Stock is collective noun for the stuff a store or a company has to sell, be it toilet paper, automobiles or clothing. Many stores close once a year for a few days to do an inventory of their stock.

Stock is used in all kinds of contexts, as both a noun and a verb, but always has an eye on the things that are present and available. Stock boys stock the shelves at grocery stores. Consumers stock up on toilet paper. Car thieves take stock (assess the stuff they can do) when they run out of gas and the sirens are getting louder. And finally, companies sell stock — small shares of ownership — in their companies to raise money.

Definitions of stock
  1. noun
    a supply of something available for future use
    synonyms: fund, store
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    base, infrastructure
    the stock of basic facilities and capital equipment needed for the functioning of a country or area
    cache, hoard, stash
    a secret store of valuables or money
    a store or supply of something (especially of food or clothing or arms)
    government issue, issue, military issue
    supplies (as food or clothing or ammunition) issued by the government
    seed stock
    a supply of seeds (or tubers) reserved for planting
    seed corn, seed grain
    good quality seeds (as kernels of corn) that are reserved for planting
    type of:
    (finance) profits that are not paid out as dividends but are added to the capital base of the corporation
  2. noun
    the merchandise that a shop has on hand
    synonyms: inventory
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    type of:
    merchandise, product, ware
    commodities offered for sale
  3. noun
    lumber used in the construction of something
    “they will cut round stock to 1-inch diameter”
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    type of:
    lumber, timber
    the wood of trees cut and prepared for use as building material
  4. noun
    the capital raised by a corporation through the issue of shares entitling holders to an ownership interest (equity)
    “he owns a controlling share of the company's stock
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    common shares, common stock, ordinary shares
    stock other than preferred stock; entitles the owner to a share of the corporation's profits and a share of the voting power in shareholder elections
    no-par stock, no-par-value stock
    stock with no par value specified in the corporate charter or on the stock certificate
    preference shares, preferred shares, preferred stock
    stock whose holders are guaranteed priority in the payment of dividends but whose holders have no voting rights
    the number of shares outstanding and available for trading by the public
    common stock equivalent
    preferred stock or convertible bonds or warrants that can be converted into common stock
    control stock
    shares owned by shareholders who have a controlling interest
    growth stock
    stock of a corporation that has had faster than average gains in earnings and is expected to continue to
    hot issue, hot stock
    newly issued stock that is in great public demand
    authorized shares, authorized stock, capital stock
    the maximum number of shares authorized under the terms of a corporation's articles of incorporation
    quarter stock
    stock with a par value of $25/share
    reacquired stock, treasury shares, treasury stock
    stock that has been bought back by the issuing corporation and is available for retirement or resale; it is issued but not outstanding; it cannot vote and pays no dividends
    voting stock
    shares in a corporation that entitle the shareholder to voting and proxy rights
    watered stock
    stock representing ownership of overvalued assets; stock of a corporation whose total worth is less than its invested capital
    blue chip, blue-chip stock
    a common stock of a nationally known company whose value and dividends are reliable; typically have high price and low yield
    classified stock
    common stock classified as A or B where A has certain advantages (e.g., voting power) that B does not
    stock of record
    stock held by stockholders of record on a given date
    cumulative preferred, cumulative preferred stock
    preferred stock whose dividends if omitted accumulate until paid out
    type of:
    capital, working capital
    assets available for use in the production of further assets
  5. noun
    a certificate documenting the shareholder's ownership in the corporation
    “the value of his stocks doubled during the past year”
    synonyms: stock certificate
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    any of the equal portions into which the capital stock of a corporation is divided and ownership of which is evidenced by a stock certificate
    type of:
    certificate, security
    a formal declaration that documents a fact of relevance to finance and investment; the holder has a right to receive interest or dividends
  6. noun
    the descendants of one individual
    synonyms: ancestry, blood, blood line, bloodline, descent, line, line of descent, lineage, origin, parentage, pedigree, stemma
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    family, family line, folk, kinfolk, kinsfolk, phratry, sept
    people descended from a common ancestor
    a family line of descent
    members of a family line
    the people of your home locality (especially your own family)
    aristocratic family line
    a sequence of powerful leaders in the same family
    gens, name
    family based on male descent
    type of:
    family tree, genealogy
    successive generations of kin
  7. noun
    the reputation and popularity a person has
    “his stock was so high he could have been elected mayor”
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    type of:
    reputation, repute
    the state of being held in high esteem and honor
  8. noun
    a special variety of domesticated animals within a species
    synonyms: breed, strain
