The 2012 SAT High Frequency Word List

Words diretectly borrowed from SAT textbook
Read more...

Start learning with an activity...

  • Practice

    Answer a few questions on each word. Get one wrong? We'll ask some follow-up questions. Use it to prep for your next quiz!
  • Spelling Bee

    Test your spelling acumen. See the definition, listen to the word, then try to spell it correctly. Beat your last streak, or best your overall time. Spellers of the world, unite!
  • Vocabulary Jam

    Compete head-to-head in real-time to see which team can answer the most questions correctly. Start a Jam and invite your friends and classmates to join!

Explore the Words

definitions & notes only words
  1. abridge
    lessen, diminish, or curtail
    After releasing two abridged years of tax returns, he has steadfastly insisted that he won't release any more.
    kısaltmak, özetlemek
  2. abstemious
    marked by temperance in indulgence
    kanaatkâr
  3. abstract
    existing only in the mind
  4. abstruse
    difficult to understand
    anlaşılması zor
  5. accessible
    capable of being reached
  6. acclaim
    enthusiastic approval
  7. acknowledge
    declare to be true or admit the existence or reality of
  8. adulation
    exaggerated flattery or praise
  9. adversary
    someone who offers opposition
    düşman
  10. adversity
    a state of misfortune or affliction
    sıkıntı
  11. advocate
    a person who pleads for a person, cause, or idea
  12. aesthetic
    characterized by an appreciation of beauty or good taste
  13. affable
    diffusing warmth and friendliness
    arkadaş canlısı
  14. affirmation
    the act of asserting or stating something
  15. alleviate
    provide physical relief, as from pain
    hafifletmek
  16. aloof
    distant, cold, or detached in manner
    uzak (mecaz anlamını da düşün)
  17. altruistic
    showing unselfish concern for the welfare of others
  18. ambiguous
    having more than one possible meaning
    belirsiz
  19. ambivalence
    mixed feelings or emotions
  20. analogous
    similar or equivalent in some respects
  21. anarchist
    an advocate of the abolition of governments
  22. anecdote
    short account of an incident
  23. animosity
    a feeling of ill will arousing active hostility
    kin, nefret, düşmanlık
  24. antagonism
    an actively expressed feeling of dislike and hostility
    kin, zıtlık, düşmanlık
  25. antidote
    a remedy that stops or controls the effects of a poison
    panzehir
  26. antiquated
    so extremely old as seeming to belong to an earlier period
    modası geçmiş
  27. apathy
    an absence of emotion or enthusiasm
    duygusuzluk
  28. appease
    make peace with
  29. apprehension
    fearful expectation or anticipation
    endişe
  30. arbitrary
    based on or subject to individual discretion or preference
    keyfi
  31. archaic
    so extremely old as seeming to belong to an earlier period
  32. arrogance
    overbearing pride evidenced by a superior manner
  33. articulate
    express or state clearly
  34. artifact
    a man-made object
  35. artisan
    a skilled worker who practices some trade or handicraft
    zanaatkâr
  36. ascendancy
    the state when one person or group has power over another
    üstünlük, itibar
  37. ascetic
    someone who practices self denial as a spiritual discipline
    sofu
  38. aspire
    have an ambitious plan or a lofty goal
    arzulamak
  39. astute
    marked by practical hardheaded intelligence
    zeki
  40. attribute
    a quality belonging to or characteristic of an entity
  41. augment
    enlarge or increase
    artırmak
  42. austere
    of a stern or strict bearing or demeanor
    sert,hoşgörüsüz
    sade
  43. authoritarian
    characteristic of an absolute ruler or absolute rule
  44. autonomous
    existing as an independent entity
  45. aversion
    a feeling of intense dislike
  46. belie
    be in contradiction with
  47. benevolent
    showing or motivated by sympathy and understanding
  48. bolster
    support and strengthen
  49. braggart
    a very boastful and talkative person
    palavracı
  50. brevity
    the attribute of being short or fleeting
  51. cajole
    influence or urge by gentle urging, caressing, or flattering
    razı etmek,
    tatlı sözle kandırmak
  52. calculated
    carefully thought out in advance
  53. candor
    the quality of being honest and straightforward
    açık kalplilik
  54. capricious
    determined by chance or impulse rather than by necessity
  55. censorious
    harshly critical or expressing censure
  56. censure
