presumably in neural tissue) that represents a memory
    confabulation
    (psychiatry) a plausible but imagined memory that fills in gaps in what is remembered
    screen memory
    an imagined memory of a childhood experience; hides another memory of distressing significance
    type of:
    internal representation, mental representation, representation
    a presentation to the mind in the form of an idea or image
  4. noun
    the area of cognitive psychology that studies memory processes
    “he taught a graduate course on learning and memory
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    type of:
    cognitive psychology
    an approach to psychology that emphasizes internal mental processes
  5. noun
    an electronic memory device
    “a memory and the CPU form the central part of a computer to which peripherals are attached”
    synonyms: computer memory, computer storage, memory board, storage, store
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    types:
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    non-volatile storage, nonvolatile storage
    computer storage that is not lost when the power is turned off
    ROM, fixed storage, read-only memory, read-only storage
    (computer science) memory whose contents can be accessed and read but cannot be changed
    real storage
    the main memory in a virtual memory system
    scratchpad
    (computer science) a high-speed internal memory used for temporary storage of preliminary information
    virtual memory, virtual storage
    (computer science) memory created by using the hard disk to simulate additional random-access memory; the addressable storage space available to the user of a computer system in which virtual addresses are mapped into real addresses
    volatile storage
    computer storage that is erased when the power is turned off
    CD-ROM, compact disc read-only memory
    a compact disk that is used with a computer (rather than with an audio system); a large amount of digital information can be stored and accessed but it cannot be altered by the user
    EPROM, erasable programmable read-only memory
    (computer science) a read-only memory chip that can be erased by ultraviolet light and programmed again with new data
    flash memory
    nonvolatile storage that can be electrically erased and programmed anew
    magnetic bubble memory
    a nonvolatile storage device that holds information in the form of bubbles on a thin film of magnetic silicate; no longer used in most computers
    RAM, random access memory, random memory, random-access memory, read/write memory
    the most common computer memory which can be used by programs to perform necessary tasks while the computer is on; an integrated circuit memory chip allows information to be stored or accessed in any order and all storage locations are equally accessible
    type of:
    computer hardware, hardware
    (computer science) the mechanical, magnetic, electronic, and electrical components making up a computer system
    memory device, storage device
    a device that preserves information for retrieval
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