An artist is someone whose life's work — or passionate hobby — focuses on some creative enterprise. If you love to paint portraits of your dog, you are an artist.

People who make films, write short stories, or build beautiful dollhouses are all artists. Doing anything that involves creativity and imagination, especially if it yields some finished project, is being an artist. Sometimes people use the word for someone who's great at what she does, or who uses extra flair or originality: "That barista is a total artist — look, she made my latte foam look like a hedgehog!" The Latin root is ars, or "art."

Definitions of artist

n a person whose creative work shows sensitivity and imagination

creative person
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Hans Arp
Alsatian artist and poet who was cofounder of dadaism in Zurich; noted for abstract organic sculptures (1887-1966)
John James Audubon
United States ornithologist and artist (born in Haiti) noted for his paintings of birds of America (1785-1851)
Marcel Duchamp
French artist who immigrated to the United States; a leader in the dada movement in New York City; was first to exhibit commonplace objects as art (1887-1968)
Al Hirschfeld
United States artist noted for his line-drawn caricatures (1904-2003)
Jasper Johns
United States artist and proponent of pop art (born in 1930)
Edward Lear
British artist and writer of nonsense verse (1812-1888)
Louis Comfort Tiffany
United States artist who developed Tiffany glass (1848-1933)
ancient Greek sculptor (circa 370-330 BC)
Josef Albers
United States painter born in Germany; works characterized by simple geometrical patterns in various colors (1888-1976)
Leon Battista Alberti
Italian architect and painter; pioneering theoretician of Renaissance architecture (1404-1472)
Saint Ambrose
(Roman Catholic Church) Roman priest who became bishop of Milan; the first Church Father born and raised in the Christian faith; composer of hymns; imposed orthodoxy on the early Christian church and built up its secular power; a saint and Doctor of the Church (340?-397)
Johann Sebastian Bach
German baroque organist and contrapuntist; composed mostly keyboard music; one of the greatest creators of western music (1685-1750)
Samuel Barber
United States composer (1910-1981)
Frederic Auguste Bartholdi
French sculptor best known for creating the Statue of Liberty now in New York harbor
Bela Bartok
Hungarian composer and pianist who collected Hungarian folk music; in 1940 he moved to the United States (1881-1945)
Ludwig van Beethoven
German composer of instrumental music (especially symphonic and chamber music); continued to compose after he lost his hearing (1770-1827)
Vanessa Stephen
English painter; sister of Virginia Woolf; prominent member of the Bloomsbury Group (1879-1961)
Vincenzo Bellini
Italian composer of operas (1801-1835)
Thomas Hart Benton
United States artist whose paintings portrayed life in the Midwest and South (1889-1975)
Alban Berg
Austrian composer in Schoenberg's twelve-tone music system (1885-1935)
Irving Berlin
United States songwriter (born in Russia) who wrote more than 1500 songs and several musical comedies (1888-1989)
Louis-Hector Berlioz
French composer of romantic works (1803-1869)
Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini
Italian sculptor and architect of the baroque period in Italy; designed many churches and chapels and tombs and fountains (1598-1680)
Leonard Bernstein
United States conductor and composer (1918-1990)
Georges Bizet
French composer best known for his operas (1838-1875)
William Blake
visionary British poet and painter (1757-1827)
Marc Blitzstein
United States pianist and composer of operas and musical plays (1905-1964)
Ernest Bloch
United States composer (born in Switzerland) who composed symphonies and chamber music and choral music and a piano sonata and an opera (1880-1959)
Aleksandr Porfirevich Borodin
Russian composer (1833-1887)
Hieronymus Bosch
Dutch painter (1450-1516)
Alessandro di Mariano dei Filipepi
Italian painter of mythological and religious paintings (1444-1510)
Pierre Boulez
French composer of serial music (born in 1925)
Mathew B. Brady
United States pioneer photographer famous for his portraits; was the official Union photographer for the American Civil War (1823-1896)
Johannes Brahms
German composer who developed the romantic style of both lyrical and classical music (1833-1897)
Constantin Brancusi
Romanian sculptor noted for abstractions of animal forms (1876-1957)
Georges Braque
French painter who led the cubist movement (1882-1963)
Lord Britten of Aldeburgh
major English composer of the 20th century; noted for his operas (1913-1976)
Hablot Knight Browne
English illustrator of several of Dickens' novels (1815-1882)
Max Bruch
German composer (1838-1920)
Anton Bruckner
Austrian organist and composer of romantic music (1824-1896)
Pieter Brueghel the Elder
Flemish painter of landscapes (1525-1569)
William Byrd
English organist and composer of church music; master of 16th century polyphony; was granted a monopoly in music printing with Thomas Tallis (1543-1623)
John Milton Cage Jr.