    harsh criticism or disapproval
  57. coercion
    using force to cause something to occur
    zorlama
  58. commemorate
    call to remembrance
    anmak
  59. compile
    get or gather together
    derlemek
  60. complacency
    the feeling you have when you are satisfied with yourself
    gönül rahatlığı
  61. compliance
    the act of submitting, usually surrendering power to another
    uyma
  62. composure
    steadiness of mind under stress
    sakinlik
  63. comprehensive
    including all or everything
  64. concede
    give over
  65. conciliatory
    making or willing to make concessions
  66. concise
    expressing much in few words
  67. concur
    happen simultaneously
  68. condone
    excuse, overlook, or make allowances for
  69. conflagration
    a very intense and uncontrolled fire
  70. confound
    be confusing or perplexing to
  71. consensus
    agreement in the judgment reached by a group as a whole
  72. constraint
    the state of being physically limited
  73. contend
    compete for something
  74. contentious
    showing an inclination to disagree
  75. contract
    a binding agreement that is enforceable by law
  76. conviction
    an unshakable belief in something without need for proof
  77. cordial
    politely warm and friendly
  78. corroborate
    give evidence for
  79. credulity
    tendency to believe readily
  80. criterion
    the ideal in terms of which something can be judged
  81. cryptic
    having a secret or hidden meaning
  82. cursory
    hasty and without attention to detail; not thorough
  83. curtail
    terminate or abbreviate before its intended or proper end
  84. decorum
    propriety in manners and conduct
  85. deference
    courteous regard for people's feelings
  86. degradation
    a change to a lower state
  87. delineate
    represented accurately or precisely
  88. denounce
    speak out against
  89. deplore
    express strong disapproval of
  90. depravity
    moral perversion; impairment of virtue and moral principles
  91. deprecate
    express strong disapproval of; deplore
  92. deride
    treat or speak of with contempt
  93. derivative
    a compound obtained from another compound
  94. despondent
    without or almost without hope
  95. detached
    no longer connected or joined
  96. deterrent
    something immaterial that interferes with action or progress
  97. detrimental
    causing harm or injury
  98. devious
    turning away from a straight course
  99. devise
    arrange by systematic planning and united effort
  100. diffuse
    spread out; not concentrated in one place
  101. digression
    a message that departs from the main subject
  102. diligence
    conscientiousness in paying proper attention to a task
  103. diminution
    change toward something smaller or lower
  104. discerning
    having or revealing keen insight and good judgment
  105. disclose
    expose to view as by removing a cover
  106. discordant
    not in agreement or harmony
  107. discount
    an amount or percentage deducted
  108. discrepancy
    a difference between conflicting facts or claims or opinions
  109. discriminating
    showing or indicating careful judgment and discernment
  110. disdain
    lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike
  111. disinclination
    a certain degree of unwillingness
  112. dismiss
    stop associating with
  113. disparage
    express a negative opinion of
  114. disparity
    inequality or difference in some respect
  115. disperse
    move away from each other
  116. disputatious
    showing an inclination to disagree
  117. disseminate
    cause to become widely known
  118. dissent
    a difference of opinion
  119. divergent
    tending to move apart in different directions
  120. doctrine
    a belief accepted as authoritative by some group or school
  121. document
    a representation of a person's thinking with symbolic marks
  122. dogmatic
    pertaining to a code of beliefs accepted as authoritative
  123. dubious
    fraught with uncertainty or doubt
  124. duplicity
    the act of deceiving or acting in bad faith
  125. eclectic
    selecting what seems best of various styles or ideas
  126. egotism
    an exaggerated opinion of your own importance
  127. elated
    exultantly proud and joyful; in high spirits
  128. eloquence
    powerful and effective language
  129. elusive
    skillful at evading capture
  130. embellish
    make more attractive, as by adding ornament or color
  131. emulate
    strive to equal or match, especially by imitating
  132. endorse