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    thoroughbred horses (collectively)
    line of descent of a purebred animal
    type of:
    animal group
    a group of animals
    (biology) a taxonomic category consisting of members of a species that differ from others of the same species in minor but heritable characteristics
  9. noun
    any animals kept for use or profit
    synonyms: farm animal, livestock
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    type of:
    eutherian, eutherian mammal, placental, placental mammal
    mammals having a placenta; all mammals except monotremes and marsupials
  10. adjective
    repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse
    “a stock answer”
    synonyms: banal, commonplace, hackneyed, old-hat, shopworn, threadbare, timeworn, tired, trite, well-worn
    not original; not being or productive of something fresh and unusual
  11. adjective
    “a stock answer”
    conforming to or constituting a standard of measurement or value; or of the usual or regularized or accepted kind
  12. adjective
    regularly and widely used or sold
    “a stock item”
    synonyms: standard
    in accordance with fixed order or procedure or principle
  13. verb
    have on hand
    synonyms: carry, stockpile
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    type of:
    have, have got, hold
    have or possess, either in a concrete or an abstract sense
  14. verb
    amass so as to keep for future use or sale or for a particular occasion or use
    “let's stock coffee as long as prices are low”
    synonyms: buy in, stock up
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    stock excessively
    stock with less than the usual or desirable number or quantity
    type of:
    furnish, provide, render, supply
    give something useful or necessary to
  15. verb
    provide or furnish with a stock of something
    stock the larder with meat”
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    place into a river
    stock again
    type of:
    furnish, provide, render, supply
    give something useful or necessary to
  16. verb
    supply with fish
    stock a lake”
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    type of:
    furnish, provide, render, supply
    give something useful or necessary to
  17. verb
    supply with livestock
    stock a farm”
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    type of:
    furnish, provide, render, supply
    give something useful or necessary to
  18. noun
    the handle end of some implements or tools
    “he grabbed the cue by the stock
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    bitstock, brace
    a carpenter's tool having a crank handle for turning and a socket to hold a bit for boring
    butt, butt end
    thick end of the handle
    rifle butt
    the butt end of a rifle
    type of:
    grip, handgrip, handle, hold
    the appendage to an object that is designed to be held in order to use or move it
  19. noun
    the handle of a handgun or the butt end of a rifle or shotgun or part of the support of a machine gun or artillery gun
    “the rifle had been fitted with a special stock
    synonyms: gunstock
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    pistol grip
    a handle (as of a gun or saw) shaped like the butt of a pistol
    type of:
    grip, handgrip, handle, hold
    the appendage to an object that is designed to be held in order to use or move it
    any device that bears the weight of another thing
  20. verb
    equip with a stock
    stock a rifle”
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    type of:
    equip, fit, fit out, outfit
    provide with (something) usually for a specific purpose
  21. noun
    a plant or stem onto which a graft is made; especially a plant grown specifically to provide the root part of grafted plants
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    root or part of a root used for plant propagation; especially that part of a grafted plant that supplies the roots
    type of:
    plant part, plant structure
    any part of a plant or fungus
  22. noun
    persistent thickened stem of a herbaceous perennial plant
    synonyms: caudex
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    type of:
    stalk, stem
    a slender or elongated structure that supports a plant or fungus or a plant part or plant organ
  23. noun
    any of various ornamental flowering plants of the genus Malcolmia
    synonyms: Malcolm stock
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    type of:
    a plant cultivated for its blooms or blossoms
  24. noun
    any of several Old World plants cultivated for their brightly colored flowers
    synonyms: gillyflower
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    Matthiola incana, brompton stock
    European plant with racemes of sweet-scented flowers; widely cultivated as an ornamental
    type of:
    a plant cultivated for its blooms or blossoms
  25. verb
    put forth and grow sprouts or shoots
    synonyms: sprout
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    type of:
    acquire, develop, get, grow, produce
    come to have or undergo a change of (physical features and attributes)
  26. noun
    liquid in which meat, bones, or vegetables are simmered; used as a basis for e.g. soups or sauces
    “she made gravy with a base of beef stock
    synonyms: broth
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    liquor, pot likker, pot liquor
    the liquid in which vegetables or meat have be cooked
    beef broth, beef stock
    a stock made with beef
    chicken broth, chicken stock
    a stock made with chicken
    stock cube
    a cube of dehydrated stock
    type of:
    liquid food especially of meat or fish or vegetable stock often containing pieces of solid food
  27. noun
    an ornamental white cravat
    synonyms: neckcloth
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    type of:
    neckwear worn in a slipknot with long ends overlapping vertically in front
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