A faculty refers to any of your mental or physical abilities. If you lose your faculties, you are powerless. The faculty of a school is comprised of the people who work there. Lose them, and you have a different kind of problem.

Faculty comes from the Old French word faculté, which means “skill, accomplishment, or learning.” You may have great faculties of memory, sight, mobility, charm, math, and musicality, but, as Beethoven was in the end, be robbed of your faculty of hearing. Any aptitude or ability — inborn or learned — that you have is a faculty. Also, if you go to school, your teachers make up the faculty of that school.

Definitions of faculty
  1. noun
    one of the inherent cognitive or perceptual powers of the mind
    synonyms: mental faculty, module
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    the faculty or power of mental concentration
    language, speech
    the mental faculty or power of vocal communication
    memory, retention, retentiveness, retentivity
    the power of retaining and recalling past experience
    intellect, reason, understanding
    the capacity for rational thought or inference or discrimination
    sensation, sense, sensory faculty, sentience, sentiency
    the faculty through which the external world is apprehended
    volition, will
    the capability of conscious choice and decision and intention
    modality, sense modality, sensory system
    a particular sense
    volition in its weakest form
    sensibility, sensitiveness, sensitivity
    (physiology) responsiveness to external stimuli; the faculty of sensation
    absorption, concentration, engrossment, immersion
    complete attention; intense mental effort
    mental note
    special attention with intent to remember
    alertness, vigilance, wakefulness, watchfulness
    the process of paying close and continuous attention
    anamnesis, recollection, remembrance
    the ability to recall past occurrences
    type of:
    ability, power
    possession of the qualities (especially mental qualities) required to do something or get something done
  2. noun
    the body of teachers and administrators at a school
    synonyms: staff
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    type of:
    a group of persons associated by some common tie or occupation and regarded as an entity
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