United States composer of avant-garde music (1912-1992)
Alexander Calder
United States sculptor who first created mobiles and stabiles (1898-1976)
Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio
Italian painter noted for his realistic depiction of religious subjects and his novel use of light (1573-1610)
Hoagland Howard Carmichael
United States songwriter (1899-1981)
Benvenuto Cellini
Italian sculptor (1500-1571)
Paul Cezanne
French Post-impressionist painter who influenced modern art (especially cubism) by stressing the structural components latent in nature (1839-1906)
Marc Chagall
French painter (born in Russia) noted for his imagery and brilliant colors (1887-1985)
Carlos Chavez
Mexican composer of nationalistic works using themes from Indian folk music (1899-1978)
Maria Luigi Carlo Zenobio Cherubini
Italian composer of church music and operas (1760-1842)
Giorgio de Chirico
Italian painter (born in Greece) whose deep shadows and barren landscapes strongly influenced the surrealists (1888-1978)
Frederic Francois Chopin
French composer (born in Poland) and pianist of the romantic school (1810-1849)
Giovanni Cimabue
painter of the Florentine school; anticipated the move from Byzantine to naturalistic art (1240-1302)
George Michael Cohan
United States songwriter and playwright famous for his patriotic songs (1878-1942)
John Constable
English landscape painter (1776-1837)
Aaron Copland
United States composer who developed a distinctly American music (1900-1990)
John Singleton Copley
American painter who did portraits of Paul Revere and John Hancock before fleeing to England to avoid the American Revolution (1738-1815)
Arcangelo Corelli
Italian violinist and composer of violin concertos (1653-1713)
Jean Baptiste Camille Corot
French painter of Italian landscapes (1796-1875)
Antonio Allegri da Correggio
Italian painter noted for his use of chiaroscuro and perspective (1494-1534)
Francois Couperin
French composer of music for organ and a member of a family of distinguished organists (1668-1733)
Gustave Courbet
French painter noted for his realistic depiction of everyday scenes (1819-1877)
Sir Noel Pierce Coward
English dramatist and actor and composer noted for his witty and sophisticated comedies (1899-1973)
Thomas Crawford
United States neoclassical sculptor (1814-1857)
Nathaniel Currier
United States lithographer who (with his partner James Ives) produced thousands of prints signed `Currier & Ives' (1813-1888)
Karl Czerny
Austrian virtuoso pianist and composer of many works for the piano; studied with Beethoven and was a teacher of Liszt (1791-1857)
Salvador Dali
surrealist Spanish painter (1904-1989)
Honore Daumier
French painter best known for his satirical lithographs of bourgeois society (1808-1879)
Jacques Louis David
French neoclassical painter who actively supported the French Revolution (1748-1825)
Stuart Davis
United States painter who developed an American version of cubism (1894-1964)
Claude Achille Debussy
French composer who is said to have created Impressionism in music (1862-1918)
Hilaire Germain Edgar Degas
French impressionist painter (1834-1917)
Willem de Kooning
United States painter (born in the Netherlands) who was a leading American exponent of abstract expressionism (1904-1997)
Ferdinand Victor Eugene Delacroix
French romantic painter (1798-1863)
Clement Philibert Leo Delibes
French composer of operas (1836-1891)
Frederick Delius
English composer of orchestral works (1862-1934)
Andre Derain
French painter and exponent of fauvism (1880-1954)
Antoine Domino
United States rhythm and blues pianist and singer and composer (born in 1928)
Donato di Betto Bardi
Florentine sculptor famous for his lifelike sculptures (1386-1466)
Gaetano Donizetti
Italian composer of operas (1797-1848)
John Dowland
English lutenist and composer of songs for the lute (1563-1626)
Raoul Dufy
French painter noted for brightly colored scenes (1877-1953)
Paul Dukas
French composer (1865-1935)
George Louis Palmella Busson du Maurier
English writer and illustrator; grandfather of Daphne du Maurier (1834-1896)
Albrecht Durer
a leading German painter and engraver of the Renaissance (1471-1528)
Antonin Dvorak
Czech composer who combined folk elements with traditional forms (1841-1904)
Bob Dylan
United States songwriter noted for his protest songs (born in 1941)
Alfred Eisenstaedt
United States photographer (born in Germany) whose unposed documentary photographs created photojournalism (born in 1898)
Sir Edward William Elgar
British composer of choral and orchestral works including two symphonies as well as songs and chamber music and music for brass band (1857-1934)
