Other forms: assumed; assuming; assumes

Assume isn't only used to mean "accept as truth without checking"; it also means "take on the form of." It might be safer if you don't assume that the vampire standing in front of you isn't merely a person assuming that form.

Assume always has the sense of taking on something. It may be the belief in the appearance of truth: Your mother probably assumes you do your homework right after school. It may be another form or identity: Superman assumes the identity of a city reporter. Or, it might be a physical space: If you get nervous while driving, your dad might assume control of the car.

Definitions of assume
  1. verb
    take to be the case or to be true; accept without verification or proof
    “I assume his train was late”
    synonyms: presume, take for granted
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    presuppose, suppose
    take for granted or as a given; suppose beforehand
    beg the question
    assume that the argument one is trying to prove is true, without arguing for it
    posit, postulate
    take as a given; assume as a postulate or axiom
    premise, premiss
    take something as preexisting and given
    type of:
    anticipate, expect
    regard something as probable or likely
  2. verb
    take on a certain form, attribute, or aspect
    “She assumed strange manners”
    “The gods assume human or animal form in these fables”
    synonyms: acquire, adopt, take, take on
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    take on again, as after a time lapse
    type of:
    undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature
  3. verb
    occupy or take on
    “He assumes the lotus position”
    synonyms: strike, take, take up
    fill, occupy, take
    assume, as of positions or roles
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    type of:
    move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion
  4. verb
    take on titles, offices, duties, or responsibilities
    “When will the new President assume office?”
    synonyms: adopt, take on, take over
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    assume anew
    type of:
    take office
    assume an office, duty, or title
  5. verb
    seize and take control without authority and possibly with force; take as one's right or possession
    “He assumed to himself the right to fill all positions in the town”
    synonyms: arrogate, seize, take over, usurp
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    take (territory) as if by conquest
    appropriate, capture, conquer, seize
    take possession of by force, as after an invasion
    occupy or take possession of beforehand or before another or appropriate for use in advance
    seize control of
    take over (a company) by buying a controlling interest of its stock
    capture after a fight
    colonise, colonize
    settle as a colony; of countries in the developing world
    type of:
    take by force
  6. verb
    take on as one's own the expenses or debts of another person
    synonyms: accept, bear, take over
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    carry-the can, face the music
    accept the unpleasant consequences of one's actions
    type of:
    take into one's possession
  7. verb
    take up someone's soul into heaven
    “This is the day when May was assumed into heaven”
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    type of:
    invite, receive, take in
    express willingness to have in one's home or environs
  8. verb
    put clothing on one's body
    “The queen assumed the stately robes”
    synonyms: don, get into, put on, wear
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    put on or wear a hat
    try, try on
    put on a garment in order to see whether it fits and looks nice
    wrap in or adorn with a scarf
    slip on
    put on with ease or speed
    select and wear small, decorative articles of clothing, jewelry, etc.
    dress in a bonnet
    type of:
    dress, get dressed
    put on clothes
  9. verb
    make a pretence of
    “She assumed indifference, even though she was seething with anger”
    synonyms: feign, sham, simulate
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    pretend to be somebody in the framework of a game or playful activity
    deceive by a mock action
    type of:
    act, dissemble, pretend
    behave unnaturally or affectedly




DISCLAIMER: These example sentences appear in various news sources and books to reflect the usage of the word ‘assume'. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of or its editors. Send us feedback
Commonly confused words

assume / presume

Assume and presume both mean to believe something before it happens, but when you assume you're not really sure. If someone bangs on your door in the middle of the night, you might assume it's your crazy neighbor. If your neighbor knocks on your door every night at 6:30, at 6:29 you can presume she's coming over in a minute.

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