Essential Words of TOEFL

332 words 391 learners

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Full list of words from this list:

  1. abandon
    forsake; leave behind
  2. adversely
    in an opposing or negative manner
  3. aggregate
    a sum total of many heterogeneous things taken together
  4. cultivation
    production of food by preparing the land to grow crops
  5. fertilize
    provide with fertilizers or add nutrients to
  6. intensify
    increase in extent or strength
  7. irrigation
    the act of supplying dry land with water by artificial means
  8. obtain
    come into possession of
  9. precipitation
    the falling to earth of any form of water
  10. anticipate
    regard something as probable or likely
  11. catastrophic
    extremely harmful; bringing physical or financial ruin
  12. collide
    crash together with violent impact
  13. eruption
    the sudden occurrence of a violent discharge
  14. famine
    a severe shortage of food resulting in starvation and death
  15. flood
    the rising of a body of water and its overflowing onto land
  16. impact
    the striking of one body against another
  17. persevere
    be persistent, refuse to stop
  18. plunge
    dash violently or with great speed or impetuosity
  19. unleash
    turn loose or free from restraint
  20. adapt
    make fit for, or change to suit a new purpose
  21. diverse
    distinctly dissimilar or unlike
  22. evolve
    undergo development
  23. feature
    a prominent attribute or aspect of something
  24. inherent
    existing as an essential constituent or characteristic
  25. process
    a particular course of action intended to achieve a result
  26. survive
    continue in existence after
  27. constraint
    the state of being physically limited
  28. deplete
    use up, as resources or materials
  29. dispose
    give, sell, or transfer to another
  30. elemental
    of or being the essential or basic part
  31. extinction
    the state of being no longer in existence
  32. reservoir
    lake used to store water for community use
  33. shrink
    wither, as with a loss of moisture
  34. stable
    resistant to change of position or condition
  35. adjust
    alter or regulate so as to conform to a standard
  36. arbitrary
    based on or subject to individual discretion or preference
  37. denominator
    the divisor of a fraction
  38. exponentially
    in a manner of rapid growth
  39. infinitesimal
    immeasurably small
  40. proportion
    relation with respect to comparative quantity or magnitude
  41. sequence
    a following of one thing after another in time
  42. accuracy
    the quality of being near to the true value
  43. adjacent
    having a common boundary or edge
  44. feasibly
    in a practicable manner; so as to be feasible
  45. gut
    the part of the alimentary canal between the stomach and the anus
  46. integrally
    in an integral manner
  47. overlap
    extend over and cover a part of
  48. retain
    secure and keep for possible future use or application
  49. seep
    pass gradually or leak or as if through small openings
  50. corrode
    cause to deteriorate due to water, air, or an acid
  51. derive
    come from
  52. expeditiously
    with efficiency; in an efficient manner
  53. implement
    a piece of equipment or a tool used for a specific purpose
  54. innovative
    being like nothing done or experienced or created before
  55. convey
    transmit or serve as the medium for transmission
  56. discrete
    constituting a separate entity or part
  57. nucleus
    a part of the cell responsible for growth and reproduction
  58. permeate
    spread or diffuse through
  59. trigger
    lever that activates the firing mechanism of a gun
  60. acquisition
    something gained
  61. anomaly
    deviation from the normal or common order, form, or rule
  62. consciously
    with awareness
  63. degrade
    reduce in worth or character, usually verbally
  64. indisputable
    not open to question; obviously true
  65. intervene
    be placed or located between other things
  66. intuitively
    in an intuitive manner
  67. recede
    pull back or move away or backward
  68. retrieve
    get or find back; recover the use of
  69. agnostic
    a person who claims the existence of God is unknowable
  70. animism
    the doctrine that all natural objects have souls
  71. atheist
    someone who denies the existence of god
  72. contemplate
    think intently and at length, as for spiritual purposes
  73. deify
    exalt to the position of a God
  74. ecclesiastical
    of or associated with a church
  75. exalt
    praise, glorify, or honor
  76. pious
    having or showing or expressing reverence for a deity
  77. sacrifice
    the act of killing in order to appease a deity
  78. aggravate
    make worse
  79. decrepit
    worn and broken down by hard use
  80. fatally
    with fatal consequences or implications
  81. forensics
    the use of scientific techniques in criminal investigations
