Barrons's Essential Words for the TOEFL + Some additional words

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definitions & notes only words
  1. abroad
    to or in a foreign country
  2. abrupt
    exceedingly sudden and unexpected
  3. acceptable
    worthy of approval or satisfactory
  4. acclaim
    enthusiastic approval
  5. actually
    in fact
  6. adverse
    in an opposing direction
  7. adverse
    in an opposing direction
  8. attractive
    pleasing to the eye or mind as through beauty or charm
  9. autonomous
    existing as an independent entity
  10. disapproval
    an inclination to withhold approval from some person or group
  11. disruptive
    characterized by unrest or disorder or insubordination
  12. haphazardly
    in a random manner
  13. ideal
    a principle or value that one hopes to attain or conform to
  14. persistent
    stubbornly unyielding
  15. wide
    having great extent from one side to the other
  16. advanced
    situated ahead or going before
  17. appealing
    able to attract interest or draw favorable attention
  18. encourage
    inspire with confidence
  19. advantage
    the quality of having a superior or more favorable position
  20. celebrated
    widely known and esteemed
  21. energetic
    possessing or displaying forceful exertion
  22. advent
    arrival that has been awaited
  23. agile
    moving quickly and lightly
  24. allow
    make it possible for something to happen
  25. contemporary
    occurring in the same period of time
  26. distribute
    give to several people
  27. frail
    physically weak
  28. refine
    reduce to a pure state
  29. worthwhile
    sufficiently valuable to justify the investment of time
  30. alter
    cause to change; make different
  31. analyze
    break down into components or essential features
  32. ancient
    belonging to times long past
  33. annoying
    causing irritation
  34. anticipate
    regard something as probable or likely
  35. conform
    be similar, be in line with
  36. defect
    a failing or deficiency
  37. enrich
    make better or improve in quality
  38. intensify
    increase in extent or strength
  39. intolerable
    incapable of being put up with
  40. observe
    watch attentively
  41. ongoing
    currently happening
  42. propose
    present for consideration, examination, or criticism
  43. restore
    bring back into original existence, function, or position
  44. vital
    performing an essential function in the living body
  45. ambiguous
    having more than one possible meaning
  46. apparent
    clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment
  47. arbitrary
    based on or subject to individual discretion or preference
  48. assert
    declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true
  49. astounding
    bewildering or striking dumb with wonder
  50. astute
    marked by practical hardheaded intelligence
  51. authorize
    grant permission or clearance for
  52. deceptively
    in a misleading way
  53. determined
    having been learned or found especially by investigation
  54. elicit
    call forth, as an emotion, feeling, or response
  55. forbid
    command against
  56. petition
    a formal request that something be submitted to an authority
  57. relinquish
    turn away from; give up
  58. resilient
    recovering readily from adversity, depression, or the like
  59. tempt
    dispose, incline, or entice to
  60. amaze
    affect with wonder
  61. baffle
    be a mystery or bewildering to
  62. bear
    be pregnant with
  63. block
    obstruct
  64. blur
    confuse or make unclear
  65. brilliant
    full of light; shining intensely
  66. caution
    judiciousness in avoiding harm or danger
  67. challenge
    a call to engage in a contest or fight
  68. delicate
    developed with extreme subtlety
  69. enhance
    increase
  70. intrigue
    a crafty and involved plot to achieve your ends
  71. persuade
    cause somebody to adopt a certain position or belief
  72. replace
    put something back where it belongs
  73. shed
    cause or allow to flow or run out or over
  74. unique
    the single one of its kind
  75. chiefly
    for the most part
  76. coarse
    rough to the touch
  77. commonplace
    completely ordinary and unremarkable
  78. comparatively
    in a relative manner; by comparison to something else
  79. complex
    complicated in structure
  80. conventional
    following accepted customs and proprieties
  81. curious
    eager to investigate and learn or learn more
  82. emit
    give off, send forth, or discharge
  83. exceedingly
    to an extreme degree
  84. exclusively
    without any others being included or involved
  85. immense
    unusually great in size or amount or extent or scope
  86. rigid
    incapable of or resistant to bending
  87. routinely
    according to established practice
  88. sufficiently
    to a degree that fulfills a need or requirement
  89. visibly
    in a visible manner
  90. appropriate
    suitable for a particular person, place, or situation
  91. convenient
    suited to your comfort or purpose or needs
  92. prosperous
    in fortunate circumstances financially
  93. clarify
    make clear by removing impurities or solids, as by heating
  94. conceal
    prevent from being seen or discovered
  95. confirm
    strengthen
  96. constantly
    without variation or change, in every case
  97. core
    the center of an object
  98. critical