Domenikos Theotocopoulos
Spanish painter (born in Greece) remembered for his religious works characterized by elongated human forms and dramatic use of color (1541-1614)
Georges Enesco
Romanian violinist and composer (1881-1955)
Sir Jacob Epstein
British sculptor (born in the United States) noted for busts and large controversial works (1880-1959)
Max Ernst
painter (born in Germany, resident of France and the United States) who was a cofounder of dadaism; developed the technique of collage (1891-1976)
Jan van Eyck
Flemish painter who was a founder of the Flemish school of painting and who pioneered modern techniques of oil painting (1390-1441)
Manuel de Falla
Spanish composer and pianist (1876-1946)
Jules Feifer
United States cartoonist who created a sarcastic comic strip (born in 1929)
Arthur Fiedler
popular United States conductor (1894-1979)
Stephen Collins Foster
United States songwriter whose songs embody the sentiment of the South before the American Civil War (1826-1864)
Jean Honore Fragonard
French artist whose rococo paintings typified the frivolity of life in the royal court of France in the 18th century (1732-1806)
Cesar Franck
French composer and teacher who influenced a generation of composers (1822-1890)
Daniel Chester French
United States sculptor who created the seated marble figure of Abraham Lincoln in the Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C. (1850-1931)
Roger Eliot Fry
English painter and art critic (1866-1934)
Thomas Gainsborough
English portrait and landscape painter (1727-1788)
Paul Gauguin
French Post-impressionist painter who worked in the South Pacific (1848-1903)
George Gershwin
United States composer who incorporated jazz into classical forms and composed scores for musical comedies (1898-1937)
Alberto Giacometti
Swiss sculptor and painter known for his bronze sculptures of elongated figures (1901-1966)
Charles Dana Gibson
United States illustrator remembered for his creation of the `Gibson girl' (1867-1944)
Giotto di Bondone
Florentine painter who gave up the stiff Byzantine style and developed a more naturalistic style; considered the greatest Italian painter prior to the Renaissance (1267-1337)
Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka
Russian composer (1804-1857)
Christoph Willibald von Gluck
German composer of more than 100 operas (1714-1787)
Reuben Lucius Goldberg
United States cartoonist who drew intricate diagrams of very complicated and impractical contraptions that accomplished little or nothing (1883-1970)
Benjamin David Goodman
United States clarinetist who in 1934 formed a big band (including black as well as white musicians) and introduced a kind of jazz known as swing (1909-1986)
Charles Francois Gounod
French composer best remembered for his operas (1818-1893)
Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes
Spanish painter well known for his portraits and for his satires (1746-1828)
George Percy Aldridge Grainger
United States composer (born in Australia) who lived in London and collected English folk songs (1882-1961)
Duncan James Corrow Grant
Scottish painter; cousin of Lytton Strachey and member of the Bloomsbury Group (1885-1978)
Edvard Hagerup Grieg
Norwegian composer whose work was often inspired by Norwegian folk music (1843-1907)
Jaun Gris
Spanish cubist painter (1887-1927)
Woodrow Wilson Guthrie
United States folk singer and songwriter (1912-1967)
Jacques Francois Fromental Elie Halevy
French operatic composer (1799-1862)
Frans Hals
Dutch portrait and genre painter who endowed his portraits with vitality and humor (1580?-1666)
George Frederick Handel
a prolific British baroque composer (born in Germany) remembered best for his oratorio Messiah (1685-1759)
William Christopher Handy
United States blues musician who transcribed and published traditional blues music (1873-1958)
Frederick Childe Hassam
United States painter noted for brilliant colors and bold brushwork (1859-1935)
Franz Joseph Haydn
prolific Austrian composer who influenced the classical form of the symphony (1732-1809)
Dame Barbara Hepworth
British sculptor (1902-1975)
Victor Herbert
United States musician and composer and conductor noted for his comic operas (1859-1924)
Woodrow Charles Herman
United States jazz musician and bandleader (1913-1987)
Paul Hindemith
German neoclassical composer and conductor who believed that music should have a social purpose (1895-1963)
Malvina Hoffman
United States sculptor (1887-1966)
William Hogarth
English artist noted for a series of engravings that satirized the affectations of his time (1697-1764)
Katsushika Hokusai