  82. prognosis
    a prediction of the course of a disease
  83. vein
    a blood vessel that carries blood toward the heart
  84. anesthesia
    loss of bodily sensation
  85. augment
    enlarge or increase
  86. certifiable
    capable of being guaranteed or certified
  87. complication
    the act or process of making more difficult or challenging
  88. cure
    a medicine or therapy that treats disease or relieves pain
  89. implant
    fix or set securely or deeply
  90. obese
    excessively large
  91. scar
    a mark left by the healing of injured tissue
  92. astrological
    relating to divination by the positions of heavenly bodies
  93. divination
    the art or gift of prophecy by supernatural means
  94. haunt
    follow stealthily or pursue like a ghost
  95. intermediary
    a negotiator who acts as a link between parties
  96. invoke
    request earnestly; ask for aid or protection
  97. mediate
    act between parties with a view to reconciling differences
  98. phantom
    something existing in perception only
  99. psychic
    a person sensitive to things beyond natural perception
  100. perpetuate
    cause to continue or prevail
  101. assimilate
    make alike
  102. cremation
    the incineration of a dead body
  103. domesticate
    make fit for cultivation and service to humans
  104. folklore
    the unwritten stories and proverbs and songs of a culture
  105. relic
    an antiquity that has survived from the distant past
  106. rite
    any customary observance or practice
  107. ritually
    in a ceremonial manner
  108. saga
    a narrative telling the adventures of a hero or a family
  109. vestige
    an indication that something has been present
  110. amend
    make revisions to
  111. biased
    favoring one person or side over another
  112. burden
    weight to be carried or borne
  113. counter
    a calculator recording the number of times something happens
  114. discriminate
    marked by the ability to see or make fine distinctions
  115. oppress
    come down on or keep down by unjust use of one's authority
  116. paradigm
    a standard or typical example
  117. prejudiced
    showing bias or bigotry or influenced by preconceived ideas
  118. distinctly
    in a distinct and distinguishable manner
  119. erudite
    having or showing profound knowledge
  120. fortify
    make strong or stronger
  121. implicitly
    without ever expressing so clearly
  122. parochial
    relating to or supported by or located in a parish
  123. rigor
    excessive sternness
  124. roster
    a list of names
  125. secular
    someone who is not a clergyman or a professional person
  126. suspend
    bar temporarily
  127. allegiance
    the act of binding yourself to a course of action
  128. artillery
    large but transportable armament
  129. cease
    put an end to a state or an activity
  130. hierarchy
    a series of ordered groupings within a system
  131. mobilize
    make ready for action or use
  132. conquest
    the act of defeating and taking control of
  133. apex
    the highest point of something
  134. collapse
    break down, literally or metaphorically
  135. devise
    arrange by systematic planning and united effort
  136. invasive
    gradually intrusive without right or permission
  137. prevailing
    most frequent or common
  138. severely
    to a severe or serious degree
  139. violation
    an act that disregards an agreement or a right
  140. chronologically
    with respect to chronology
  141. coincide
    happen simultaneously
  142. deny
    declare untrue; contradict
  143. consequence
    a phenomenon that is caused by some previous phenomenon
  144. diminish
    decrease in size, extent, or range
  145. longitude
    the angular distance from the prime meridian at Greenwich
  146. reconciliation
    the reestablishment of cordial relations
  147. allocate
    distribute according to a plan or set apart for a purpose
  148. commodity
    any good that can be bought and sold
  149. equity
    the quality of being fair, reasonable, or impartial
  150. decline
    grow worse
  151. inflation
    the act of filling something with air
  152. regulate
    bring into conformity with rules, principles, or usage
  153. subsidy
    a grant of financial assistance, especially by a government
  154. tangible
    perceptible by the senses, especially the sense of touch
  155. accumulate
    get or gather together
  156. affluence
    abundant wealth
  157. elite
    a group or class of persons enjoying superior status
  158. impoverish
    make poor
  159. nobility
    a privileged class holding hereditary titles
  160. prestige
    a high standing achieved through success or influence
  161. privileged
    blessed with special advantages
  162. prosper
    make steady progress
  163. asset
    a useful or valuable quality
  164. jointly
    in collaboration or cooperation
  165. lease
    a contract granting use or occupation of property