    of a serious examination and judgment of something
  99. distort
    twist and press out of shape
  100. diverse
    distinctly dissimilar or unlike
  101. purposefully
    in a purposeful manner
  102. reveal
    make visible
  103. scarcely
    only a very short time before
  104. theoretically
    in theory; according to the assumed facts
  105. accelerate
    move faster
  106. crack
    a narrow opening
  107. create
    bring into existence
  108. creep
    move slowly
  109. crush
    compress with violence, out of natural shape or condition
  110. cultivate
    adapt something wild to the environment
  111. dictate
    a guiding principle
  112. distinguish
    mark as different
  113. flaw
    an imperfection in an object or machine
  114. harvest
    the gathering of a ripened crop
  115. mirror
    polished surface that forms images by reflecting light
  116. obtain
    come into possession of
  117. particle
    (nontechnical usage) a tiny piece of anything
  118. settle
    become resolved, fixed, established, or quiet
  119. transport
    move something or somebody around
  120. accurate
    characterized by perfect conformity to fact or truth
  121. classify
    arrange or order by categories
  122. currency
    the metal or paper medium of exchange that is presently used
  123. deep
    having great spatial extension downward or inward
  124. dense
    having high compaction or concentration
  125. depend
    be contingent upon
  126. on
    in a state required for something to function or be effective
  127. dim
    lacking in light; not bright or harsh
  128. display
    something intended to communicate a particular impression
  129. export
    sell or transfer abroad
  130. gigantic
    exceedingly large or extensive
  131. impressive
    making a strong or vivid mental image
  132. lasting
    lasting a long time without change
  133. treasury
    a depository where wealth can be kept safely
  134. uniform
    clothing of distinctive design worn by members of a group
  135. vibrant
    vigorous and animated
  136. distinct
    constituting a separate entity or part
  137. dominant
    most frequent or common
  138. dormant
    inactive but capable of becoming active
  139. drab
    a dull greyish to yellowish or light olive brown
  140. dramatic
    characteristic of a stage performance
  141. elaborate
    marked by complexity and richness of detail
  142. exceptional
    surpassing what is common or usual or expected
  143. hazardous
    involving risk or danger
  144. minuscule
    very small
  145. prime
    of or relating to the first or originating agent
  146. rudimentary
    being in the earliest stages of development
  147. sensitive
    responsive to physical stimuli
  148. superficial
    of, affecting, or being on or near the surface
  149. terrifying
    causing extreme terror
  150. vigorous
    characterized by forceful and energetic action or activity
  151. amenity
    pleasantness resulting from agreeable conditions
  152. destroy
    do away with; cause the ruin or undoing of
  153. disperse
    move away from each other
  154. dwelling
    housing that someone is living in
  155. element
    a substance that cannot be separated into simpler substances
  156. elementary
    of or being the essential or basic part
  157. eliminate
    end, take out, or do away with
  158. emphasize
    stress or single out as important
  159. encircle
    surround or form a ring around
  160. erratic
    liable to sudden unpredictable change
  161. exaggerate
    enlarge beyond bounds or the truth
  162. mention
    make reference to
  163. pier
    a platform built out from the shore into the water
  164. prevalent
    most frequent or common
  165. release
    grant freedom to; free from confinement
  166. benefit
    something that aids or promotes well-being
  167. blind
    unable to see
  168. broaden
    make wider
  169. burgeon
    grow and flourish
  170. conspicuously
    in a manner tending to attract attention
  171. demand
    request urgently and forcefully
  172. endorse
    approve of
  173. enormous
    extraordinarily large in size or extent or degree
  174. entirely
    to a complete degree or to the full or entire extent
  175. erode
    remove soil or rock
  176. evaporate
    change into gas or steam
  177. recover
    regain or make up for
  178. reportedly
    according to reports or other information
  179. shift
    move very slightly
  180. suffer
    undergo or be subjected to
  181. dignitary
    an important or influential person
  182. crucial
    of extreme importance; vital to the resolution of a crisis
  183. elude
    escape, either physically or mentally
  184. evident
    clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment
  185. exhaust
    wear out completely
  186. extensive
    large in spatial extent or range or scope or quantity
  187. extremely
    to the greatest possible degree
  188. face
    the front of the human head from the forehead to the chin
  189. facet
    a distinct feature or element in a problem
  190. hero
    someone who fights for a cause
  191. inaccessible
    capable of being reached with great difficulty or not at all
  192. obviously
    unmistakably
  193. predictably
    in a predictable manner or to a predictable degree
  194. solve
    find the answer to or understand the meaning of
  195. suitable
    meant or adapted for an occasion or use
  196. ample