Japanese painter whose work influenced the impressionists (1760-1849)
Holbein the Elder
German painter of religious works (1465-1524)
Holbein the Younger
German painter and engraver noted for his portraits; he was commissioned by Henry VIII to provide portraits of the English king's prospective brides (1497-1543)
Charles Hardin Holley
United States rock star (1936-1959)
Winslow Homer
United States painter best known for his seascapes (1836-1910)
Arthur Honegger
Swiss composer (born in France) who was the founding member of a group in Paris that included Erik Satie and Darius Milhaud and Francis Poulenc and Jean Cocteau (1892-1955)
Engelbert Humperdinck
German composer of six operas and other incidental music (1854-1921)
William Holman Hunt
Englishman and Pre-Raphaelite painter (1827-1910)
Jacques Francois Antoine Ibert
French composer (1890-1962)
Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
French classical painter (1780-1867)
James Merritt Ives
United States lithographer who (with his partner Nathaniel Currier) produced thousands of prints signed `Currier & Ives' (1824-1895)
Charles Edward Ives
United States composer noted for his innovative use of polytonality (1874-1954)
Joseph Joachim
Hungarian violinist and composer (1831-1907)
Scott Joplin
United States composer who was the first creator of ragtime to write down his compositions (1868-1917)
Aram Kachaturian
Armenian composer who incorporated oriental folk music (1903-1978)
Wassily Kandinski
Russian painter who was a pioneer of abstract art (1866-1944)
Rockwell Kent
United States painter noted for his woodcuts (1882-1971)
Jerome David Kern
United States composer of musical comedies (1885-1945)
Aram Ilich Khachaturian
Russian composer (born in Armenia) whose works are romantic and reflect his interest in folk music (1903-1978)
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
German expressionist painter (1880-1938)
Paul Klee
Swiss painter influenced by Kandinsky (1879-1940)
Gustav Klimt
Austrian painter influenced by art nouveau (1862-1918)
Franz Joseph Kline
United States abstract expressionist painter (1910-1962)
Sergei Aleksandrovich Koussevitzky
United States conductor (born in Russia) who was noted for performing the works of contemporary composers (1874-1951)
Lee Krasner
United States artist remembered for her spontaneous approach to painting; she was a founder of the New York school of abstract expressionism (1908-1984)
Gaston Lachaise
United States sculptor (born in France) noted for his large nude figures (1882-1935)
Leonard Constant Lambert
English composer and conductor (1905-1951)
Dorothea Lange
United States photographer remembered for her portraits of rural workers during the Depression (1895-1965)
Orlando di Lasso
Belgian composer (1532-1594)
Georges de La Tour
French painter of religious works (1593-1652)
Sir Thomas Lawrence
English portrait painter remembered for the series of portraits of the leaders of the alliance against Napoleon (1769-1830)
Huddie Leadbetter
United States folk singer and composer (1885-1949)
Fernand Leger
French painter who was an early cubist (1881-1955)
Franz Lehar
Hungarian composer of light operas (1870-1948)
John Lennon
English rock star and guitarist and songwriter who with Paul McCartney wrote most of the music for the Beatles (1940-1980)
Leonardo da Vinci
Italian painter and sculptor and engineer and scientist and architect; the most versatile genius of the Italian Renaissance (1452-1519)
Roy Lichtenstein
United States painter who was a leading exponent of pop art (1923-1997)
Maya Lin
United States sculptor and architect whose public works include the memorial to veterans of the Vietnam War in Washington (born in 1959)
Jacques Lipchitz
United States sculptor (born in Lithuania) who pioneered cubist sculpture (1891-1973)
Fra Filippo Lippi
Italian painter whose works show a three-dimensional style (1406-1469)
Filippino Lippi
Italian painter and son of Fra Filippo Lippi (1457-1504)
Franz Liszt
Hungarian composer and piano virtuoso (1811-1886)
Baron Lloyd Webber of Sydmonton
English composer of many successful musicals (some in collaboration with Sir Tim Rice) (born in 1948)
Frederick Loewe
United States composer (born in Austria) who collaborated with Lerner on several musicals (1901-1987)
Sir David Alexander Cecil Low
British political cartoonist (born in New Zealand) who created the character Colonel Blimp (1891-1963)
Laurence Stephen Lowry
English painter (1887-1976)
Jean Baptiste Lully
French composer (born in Italy) who was the court composer to Louis XIV and founded the national French opera (1632-1687)
Greek sculptor (4th century BC)