  166. liability
    the state of being legally obliged and responsible
  167. proprietor
    someone who owns a business
  168. compensate
    make amends for
  169. enterprising
    marked by initiative and readiness to undertake new projects
  170. exploit
    use or manipulate to one's advantage
  171. incentive
    a positive motivational influence
  172. industrious
    characterized by hard work and perseverance
  173. proletarian
    belonging to or characteristic of the working class
  174. marginal
    at or constituting a border or edge
  175. merit
    the quality of being deserving
  176. promote
    assign to a higher position
  177. resign
    accept as inevitable
  178. distill
    undergo condensation
  179. trade
    the commercial exchange of goods and services
  180. entrepreneurial
    of or relating to someone who starts a new business
  181. haggle
    an instance of intense argument (as in bargaining)
  182. intrepid
    invulnerable to fear or intimidation
  183. merchant
    a businessperson engaged in retail trade
  184. proportionate
    being in due magnitude or extent
  185. prototype
    a standard or typical example
  186. reward
    compensation for worthy acts or retribution for wrongdoing
  187. shuttle
    bobbin that passes the weft thread between the warp threads
  188. advocate
    a person who pleads for a person, cause, or idea
  189. authority
    the power or right to give orders or make decisions
  190. bitterly
    extremely and sharply
  191. coalition
    the union of diverse things into one body or form or group
  192. inaugurate
    commence officially
  193. poll
    the counting of votes (as in an election)
  194. accuse
    blame for; make a claim of wrongdoing or misbehavior against
  195. allegedly
    according to what has been declared but not proved
  196. convict
    find or declare guilty
  197. guilty
    responsible for or chargeable with wrongdoing
  198. offense
    a failure to show regard for others
  199. peer
    look searchingly
  200. verdict
    findings of a jury on issues submitted to it for decision
  201. apprehend
    anticipate with dread or anxiety
  202. bureaucratic
    of or relating to unnecessary procedures and red tape
  203. condemn
    express strong disapproval of
  204. implicate
    bring into intimate and incriminating connection
  205. inquiry
    an instance of questioning
  206. intrusive
    tending to enter uninvited
  207. seize
    take hold of; grab
  208. surveillance
    close observation of a person or group
  209. assail
    attack someone physically or emotionally
  210. contrary
    exact opposition
  211. hypothesize
    believe especially on uncertain or tentative grounds
  212. impair
    make worse or less effective
  213. inference
    a conclusion you can draw based on known evidence
  214. objectively
    in a manner not influenced by emotion
  215. suspicious
    openly distrustful and unwilling to confide
  216. tolerate
    put up with something or somebody unpleasant
  217. corruption
    use of a position of trust for dishonest gain
  218. bribery
    the practice of offering something (usually money) in order to gain an illicit advantage
  219. cynically
    with cynicism; in a cynical manner
  220. erode
    remove soil or rock
  221. evade
    avoid or try to avoid fulfilling, answering, or performing
  222. grotesque
    distorted and unnatural in shape or size
  223. integrity
    an undivided or unbroken completeness with nothing wanting
  224. prevalent
    most frequent or common
  225. reform
    make changes for improvement to remove abuse and injustices
  226. scandal
    a disgraceful event
  227. unmask
    take the mask off
  228. abduction
    the criminal act of carrying someone away by force
  229. coerce
    cause to do through pressure or necessity
  230. detain
    cause to be slowed down or delayed
  231. deviant
    a person whose behavior does not conform to social norms
  232. distort
    twist and press out of shape
  233. intentionally
    with intention; in an intentional manner
  234. piracy
    the act of plagiarizing
  235. predicament
    an unpleasant or difficult situation
  236. smuggle
    import or export without paying customs duties
  237. villainy
    the quality of evil due to wicked behavior
  238. interdict
    command against
  239. juxtapose
    place side by side
  240. misconception
    an incorrect assumption
  241. potent
    having or wielding force or authority
  242. subtly
    in a manner difficult to detect or grasp
  243. ancestral
    of or inherited from someone from whom you are descended
  244. cohesion
    the state of sticking together
  245. descendant
    a person considered as coming from some ancestor or race
  246. inheritance
    hereditary succession to a title or an office or property
  247. kin
    a person related to another or others
  248. legitimate
    in accordance with accepted standards or principles