    more than enough in size or scope or capacity
  197. arid
    lacking sufficient water or rainfall
  198. avoid
    stay away from
  199. defy
    resist or confront with resistance
  200. enact
    order by virtue of superior authority; decree
  201. even
    being level or straight or regular and without variation
  202. feign
    make believe with the intent to deceive
  203. fertile
    capable of reproducing
  204. freshly
    very recently
  205. function
    what something is used for
  206. fundamental
    serving as an essential component
  207. indiscriminate
    failing to make or recognize distinctions
  208. selective
    characterized by very careful or fastidious choice
  209. spacious
    having ample room
  210. withstand
    resist or confront with resistance
  211. durable
    existing for a long time
  212. favor
    an act of gracious kindness
  213. gain
    obtain
  214. generate
    bring into existence
  215. halt
    cause to stop
  216. handle
    touch, lift, or hold
  217. harbor
    a sheltered port where ships can take on or discharge cargo
  218. harmful
    causing or capable of causing damage
  219. insignificant
    conveying nothing
  220. mysterious
    beyond ordinary understanding
  221. perilous
    fraught with danger
  222. postpone
    hold back to a later time
  223. promote
    assign to a higher position
  224. reject
    refuse to accept or acknowledge
  225. substantial
    real; having a material or factual existence
  226. conscientious
    characterized by extreme care and great effort
  227. convey
    transmit or serve as the medium for transmission
  228. encompass
    include in scope
  229. expansion
    the act of increasing in size or volume or quantity or scope
  230. heighten
    make more extreme; raise in quantity, degree, or intensity
  231. highlight
    an area of lightness in a picture
  232. inadvertently
    without knowledge or intention
  233. inevitable
    incapable of being avoided or prevented
  234. infancy
    the early stage of growth or development
  235. miraculously
    in a miraculous manner
  236. retrieve
    get or find back; recover the use of
  237. systematically
    in a consistent manner
  238. unlikely
    not likely to be true or to occur or to have occurred
  239. unwarranted
    incapable of being justified or explained
  240. zenith
    the point above the observer directly opposite the nadir
  241. agitate
    move or cause to move back and forth
  242. confidential
    given in secret
  243. delighted
    greatly pleased
  244. discreetly
    with discretion; prudently and with wise self-restraint
  245. documented
    furnished with or supported by written information
  246. gradually
    in a gradual manner
  247. influence
    a power to affect persons or events
  248. inordinate
    beyond normal limits
  249. instantly
    without delay or hesitation; with no time intervening
  250. intentionally
    with intention; in an intentional manner
  251. intrinsic
    belonging to a thing by its very nature
  252. inundate
    fill or cover completely, usually with water
  253. involve
    contain as a part
  254. nominal
    relating to or constituting or bearing or giving a name
  255. presumably
    by reasonable assumption
  256. absurd
    inconsistent with reason or logic or common sense
  257. abuse
    cruel or inhumane treatment
  258. allocation
    the act of distributing or apportioning according to a plan
  259. balanced
    being in a state of proper equilibrium
  260. conservation
    careful management of the environment and natural resources
  261. fallacious
    containing or based on incorrect reasoning
  262. feasible
    capable of being done with means at hand
  263. lack
    the state of needing something that is absent or unavailable
  264. limber
    easily bent
  265. means
    how a result is obtained or an end is achieved
  266. narrow
    not wide
  267. preconception
    an opinion formed beforehand without adequate evidence
  268. robust
    sturdy and strong in form, constitution, or construction
  269. steady
    securely in position; not shaky
  270. swift
    moving very fast
  271. antiquated
    so extremely old as seeming to belong to an earlier period
  272. coherent
    marked by an orderly and consistent relation of parts
  273. develop
    progress or evolve through a process of natural growth
  274. fabricate
    put together out of artificial or natural components
  275. investigation
    an inquiry into unfamiliar or questionable activities
  276. normally
    under normal conditions
  277. notice
    the act of paying attention
  278. notion
    a general inclusive concept
  279. novel
    an extended fictional work in prose
  280. opposition
    being against something that you disapprove or disagree with
  281. record
    anything providing permanent evidence about past events
  282. relate
    give an account of
  283. suspect
    regard as untrustworthy
  284. unbiased
    without prejudice
  285. varied
    characterized by diversity
  286. accentuate
    stress or single out as important
  287. disguise
    any attire that conceals the wearer's identity
  288. finance
    the commercial activity of providing funds and capital
  289. initiate
    set in motion, start an event or prepare the way for
  290. innovative
    being like nothing done or experienced or created before
  291. narrate
    provide commentary for a film, for example
  292. nevertheless
