anomaly

An anomaly is an abnormality, a blip on the screen of life that doesn’t fit with the rest of the pattern. If you are a breeder of black dogs and one puppy comes out pink, that puppy is an anomaly.

The noun anomaly comes from the Greek word anomolia, meaning "uneven” or “irregular.” When something is unusual compared to similar things around it, it’s the anomaly. If you are an Olympian who comes from a family of bookish types who all find it strenuous to walk the dog, you are an anomaly.

Definitions of anomaly
  1. noun
    deviation from the normal or common order or form or rule
    synonyms: anomalousness
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    types:
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    birth defect, congenital abnormality, congenital anomaly, congenital defect, congenital disorder
    a defect that is present at birth
    ablepharia
    a congenital absence of eyelids (partial or complete)
    albinism
    the congenital absence of pigmentation in the eyes and skin and hair
    anencephalia, anencephaly
    a defect in brain development resulting in small or missing brain hemispheres
    ametria
    congenital absence of the uterus
    color blindness, color vision deficiency, colour blindness, colour vision deficiency
    genetic inability to distinguish differences in hue
    epispadias
    a congenital abnormality in males in which the urethra is on the upper surface of the penis
    clinocephalism, clinocephaly
    a congenital defect in which the top of the head is depressed (concave instead of convex)
    clinodactyly
    a congenital defect in which one or more toes or fingers are abnormally positioned
    macroglossia
    a congenital disorder characterized by an abnormally large tongue; often seen in cases of Down's syndrome
    Down syndrome, Down's syndrome, mongolianism, mongolism, trisomy 21
    a congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosome; results in a flat face and short stature and mental retardation
    acrocephaly, oxycephaly
    a congenital abnormality of the skull; the top of the skull assumes a cone shape
    cheiloschisis, cleft lip, harelip
    a congenital cleft in the middle of the upper lip
    cleft palate
    a congenital fissure of the hard palate
    amelia
    congenital absence of an arm or leg
    meromelia
    congenital absence of part of an arm or leg
    encephalocele
    protrusion of brain tissue through a congenital fissure in the skull
    meningocele
    a congenital anomaly of the central nervous system in which a sac protruding from the brain or the spinal meninges contains cerebrospinal fluid (but no nerve tissue)
    myelomeningocele
    a congenital defect of the central nervous system in which a sac containing part of the spinal cord and its meninges protrude through a gap in the vertebral column; frequently accompanied by hydrocephalus and mental retardation
    plagiocephaly
    congenital malformation of the skull in which the main axis of the skull is oblique
    polysomy
    congenital defect of having one or more extra chromosomes in somatic cells
    hermaphrodism, hermaphroditism
    congenital condition in which external genitalia and internal sex organs have both male and female characteristics
    pseudohermaphroditism
    congenital condition in which a person has external genitalia of one sex and internal sex organs of the other sex
    scaphocephaly
    congenital malformation of the skull which is long and narrow; frequently accompanied by mental retardation
    congenital heart defect
    a birth defect involving the heart
    rachischisis, schistorrhachis, spina bifida
    a not uncommon congenital defect in which a vertebra is malformed; unless several vertebrae are affected or there is myelomeningocele there are few symptoms; can be diagnosed by amniocentesis
    spinocerebellar disorder
    any of several congenital disorders marked by degeneration of the cerebellum and spinal cord resulting in spasticity and ataxia
    hyperdactyly, polydactyly
    birth defect characterized by the presence of more than the normal number of fingers or toes
    syndactylism, syndactyly
    birth defect in which there is partial or total webbing connecting two or more fingers or toes
    ankyloglossia, tongue tie
    a congenital anomaly in which the mucous membrane under the tongue is too short limiting the mobility of the tongue
    type of:
    abnormalcy, abnormality
    an abnormal physical condition resulting from defective genes or developmental deficiencies
  2. noun
    a person who is unusual
    synonyms: unusual person
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    types:
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    anachronism
    a person who seems to be displaced in time; who belongs to another age
    aberrant
    one whose behavior departs substantially from the norm of a group
    albino
    a person with congenital albinism: white hair and milky skin; eyes are usually pink
    automaton, zombi, zombie
    someone who acts or responds in a mechanical or apathetic way
    eccentric, eccentric person, flake, geek, oddball
    a person with an unusual or odd personality
    behemoth, colossus, giant, goliath, monster
    someone or something that is abnormally large and powerful
    Jekyll and Hyde
    someone with two personalities - one good and one evil
    kook, odd fellow, odd fish, odd man out, queer bird, queer duck
    someone regarded as eccentric or crazy and standing out from a group
    misfit
    someone unable to adapt to their circumstances
    rara avis, rare bird
    a rare or unique person
    transexual, transsexual
    a person who has undergone a sex change operation
    ugly duckling
    an ugly or unpromising child who grows into a beautiful or worthy person
    anthropoid, ape
    person who resembles a nonhuman primate
    crackpot, crank, fruitcake, nut, nut case, screwball
    a whimsically eccentric person
    dork, jerk
    a dull stupid fatuous person
    nutter, wacko, whacko
    a person who is regarded as eccentric or mad
    addle-head, addlehead, birdbrain, loon
    a person with confused ideas; incapable of serious thought
    type of:
    individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul
    a human being
  3. noun
    (astronomy) position of a planet as defined by its angular distance from its perihelion (as observed from the sun)
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    type of:
    place, position
    the particular portion of space occupied by something
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