When you hungrily eye the pizzas your friends ordered, count everyone in the room, and then mentally divide the number of slices by the number of people, you're figuring out your share, or portion, of pizza.

Your share of something can be the part of the total that's due to you — your share of the piñata candy — or it can be the section of something you're responsible for, like doing your share of cleaning out the garage. When you use share as a verb, it means to give or distribute a portion of something. The word share and its meaning of dividing into pieces come from the Proto-Indo-European word sker, "to cut."

Primary Meanings of share

assets belonging to or due to or contributed by an individual person or group
have in common
a sharp steel wedge that cuts loose the top layer of soil
Full Definitions of share

n assets belonging to or due to or contributed by an individual person or group

“he wanted his share in cash”
part, percentage, portion
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a portion of something (especially money)
a share that has been dispensed or distributed
a share of money or food or clothing that has been charitably given
a portion of something divided into shares
a fixed portion that is allotted (especially in times of scarcity)
an amount allowed or granted (as during a given period)
piece, slice
a share of something
a promised or claimed share of loot or money
interest, stake
(law) a right or legal share of something; a financial involvement with something
profit sharing
a system in which employees receive a share of the net profits of the business
a share of the profits
allocation, allotment
a share set aside for a specific purpose
funds advanced to a prospector or to someone starting a business in return for a share of the profits
controlling interest
ownership of more than 50% of a corporation's voting shares
insurable interest
an interest in a person or thing that will support the issuance of an insurance policy; an interest in the survival of the insured or in the preservation of the thing that is insured
vested interest
(law) an interest in which there is a fixed right to present or future enjoyment and that can be conveyed to another
security interest
any interest in a property that secures the payment of an obligation
terminable interest
an interest in property that terminates under specific conditions
undivided interest, undivided right
the interest in property owned by tenants whereby each tenant has an equal right to enjoy the entire property
an interest in land capable of being inherited
rake-off, vigorish
a percentage (of winnings or loot or profit) taken by an operator or gangster
a share that has been allocated again
a proportional share assigned to each participant
privy purse
allowance for a monarch's personal expenses
the ownership interest of shareholders in a corporation
(law) an interest in an estate that reverts to the grantor (or his heirs) at the end of some period (e.g., the death of the grantee)
(frequently plural) the interest possessed by law or custom in some intangible thing
Type of:
anything of material value or usefulness that is owned by a person or company

n any of the equal portions into which the capital stock of a corporation is divided and ownership of which is evidenced by a stock certificate

“he bought 100 shares of IBM at the market price”
Type of:
stock, stock certificate
a certificate documenting the shareholder's ownership in the corporation

n the allotment of some amount by dividing something

“death gets more than its share of attention from theologians”
parcel, portion
Type of:
allocation, allotment, apportioning, apportionment, assignation, parceling, parcelling
the act of distributing by allotting or apportioning; distribution according to a plan

n the part played by a person in bringing about a result

“they all did their share of the work”
contribution, part
the part you are expected to play
Type of:
attempt, effort, endeavor, endeavour, try
earnest and conscientious activity intended to do or accomplish something

v have in common

“Our children share a love of music”
“The two countries share a long border”
have some of the qualities or attributes of something
have at least three points in common with
Type of:
coincide partially or wholly

v use jointly or in common

double up
share a room or a bed designed for only one person
combine into a common fund
communalise, communalize
make something the property of the commune or community
Type of:
apply, employ, use, utilise, utilize
put into service; make work or employ for a particular purpose or for its inherent or natural purpose

v have, give, or receive a share of

“We shared the cake”
partake, partake in
cut in
allow someone to have a share or profit
Type of:
acquire, get
come into the possession of something concrete or abstract

v give out as one's portion or share

apportion, deal, divvy up, portion out
Type of:
distribute, give out, hand out, pass out
give to several people

v communicate

“I'd like to share this idea with you”
Type of:
communicate, intercommunicate
transmit thoughts or feelings

n a sharp steel wedge that cuts loose the top layer of soil

ploughshare, plowshare
Type of:
something solid that is usable as an inclined plane (shaped like a V) that can be pushed between two things to separate them

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