    despite anything to the contrary
  293. occasionally
    now and then or here and there
  294. omit
    leave undone or leave out
  295. outlandish
    noticeably or extremely unconventional or unusual
  296. overcome
    win a victory over
  297. partially
    in some degree; not wholly
  298. pass
    go across or through
  299. portray
    represent abstractly, for example in a painting
  300. submit
    yield to the control of another
  301. decline
    grow worse
  302. gather
    assemble or get together
  303. motion
    the act of changing location from one place to another
  304. partisan
    a fervent and even militant proponent of something
  305. pattern
    a perceptual structure
  306. phenomenal
    exceedingly or unbelievably great
  307. philanthropic
    of or relating to charitable giving
  308. placid
    calm and free from disturbance
  309. plentiful
    existing in great number or quantity
  310. reaction
    an idea evoked by some experience
  311. rhythm
    an interval during which a recurring sequence occurs
  312. scenic
    of or relating to the stage or stage sets
  313. shallow
    lacking physical depth
  314. sheltered
    protected from danger or bad weather
  315. vanishing
    a sudden or mysterious disappearance
  316. account
    a record or narrative description of past events
  317. archaic
    so extremely old as seeming to belong to an earlier period
  318. hasten
    move fast
  319. hue
    the quality of a color determined by its dominant wavelength
  320. illustration
    a visual representation to make a subject easy to understand
  321. inactive
    not engaged physically or mentally
  322. intricate
    having many complexly arranged elements; elaborate
  323. magnitude
    the property of relative size or extent
  324. oblige
    force somebody to do something
  325. overlook
    have a view of something from above
  326. poll
    the counting of votes (as in an election)
  327. position
    the particular part of space occupied by something
  328. practical
    guided by experience and observation rather than theory
  329. predominant
    having superior power and influence
  330. prompt
    according to schedule or without delay
  331. analogous
    similar or equivalent in some respects
  332. approximately
    imprecise but fairly close to correct
  333. compel
    force somebody to do something
  334. formidable
    extremely impressive in strength or excellence
  335. intrusive
    tending to enter uninvited
  336. periodically
    in a sporadic manner
  337. prone
    having a tendency
  338. prophetic
    foretelling events as if by supernatural intervention
  339. proportion
    relation with respect to comparative quantity or magnitude
  340. readily
    without much difficulty
  341. reliably
    in a faithful manner
  342. reluctantly
    with a certain degree of unwillingness
  343. renown
    the state or quality of being widely honored and acclaimed
  344. sacrifice
    the act of killing in order to appease a deity
  345. triumph
    a successful ending of a struggle or contest
  346. affordable
    reasonably priced
  347. mediocre
    moderate to inferior in quality
  348. scattered
    lacking orderly continuity
  349. contaminated
    corrupted by contact or association
  350. discernible
    perceptible by the senses or intellect
  351. flourishing
    very lively and profitable
  352. maintain
    keep in a certain state, position, or activity
  353. negligible
    so small as to be meaningless; insignificant
  354. parallel
    being everywhere equidistant and not intersecting
  355. peculiar
    beyond or deviating from the usual or expected
  356. potent
    having or wielding force or authority
  357. remarkable
    unusual or striking
  358. solid
    not soft or yielding to pressure
  359. somewhat
    to a small degree or extent
  360. tedious
    so lacking in interest as to cause mental weariness
  361. briefly
    for a short time
  362. circulate
    move through a system and return to the starting point
  363. consistently
    in a systematic or steady manner
  364. exhibit
    show; make visible or apparent
  365. found
    food and lodging provided in addition to money
  366. improperly
    in an improper way
  367. impulsively
    in an impulsive or impetuous way; without taking cautions
  368. infrequently
    not many times
  369. isolated
    remote and separate physically or socially
  370. overtly
    in an overt manner
  371. profoundly
    to a great depth psychologically
  372. sharply
    very suddenly and to a great degree
  373. situated
    situated in a particular spot or position
  374. subsequently
    happening at a time later than another time
  375. unmistakable
    clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment
  376. chaotic
    completely unordered and unpredictable and confusing
  377. characteristic
    typical or distinctive
  378. controversial
    marked by or capable of arousing disagreement
  379. exemplify
    be characteristic of
  380. gratifying
    affording satisfaction or pleasure
  381. interpret
    make sense of; assign a meaning to
  382. launch
    propel with force
  383. legitimate
    in accordance with accepted standards or principles
  384. particular
    unique or specific to a person or thing or category
  385. radiant
    emanating or as if emanating light
  386. ridge
    a long narrow natural elevation or striation
  387. span