    approve of
  133. enhance
    increase
  134. enigma
    something that baffles understanding and cannot be explained
  135. enmity
    a state of deep-seated ill-will
  136. ephemeral
    anything short-lived, as an insect that lives only for a day
  137. equivocal
    open to two or more interpretations
  138. erroneous
    containing or characterized by mistakes
  139. erudite
    having or showing profound knowledge
  140. esoteric
    understandable only by an enlightened inner circle
  141. eulogy
    a formal expression of praise for someone who has died
  142. euphemism
    an inoffensive expression substituted for an offensive one
  143. exacerbate
    make worse
  144. exalt
    praise, glorify, or honor
  145. execute
    put in effect
  146. exemplary
    worthy of imitation
  147. exemplify
    be characteristic of
  148. exhaustive
    performed comprehensively and completely
  149. exhilarating
    making lively and joyful
  150. exonerate
    pronounce not guilty of criminal charges
  151. expedient
    appropriate to a purpose
  152. expedite
    process fast and efficiently
  153. explicit
    precisely and clearly expressed or readily observable
  154. exploit
    use or manipulate to one's advantage
  155. extol
    praise, glorify, or honor
  156. extraneous
    not belonging to that in which it is contained
  157. extricate
    release from entanglement or difficulty
  158. exploit
    use or manipulate to one's advantage
  159. extol
    praise, glorify, or honor
  160. extraneous
    not belonging to that in which it is contained
  161. extricate
    release from entanglement or difficulty
  162. exuberance
    joyful enthusiasm
  163. facilitate
    make easier
  164. fallacious
    containing or based on incorrect reasoning
  165. fanaticism
    excessive intolerance of opposing views
  166. fastidious
    giving careful attention to detail
  167. feasible
    capable of being done with means at hand
  168. fervor
    feelings of great warmth and intensity
  169. flagrant
    conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible
  170. frivolous
    not serious in content, attitude, or behavior
  171. frugality
    prudence in avoiding waste
  172. furtive
    secret and sly
  173. garrulous
    full of trivial conversation
  174. glutton
    a person who is devoted to eating and drinking to excess
  175. gratify
    make happy or satisfied
  176. gratuitous
    unnecessary and unwarranted
  177. gravity
    the force of attraction between all masses in the universe
  178. gregarious
    temperamentally seeking and enjoying the company of others
  179. guile
    shrewdness as demonstrated by being skilled in deception
  180. gullible
    naive and easily deceived or tricked
  181. hamper
    prevent the progress or free movement of
  182. hardy
    having rugged physical strength
  183. haughtiness
    overbearing pride evidenced by a superior manner
  184. hedonist
    someone motivated by desires for sensual pleasures
  185. heresy
    a belief that rejects the orthodox tenets of a religion
  186. hierarchy
    a series of ordered groupings within a system
  187. homogeneous
    all of the same or similar kind or nature
  188. hypocritical
    professing feelings or virtues one does not have
  189. hypothetical
    a conjectural possibility or circumstance
  190. idiosyncrasy
    a behavioral attribute peculiar to an individual
  191. illusory
    having the nature of something unreal or deceptive
  192. immutable
    not subject or susceptible to change or variation
  193. impair
    make worse or less effective
  194. impeccable
    without fault or error
  195. impede
    be a hindrance or obstacle to
  196. implausible
    highly imaginative but unlikely
  197. implement
    a piece of equipment or a tool used for a specific purpose
  198. impudence
    the trait of being rude and impertinent
  199. inadvertent
    happening by chance or unexpectedly or unintentionally
  200. inane
    devoid of intelligence
  201. incisive
    demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions
  202. incite
    provoke or stir up
  203. inclusive
    encompassing much or everything
  204. incongruous
    lacking in harmony or compatibility or appropriateness
  205. inconsequential
    lacking worth or importance
  206. incorrigible
    impervious to correction by punishment
  207. indict
    accuse formally of a crime
  208. indifferent
    marked by a lack of interest
  209. indiscriminate
    failing to make or recognize distinctions
  210. induce