Edward MacDowell
United States composer best remembered as a composer of works for the piano (1860-1908)
Rene Magritte
Belgian surrealist painter (1898-1967)
Gustav Mahler
Austrian composer and conductor (1860-1911)
Aristide Maillol
French sculptor of monumental female nudes (1861-1944)
Kazimir Severinovich Malevich
Russian abstract painter (1878-1935)
Edouard Manet
French painter whose work influenced the impressionists (1832-1883)
Andrea Mantegna
Italian painter and engraver noted for his frescoes (1431-1506)
Reginald Marsh
United States painter (1898-1954)
Jules Emile Frederic Massenet
French composer best remembered for his pop operas (1842-1912)
Henri Emile Benoit Matisse
French painter and sculptor; leading figure of fauvism (1869-1954)
William Henry Mauldin
United States cartoonist noted for his drawings of soldiers in battle (1921-2003)
Sir James Paul McCartney
English rock star and bass guitarist and songwriter who with John Lennon wrote most of the music for the Beatles (born in 1942)
Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy
German musician and romantic composer of orchestral and choral works (1809-1847)
Gian Carlo Menotti
United States composer (born in Italy) of operas (born in 1911)
Jakob Liebmann Beer
German composer of operas in a style that influenced Richard Wagner (1791-1864)
Michelangelo Buonarroti
Florentine sculptor and painter and architect; one of the outstanding figures of the Renaissance (1475-1564)
Darius Milhaud
French composer of works that combine jazz and polytonality and Brazilian music (1892-1974)
Sir John Everett Millais
Englishman and Pre-Raphaelite painter (1829-1896)
Alton Glenn Miller
United States bandleader of a popular big band (1909-1944)
Jean Francois Millet
French painter of rural scenes (1814-1875)
Joan Miro
Spanish surrealist painter (1893-1983)
Amedeo Modigliano
Italian painter and sculptor (1884-1920)
Piet Mondrian
Dutch painter whose work (intersecting lines at right angles and planes in primary colors) influenced the development of abstract art (1872-1944)
Claude Monet
French impressionist painter (1840-1926)
Claudio Monteverdi
Italian composer (1567-1643)
Henry Spencer Moore
British sculptor whose works are monumental organic forms (1898-1986)
Douglas Moore
United States composer of works noted for their use of the American vernacular (1893-1969)
Samuel Finley Breese Morse
United States portrait painter who patented the telegraph and developed the Morse code (1791-1872)
Anna Mary Robertson Moses
United States painter of colorful and primitive rural scenes (1860-1961)
Robert Motherwell
United States abstract expressionist painter (1915-1991)
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
prolific Austrian composer and child prodigy; master of the classical style in all its forms of his time (1756-1791)
Edvard Munch
Norwegian painter (1863-1944)
Bartolome Esteban Murillo
Spanish painter (1617-1682)
Modest Petrovich Moussorgsky
Russian composer of operas and orchestral works (1839-1881)
Thomas Nast
United States political cartoonist (1840-1902)
Louise Nevelson
United States sculptor (born in Russia) known for massive shapes of painted wood (1899-1988)
Carl August Nielsen
Danish composer (1865-1931)
Isamu Noguchi
United States sculptor (1904-1988)
Jacques Offenbach
French composer of many operettas and an opera (1819-1880)
Georgia Okeeffe
United States painter (1887-1986)
Claes Thure Oldenburg
United States sculptor (born in Sweden); a leader of the pop art movement who was noted for giant sculptures of common objects (born in 1929)
Yoko Ono
United States musician (born in Japan) who married John Lennon and collaborated with him on recordings (born in 1933)
Roy Orbison
United States composer and rockabilly tenor popular in the 1950s (1936-1988)
Carl Orff
German musician who developed a widely used system for teaching music to children (1895-1982)
Eugene Ormandy
United States conductor (born in Hungary) (1899-1985)
Jose Clemente Orozco
Mexican painter noted for his monumental murals (1883-1949)
Seiji Ozawa
United States conductor (born in Japan in 1935)
Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina
Italian composer (1526-1594)
Maxfield Frederick Parrish
United States painter (1870-1966)
ancient Greek sculptor (circa 500-432 BC)
Pablo Picasso
prolific and influential Spanish artist who lived in France (1881-1973)
Walter Piston
United States neoclassical composer (1894-1976)
Jackson Pollock
United States artist famous for painting with a drip technique; a leader of abstract expressionism in America (1912-1956)
Cole Albert Porter
United States composer and lyricist of musical comedies (1891-1946)
