Acculturation is what happens when you live with French people for a while and start going "ooh la la" and eating snails. It means adopting the ways of a culture that isn't yours.

Acculturation is related to the word culture. Duh. Culture comes from a Latin word meaning, basically, farming. Now it refers to basically anything that people create and teach each other — singing, dancing, TV. Obviously people in different parts of the world have different cultures, and when they come together, the result is often acculturation. Picture a French guy drinking Coke and wearing a baseball cap and you get the idea.

Definitions of acculturation
  1. noun
    the adoption of the behavior patterns of the surrounding culture
    synonyms: enculturation, socialisation, socialization
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    socialization through training and education to develop one's mind or manners
    breeding, bringing up, fosterage, fostering, nurture, raising, rearing, upbringing
    helping someone grow up to be an accepted member of the community
    type of:
    social control
    control exerted (actively or passively) by group action
  2. noun
    the process of assimilating new ideas into an existing cognitive structure
    synonyms: assimilation
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    the gradual and unconscious absorption of knowledge or ideas
    type of:
    the gradual process of acquiring knowledge
  3. noun
    all the knowledge and values shared by a society
    synonyms: culture
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    a cultural unit (an idea or value or pattern of behavior) that is passed from one person to another by non-genetic means (as by imitation)
    type of:
    cognitive content, content, mental object
    the sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered, or learned
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