    cause to act in a specified manner
  211. inert
    unable to move or resist motion
  212. ingenious
    showing inventiveness and skill
  213. inherent
    existing as an essential constituent or characteristic
  214. innate
    present at birth but not necessarily hereditary
  215. innocuous
    not injurious to physical or mental health
  216. innovation
    the act of starting something for the first time
  217. insipid
    lacking interest or significance or impact
  218. instigate
    provoke or stir up
  219. inundate
    fill or cover completely, usually with water
  220. invert
    turn inside out or upside down
  221. ironic
    displaying incongruity between what is expected and what is
  222. lament
    a cry of sorrow and grief
  223. laud
    praise, glorify, or honor
  224. lavish
    very generous
  225. lethargic
    deficient in alertness or activity
  226. levity
    a manner lacking seriousness
  227. linger
    remain present although waning or gradually dying
  228. listless
    lacking zest or vivacity
  229. lofty
    of imposing height; especially standing out above others
  230. malicious
    having the nature of threatening evil
  231. marred
    blemished by injury or rough wear
  232. materialism
    a desire for wealth and possessions
  233. methodical
    characterized by orderliness
  234. meticulous
    marked by precise accordance with details
  235. miserly
    characterized by or indicative of lack of generosity
  236. mitigate
    lessen or to try to lessen the seriousness or extent of
  237. morose
    showing a brooding ill humor
  238. mundane
    found in the ordinary course of events
  239. negate
    make ineffective by counterbalancing the effect of
  240. nonchalance
    the trait of remaining calm and seeming not to care
  241. notoriety
    the state of being known for some unfavorable act or quality
  242. novelty
    originality by virtue of being refreshingly new
  243. nurture
    provide with nourishment
  244. obliterate
    remove completely from recognition or memory
  245. oblivion
    the state of being disregarded or forgotten
  246. obscure
    not clearly understood or expressed
  247. obstinate
    marked by tenacious unwillingness to yield
  248. ominous
    threatening or foreshadowing evil or tragic developments
  249. opaque
    not transmitting or reflecting light or radiant energy
  250. opportunist
    a person who places expediency above principle
  251. optimistic
    hopeful that the best will happen in the future
  252. opulence
    wealth as evidenced by sumptuous living
  253. orator
    a person who delivers a speech
  254. ostentatious
    intended to attract notice and impress others
  255. pacifist
    someone opposed to violence as a means of settling disputes
  256. partisan
    a fervent and even militant proponent of something
  257. peripheral
    on or near an edge or constituting an outer boundary
  258. perpetuate
    cause to continue or prevail
  259. pervasive
    spreading or spread throughout
  260. pessimism
    a general disposition to expect the worst in all things
  261. phenomenal
    exceedingly or unbelievably great
  262. philanthropist
    someone who makes charitable donations
  263. piety
    righteousness by virtue of being religiously devout
  264. placate
    cause to be more favorably inclined
  265. ponderous
    having great mass and weight and unwieldiness
  266. pragmatic
    concerned with practical matters
  267. profane
    grossly irreverent toward what is held to be sacred
  268. profound
    situated at or extending to great depth
  269. profusion
    the property of being extremely abundant
  270. proliferation
    a rapid increase in number
  271. prolific
    intellectually productive
  272. provincial
    associated with an administrative district of a nation
  273. proximity
    the property of being close together
  274. prudent
    marked by sound judgment
  275. qualified
    meeting the proper standards and requirements for a task
  276. quandary
    state of uncertainty in a choice between unfavorable options
  277. ramble
    move about aimlessly or without any destination
  278. rancor
    a feeling of deep and bitter anger and ill-will
  279. ratify
    approve and express assent, responsibility, or obligation
  280. rebuttal
    the speech act of refuting by offering a contrary argument
  281. recluse
    one who lives in solitude
  282. recount
    narrate or give a detailed account of
  283. rectify
    make right or correct
  284. redundant
    more than is needed, desired, or required