Francis Poulenc
French pianist and composer (1899-1963)
Nicolas Poussin
French painter in the classical style (1594-1665)
Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev
Russian composer of ballets and symphonies and operas (1891-1953)
Giacomo Puccini
Italian operatic composer noted for the dramatic realism of his operas (1858-1924)
Henry Purcell
English organist at Westminster Abbey and composer of many theatrical pieces (1659-1695)
Howard Pyle
United States writer and illustrator of children's books (1853-1911)
Sergei Vasilievich Rachmaninoff
composer and piano virtuoso born in Russia (1873-1943)
Jean-Philippe Rameau
French composer of operas whose writings laid the foundation for the modern theory of harmony (1683-1764)
Raffaello Sanzio
Italian painter whose many paintings exemplify the ideals of the High Renaissance (1483-1520)
Maurice Ravel
French composer and exponent of Impressionism (1875-1937)
Stephen Michael Reich
United States composer (born in 1936)
Rembrandt Harmensz van Rijn
influential Dutch artist (1606-1669)
Pierre Auguste Renoir
French impressionist painter (1841-1919)
Ottorino Respighi
Italian composer remembered for his symphonic poems (1879-1936)
Sir Joshua Reynolds
English portrait painter and first president of the Royal Academy (1723-1792)
Nikolai Andreyevich Rimski-Korsakov
Russian composer of operas and orchestral works; often used themes from folk music (1844-1908)
Diego Rivera
socialist Mexican painter of murals (1886-1957)
Norman Rockwell
United States illustrator whose works present a sentimental idealized view of everyday life (1894-1978)
Richard Rodgers
United States composer of musical comedies (especially in collaboration with Oscar Hammerstein II and with Lorenz Hart) (1902-1979)
Francois Auguste Rene Rodin
French sculptor noted for his renderings of the human form (1840-1917)
Sigmund Romberg
United States composer (born in Hungary) who composed operettas (1887-1951)
Dante Gabriel Rossetti
English poet and painter who was a leader of the Pre-Raphaelites (1828-1882)
Giloacchino Antonio Rossini
Italian composer remembered for his operas (1792-1868)
Mark Rothko
United States abstract painter (born in Russia) whose paintings are characterized by horizontal bands of color with indistinct boundaries (1903-1970)
Le Douanier Rousseau
French primitive painter (1844-1910)
Sir Peter Paul Rubens
prolific Flemish baroque painter; knighted by the English king Charles I (1577-1640)
Anton Grigorevich Rubinstein
Russian composer and pianist (1829-1894)
Charles Camille Saint-Saens
French pianist and composer (1835-1921)
John Singer Sargent
United States painter (born in Italy) known for his society portraits (1856-1925)
Erik Alfred Leslie Satie
French composer noted for his experimentalism and rejection of Romanticism (1866-1925)
Artur Schnabel
United States composer (born in Austria) and pianist noted for his interpretations of the works of Mozart and Beethoven and Schubert (1882-1951)
Arnold Schoenberg
United States composer and musical theorist (born in Austria) who developed atonal composition (1874-1951)
Franz Seraph Peter Schubert
Austrian composer known for his compositions for voice and piano (1797-1828)
Charles Munroe Schulz
United States cartoonist whose comic strip included the beagle Snoopy (1922-2000)
Robert Alexander Schumann
German romantic composer known for piano music and songs (1810-1856)
Clara Josephine Schumann
German pianist and composer of piano music; renowned for her interpretation of music, especially the music of her husband Robert Schumann (1819-1896)
Aleksandr Nikolayevich Scriabin
Russian composer of orchestral and piano music (1872-1915)
George Segal
United States sculptor (born in 1924)
Andres Segovia
Spanish guitarist who made classical guitar a concert instrument (1893-1987)
Alois Senefelder
German printer who invented lithography (1771-1834)
Roger Huntington Sessions
United States composer who promoted 20th century music (1896-1985)
Georges Pierre Seurat
French painter who developed pointillism (1859-1891)
Benjamin Shahn
United States artist whose work reflected social and political themes (1898-1969)
Arthur Jacob Arshawsky
United States clarinetist and leader of a swing band (1910-2004)
Dmitri Dmitrievich Shostakovich
Russian composer best known for his fifteen symphonies (1906-1975)
Johan Julius Christian Sibelius
Finnish composer (1865-1957)
Shelby Silverstein
United States poet and cartoonist remembered for his stories and poems for children (1932-1999)
Paul Simon
United States singer and songwriter (born in 1942)
David Alfaro Siqueiros