  249. paternal
    characteristic of a father
  250. proximity
    the property of being close together
  251. sentiment
    a personal belief or judgment
  252. sibling
    a person's brother or sister
  253. affection
    a positive feeling of liking
  254. associate
    bring or come into action
  255. bond
    a connection that fastens things together
  256. clique
    an exclusive circle of people with a common purpose
  257. confide
    reveal in private
  258. exclusive
    admitting or accepting only a particular group
  259. fluctuate
    move or sway in a rising and falling or wavelike pattern
  260. solidarity
    a union of interests or purposes among members of a group
  261. willing
    the act of making a choice
  262. despondent
    without or almost without hope
  263. devotion
    commitment to some purpose
  264. dilemma
    state of uncertainty in a choice between unfavorable options
  265. engender
    call forth
  266. passion
    a strong feeling or emotion
  267. proliferation
    a rapid increase in number
  268. reciprocity
    a relation of mutual dependence or action or influence
  269. vanish
    become invisible or unnoticeable
  270. antipathy
    a feeling of intense dislike
  271. arrogantly
    in an arrogant manner
  272. berate
    censure severely or angrily
  273. contemptuous
    expressing extreme scorn
  274. despise
    look down on with disdain or disgust
  275. humiliation
    depriving one of self-esteem
  276. obnoxious
    causing disapproval or protest
  277. stigmatize
    condemn or openly brand as disgraceful
  278. vitriolic
    harsh, bitter, or malicious in tone
  279. rebel
    someone who exhibits independence in thought and action
  280. adolescent
    a person who is older than 12 but younger than 20
  281. conflict
    an open clash between two opposing groups
  282. delinquency
    nonpayment of a debt when due
  283. fringe
    an ornamental border of short lengths of hanging threads
  284. hedonistic
    devoted to pleasure
  285. hypocritically
    in a hypocritical manner
  286. manipulation
    exerting shrewd or devious influence for one's own advantage
  287. status
    the condition or someone or something at a particular time
  288. sculpture
    a three-dimensional work of art
  289. context
    the set of facts or circumstances that surround a situation
  290. depict
    give a description of
  291. esthetically
    in a tasteful way
  292. intrinsic
    belonging to a thing by its very nature
  293. portrayal
    any likeness of a person, in any medium
  294. realism
    the attribute of accepting the facts of life
  295. spectrum
    a broad range of related objects, values, or qualities
  296. advent
    arrival that has been awaited
  297. ambiguous
    having more than one possible meaning
  298. connotation
    an idea that is implied or suggested
  299. decipher
    convert code into ordinary language
  300. denote
    have as a meaning
  301. illiterate
    not able to read or write
  302. ingenious
    showing inventiveness and skill
  303. inscription
    the activity of carving or engraving letters or words
  304. amateurish
    lacking professional skill or expertise
  305. cast
    put or send forth
  306. charismatic
    possessing an extraordinary ability to attract
  307. gala
    a lavish public entertainment or celebration
  308. hilarious
    extremely funny; causing laughter
  309. improvisation
    a performance given without planning or preparation
  310. incompetent
    not qualified or suited for a purpose
  311. skit
    a short theatrical performance or episode
  312. zeal
    a feeling of strong eagerness
  313. bulk
    the property possessed by a large mass
  314. capricious
    determined by chance or impulse rather than by necessity
  315. cumbersome
    difficult to handle or use because of size or weight
  316. exotic
    characteristic of another place or part of the world
  317. inhibit
    limit the range or extent of
  318. striking
    having a quality that thrusts itself into attention
  319. vanity
    feelings of excessive pride
  320. vulnerable
    capable of being wounded or hurt
  321. dramatic
    characteristic of a stage performance
  322. upward
    spatially or metaphorically from a lower to a higher position
  323. escalate
    increase in extent or intensity
  324. plunge
    dash violently or with great speed or impetuosity
  325. plateau
    a relatively flat highland
  326. enormous
    extraordinarily large in size or extent or degree
  327. substantial
    real; having a material or factual existence
  328. steady
    securely in position; not shaky
  329. gentle
    soft and mild; not harsh or stern or severe
  330. negligible
    so small as to be meaningless; insignificant
  331. abrupt
    exceedingly sudden and unexpected
  332. swift
    moving very fast
Created on December 6, 2012 (updated December 6, 2012)

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