To apportion is to divide something into shares and hand it out. With 11 guests at your birthday party, it makes sense to cut the cake into 12 slices and apportion one to each — leaving one slice for you!

The verb apportion means "allocate" or "divvy up," and it's often used to talk about the way money is distributed. For example, your parents might evenly apportion an allowance to each of their children, or apportion slightly less money to your youngest sibling. In government, power is also apportioned in various ways, as when laws apportion a certain number of congressional representatives to each state.

Definitions of apportion

v distribute according to a plan or set apart for a special purpose

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reallocate, reapportion
allocate, distribute, or apportion anew
ration, ration out
distribute in rations, as in the army
award, present
give, especially as an honor or reward
present someone with a certificate
bestow, confer
Type of:
allot, assign, portion
give out

v give out as one's portion or share

deal, divvy up, portion out, share
Type of:
distribute, give out, hand out, pass out
give to several people

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