Mexican painter of murals depicting protest and revolution (1896-1974)
Bedrich Smetana
Czech composer (1824-1884)
David Roland Smith
United States sculptor (1906-1965)
Stephen Sondheim
United States composer of musicals (born in 1930)
John Philip Sousa
a United States bandmaster and composer of military marches (1854-1932)
Chaim Soutine
French expressionist painter (born in Lithuania) (1893-1943)
Jan Steen
Dutch genre painter (1626-1679)
Edward Jean Steichen
United States photographer who pioneered artistic photography (1879-1973)
Saul Steinberg
United States cartoonist (born in Romania) noted for his caricatures of famous people (1914-1999)
Frank Philip Stella
United States minimalist painter (born in 1936)
Alfred Stieglitz
United States photographer (1864-1946)
Leopold Antoni Stanislaw Stokowski
United States conductor (born in Britain) (1882-1977)
Strauss the Elder
Austrian composer of waltzes (1804-1849)
Strauss the Younger
Austrian composer and son of Strauss the Elder; composed many famous waltzes and became known as the `waltz king' (1825-1899)
Richard Strauss
German composer of many operas; collaborated with librettist Hugo von Hoffmannsthal to produce several operas (1864-1949)
Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky
composer who was born in Russia but lived in the United States after 1939 (1882-1971)
Gilbert Charles Stuart
United States painter best known for his portraits of George Washington (1755-1828)
Arthur Seymour Sullivan
English composer of operettas who collaborated with the librettist William Gilbert (1842-1900)
Thomas Sully
United States painter (born in England) of portraits and historical scenes (1783-1872)
George Szell
United States conductor (born in Hungary) (1897-1970)
Lorado Taft
United States sculptor (1860-1936)
William Henry Fox Talbot
English inventor and pioneer in photography who published the first book illustrated with photographs (1800-1877)
Thomas Tallis
English organist and composer of church and secular music; was granted a monopoly in music printing with William Byrd (1505-1585)
Yves Tanguy
United States surrealist painter (born in France) (1900-1955)
Joseph Deems Taylor
United States composer and music critic (1885-1966)
Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky
important Russian composer whose works are noted for their expressive melodies (1840-1893)
Georg Philipp Telemann
German baroque composer (1681-1767)
Sir John Tenniel
English cartoonist (1820-1914)
Virgil Garnett Thomson
United States composer who collaborated with Gertrude Stein (1896-1989)
James Grover Thurber
United States humorist and cartoonist who published collections of essays and stories (1894-1961)
Giovanni Battista Tiepolo
Italian painter (1696-1770)
Jacopo Robusti
Italian painter of the Venetian school (1518-1594)
Tiziano Vecellio
old master of the Venetian school (1490-1576)
Mark Tobey
United States abstract painter influenced by oriental calligraphy (1890-1976)
Arturo Toscanini
Italian conductor of many orchestras worldwide (1867-1957)
Henri Toulouse-Lautrec
French painter who portrayed life in the cafes and music halls of Montmartre (1864-1901)
John Trumbull
American painter of historical scenes (1756-1843)
Joseph Mallord William Turner
English landscape painter whose treatment of light and color influenced the French impressionists (1775-1851)
Maurice Utrillo
French painter noted for his paintings of Parisian street scenes (1883-1955)
Sir Anthony Vandyke
Flemish painter of numerous portraits (1599-1641)
Vincent van Gogh
Dutch Post-impressionist painter noted for his use of color (1853-1890)
Edgar Varese
United States composer (born in France) whose music combines dissonance with complex rhythms and the use of electronic techniques (1883-1965)
Viktor Vasarely
French painter (born in Hungary) who was a pioneer of op art (1908-1997)
Giorgio Vasari
Italian painter and art historian (1511-1574)
Ralph Vaughan Williams
English composer influenced by folk tunes and music of the Tudor period (1872-1958)
Diego Rodriguez de Silva y Velazquez
Spanish painter (1599-1660)
Guiseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi
Italian operatic composer (1813-1901)
Jan van der Meer
Dutch painter renowned for his use of light (1632-1675)
Paolo Veronese
Italian painter of the Venetian school (1528-1588)
Marie Louise Elisabeth Vigee-Lebrun
French painter noted for her portraits (1755-1842)
Heitor Villa-Lobos
Brazilian composer (1887-1959)
Antonio Lucio Vivaldi
Italian baroque composer and violinist (1675-1741)
Maurice de Vlaminck
French painter and exponent of fauvism (1876-1958)
Jean Edouard Vuillard
French painter (1868-1940)