  285. refute
    overthrow by argument, evidence, or proof
  286. relegate
    assign to a lower position
  287. remorse
    a feeling of deep regret, usually for some misdeed
  288. renounce
    turn away from; give up
  289. repel
    force or drive back
  290. reprehensible
    bringing or deserving severe rebuke or censure
  291. reprimand
    an act or expression of criticism and censure
  292. reprove
    reprimand, scold, or express dissatisfaction with
  293. repudiate
    refuse to acknowledge, ratify, or recognize as valid
  294. reserve
    hold back or set aside, especially for future use
  295. resign
    accept as inevitable
  296. resolution
    a decision to do something or to behave in a certain manner
  297. resolve
    find a solution or answer
  298. restraint
    the act of controlling by holding someone or something back
  299. reticence
    the trait of being uncommunicative
  300. retract
    formally reject or disavow
  301. reverent
    feeling or showing profound respect or veneration
  302. rhetorical
    relating to using language effectively
  303. rigorous
    strict; allowing no deviation from a standard
  304. robust
    sturdy and strong in form, constitution, or construction
  305. sage
    a mentor in spiritual and philosophical topics
  306. sanction
    official permission or approval
  307. satirical
    exposing human folly to ridicule
  308. saturate
    infuse or fill completely
  309. scanty
    lacking in extent or quantity
  310. scrupulous
    characterized by extreme care and great effort
  311. scrutinize
    examine carefully for accuracy
  312. seclusion
    the act of isolating oneself from others
  313. servile
    submissive or fawning in attitude or behavior
  314. skeptic
    someone who habitually doubts accepted beliefs
  315. sluggish
    moving slowly
  316. somber
    grave or even gloomy in character
  317. sporadic
    recurring in scattered or unpredictable instances
  318. squander
    spend thoughtlessly; throw away
  319. stagnant
    not growing or changing; without force or vitality
  320. static
    angry criticism
  321. submissive
    inclined or willing to give in to orders or wishes of others
  322. subordinate
    an assistant subject to the authority or control of another
  323. subside
    wear off or die down
  324. substantiate
    establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts
  325. succinct
    briefly giving the gist of something
  326. superficial
    of, affecting, or being on or near the surface
  327. superfluous
    more than is needed, desired, or required
  328. surpass
    be or do something to a greater degree
  329. surreptitious
    marked by quiet and caution and secrecy
  330. susceptible
    yielding readily to or capable of
  331. sustain
    lengthen or extend in duration or space
  332. sycophant
    a person who tries to please someone to gain an advantage
  333. taciturn
    habitually reserved and uncommunicative
  334. temper
    a characteristic state of feeling
  335. tentative
    hesitant or lacking confidence; unsettled in mind or opinion
  336. terse
    brief and to the point
  337. thrive
    make steady progress
  338. tranquility
    an untroubled state that is free from disturbances
  339. transient
    lasting a very short time
  340. trite
    repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse
  341. turbulence
    a state of violent disturbance and disorder
  342. turmoil
    a violent disturbance
  343. undermine
    weaken or impair, especially gradually
  344. uniformity
    the quality of lacking diversity or variation
  345. unwarranted
    incapable of being justified or explained
  346. usurp
    seize and take control without authority
  347. vacillate
    be undecided about something
  348. venerate
    regard with feelings of respect and reverence
  349. verbose
    using or containing too many words
  350. vigor
    forceful exertion
  351. vilify
    spread negative information about
  352. vindicate
    show to be right by providing justification or proof
  353. virtuoso
    someone who is dazzlingly skilled in any field
  354. volatile
    tending to vary often or widely
  355. whimsical
    determined by chance or impulse rather than by necessity
  356. zealot
    a fervent and even militant proponent of something
Created on October 9, 2012 (updated January 2, 2013)

Sign up now (it’s free!)

Whether you’re a teacher or a learner, Vocabulary.com can put you or your class on the path to systematic vocabulary improvement.