    the distance or interval between two points
  388. spontaneous
    said or done without having been planned in advance
  389. stream
    a natural body of water flowing on or under the earth
  390. striking
    having a quality that thrusts itself into attention
  391. aptly
    in a competent capable manner
  392. demonstration
    a show or display
  393. ingredient
    a component of a mixture or compound
  394. involuntarily
    against your will
  395. marvel
    be amazed at
  396. measurable
    capable of being measured
  397. moderate
    marked by avoidance of extravagance or extremes
  398. odd
    not divisible by two
  399. reflection
    the phenomenon of a propagating wave being thrown back
  400. supposedly
    believed or reputed to be the case
  401. sustained
    continued at length without interruption or weakening
  402. symbol
    something visible that represents something invisible
  403. synthesis
    the combination of ideas into a complex whole
  404. tangible
    perceptible by the senses, especially the sense of touch
  405. tightly
    in a tight or constricted manner
  406. aggravating
    making worse
  407. amusement
    an activity that is diverting and that holds the attention
  408. conceivably
    within the realm of possibility
  409. convert
    change the nature, purpose, or function of something
  410. curative
    tending to cure or restore to health
  411. debilitating
    impairing strength and vitality
  412. deplete
    use up, as resources or materials
  413. finite
    bounded in magnitude or spatial or temporal extent
  414. perceive
    become aware of through the senses
  415. security
    the state of being free from danger or injury
  416. toxic
    of or relating to or caused by a poison
  417. tranquility
    an untroubled state that is free from disturbances
  418. trap
    a device in which something can be caught and penned
  419. undeniably
    to an undeniable degree or in an undeniable manner
  420. underestimate
    make too low an approximation of
  421. acknowledge
    declare to be true or admit the existence or reality of
  422. acquire
    come into the possession of something concrete or abstract
  423. assimilate
    make alike
  424. assortment
    the act of distributing things into classes of the same type
  425. condense
    cause a gas or vapor to change into a liquid
  426. contradictory
    not able to be true at the same time
  427. disregard
    lack of attention and due care
  428. precious
    of high worth or cost
  429. requisite
    necessary for relief or supply
  430. unravel
    become or cause to become undone by separating the fibers of
  431. vague
    lacking clarity or distinctness
  432. vast
    unusually great in size or amount or extent or scope
  433. volume
    the property of something that is great in magnitude
  434. caliber
    diameter of a tube or gun barrel
  435. prominent
    conspicuous in position or importance
  436. charisma
    personal attractiveness that enables you to influence others
  437. clever
    mentally quick and resourceful
  438. convince
    make realize the truth or validity of something
  439. endure
    undergo or be subjected to
  440. forfeit
    lose the right to or lose by some error, offense, or crime
  441. precarious
    not secure; beset with difficulties
  442. severe
    unsparing and uncompromising in discipline or judgment
  443. sporadic
    recurring in scattered or unpredictable instances
  444. superior
    of high quality or performance
  445. wanton
    a lewd or lascivious person
  446. weak
    wanting in physical strength
  447. widespread
    widely circulated or diffused
  448. wisdom
    accumulated knowledge or erudition or enlightenment
  449. witticism
    a message whose ingenuity has the power to evoke laughter
  450. woo
    seek someone's favor
  451. hem in
    surround in a restrictive manner
  452. take in
    provide with shelter
  453. root out
    destroy completely, as if down to the roots
  454. sweep up
    force into some kind of situation, condition, or course of action
  455. equinox
    when the sun crosses the plane of the earth's equator
  456. trudge
    walk heavily and firmly, as when weary, or through mud
  457. inference
    drawing a conclusion on the basis of circumstantial evidence
  458. rhetorical
    relating to using language effectively
  459. divine
    a clergyman or other person in religious orders
  460. clergyman
    a member of the clergy and a spiritual leader of the Christian Church
  461. contradict
    prove negative; show to be false
  462. rigid
    incapable of or resistant to bending
  463. taut
    pulled or drawn tight
  464. deteriorate
    become worse or disintegrate
  465. inferior
    of or characteristic of low rank or importance
  466. tallow
    a hard substance used for making soap and candles
  467. alkali
    any of various water-soluble compounds capable of turning litmus blue and reacting with an acid to form a salt and water
  468. refute
    overthrow by argument, evidence, or proof
  469. cannon
    a large artillery gun that is usually on wheels
  470. intrude
    enter uninvited
  471. locomotion
    the power or ability to move
  472. antecedent
    a preceding occurrence or cause or event
  473. erosion
    the process of wearing or grinding something down
Created on July 27, 2012 (updated July 28, 2012)

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