Wilhelm Richard Wagner
German composer of operas and inventor of the musical drama in which drama and spectacle and music are fused (1813-1883)
Bruno Walter
German conductor (1876-1962)
Sir William Turner Walton
English composer (1902-1983)
Andy Warhol
United States artist who was a leader of the Pop Art movement (1930-1987)
Jean Antoine Watteau
French painter (1684-1721)
Baron Karl Maria Friedrich Ernst von Weber
German conductor and composer of romantic operas (1786-1826)
Max Weber
United States abstract painter (born in Russia) (1881-1961)
Kurt Weill
German composer; collaborated with Bertolt Brecht (1900-1950)
Benjamin West
English painter (born in America) who became the second president of the Royal Academy (1738-1820)
Edward Weston
United States photographer(1886-1958)
James Abbott McNeill Whistler
United States painter (1834-1903)
Hiram King Williams
United States country singer and songwriter (1923-1953)
Hugo Wolf
Austrian composer (1860-1903)
Grant Wood
United States painter noted for works based on life in the Midwest (1892-1942)
Sir Henry Joseph Wood
English conductor (1869-1944)
Andrew Wyeth
United States painter (born in 1917)
show 57 types...
hide 57 types...
an artist who makes illustrations (for books or magazines or advertisements etc.)
an artist who has created classic works
an artistic person who adheres to classicism
an artist of the school of constructivism
decorator, ornamentalist
someone who decorates
draftsman, drawer
an artist skilled at drawing
someone who etches
an artist who is an adherent of expressionism
maestro, master
an artist of consummate skill
a practitioner or advocate of artistic minimalism
an artist who makes a deliberate break with previous styles
artist who composes or conducts music as a profession
an artist who paints
lensman, photographer
someone who takes photographs professionally
a painter or writer dedicated to restoring early Renaissance ideals
graphic artist, printmaker
an artist who designs and makes prints
an artist who practices pyrography
romantic, romanticist
an artist of the Romantic Movement or someone influenced by Romanticism
carver, sculptor, sculpturer, statue maker
an artist who creates sculptures
an artist who is a master of a particular style
an artist who is a member of the movement called surrealism
a member of an artistic movement that expressed ideas indirectly via symbols
Indiana, Robert Indiana
United States pop artist (born 1928)
abstract artist, abstractionist
a painter of abstract pictures
adapter, arranger, transcriber
a musician who adapts a composition for particular voices or instruments or for another style of performance
camera operator, cameraman, cinematographer
a photographer who operates a movie camera
a person who draws cartoons
cantor, choirmaster, precentor
the musical director of a choir
a painter able to achieve special effects with color
commercial artist
an illustrator who is supported by advertising
someone who composes music as a profession
conductor, director, music director
the person who leads a musical group
an artist who adheres to the principles of cubism
an unskilled painter
a painter who introduces distortions
a printmaker who prints from an engraved printing plate
Fauve, fauvist
a member of a group of French painters who followed fauvism
genre painter
a painter of scenes from everyday life
a painter who follows the theories of Impressionism
someone who paints landscapes
a printmaker who uses lithography
someone who paints tiny pictures in great detail
a painter of murals
oil painter
a painter who uses oil paints
old master
a great European painter prior to 19th century
a freelance photographer who pursues celebrities trying to take candid photographs of them to sell to newspapers or magazines
pavement artist
someone who draws on the pavement with colored chalks (hoping that passers-by will give them money)
a painter who uses the technique of pointillism
limner, portrait painter, portraitist, portrayer
a painter or drawer of portraits
Post-impressionist, Postimpressionist
an artist of the Postimpressionist school who revolted against Impressionism
press photographer
a photographer who works for a newspaper
a painter who represents the world realistically and not in an idealized or romantic style
scene painter, scenic artist
an artist specializing in scenic subjects
a woman sculptor
someone who draws sketches
a musician who is a consummate master of technique and artistry
watercolorist, watercolourist
a painter who paints with watercolors
Type of:
a person who grows or makes or invents things

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