Whether you’re talking about ideas or nutrients, assimilation describes the act of taking something in and absorbing it fully.
Assimilation comes from the Latin assimilationem, meaning “likeness" or "similarity.” People of different backgrounds and beliefs undergo assimilation when, through living together, they come to see themselves as part of a larger community, or when a small group is absorbed into, and made part of, a bigger group, such as the Irish immigrants in America in the 19th century. Assimilation can also refer to the absorption of new ideas into existing knowledge.
n the social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with another
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assimilation into American culture
the act of anglicizing; making English in appearance
assimilation into European culture
assimilation of Western culture; the social process of becoming familiar with or converting to the customs and practices of Western civilization
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a process involved in the formation of groups of persons
n the process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion
anabolism, constructive metabolism
the synthesis in living organisms of more complex substances (e.g., living tissue) from simpler ones together with the storage of energy
abnormal absorption of nutrients from the digestive tract