His government has
constitutional amendments curbing presidential powers, which were introduced after the Orange Revolution.New York Times (Aug 5, 2011)
the right to enter
concurrence of opinion
After weeks of negotiation, agreement was reached and the
accords were signed, later leading directly to the Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty of 1979.
the act of granting official approval or recognition
declare to be true or admit the existence or reality of
Napoleon also refused to
acknowledge diplomatic immunity, imprisoning several British diplomats accused of scheming against France.
stick to firmly
Lee also urged North Korea to
to UN resolutions aimed at deterring Pyongyang's nuclear ambitions.Reuters (Aug 15, 2012)
someone who offers opposition
an expert who gives advice
The oldest treatise on statecraft and diplomacy, Arthashastra, is attributed to Kautilya (also known as Chanakya), who was the principal
adviser to Chandragupta Maurya, the founder of the Maurya dynasty who ruled in the 3rd century BC, (whose capital was Patliputra, today's Patna, the chief city of Bihar state).
the state of being in action or exerting power
If discovered, these diplomats can be expelled from an embassy, but for the most part counter-intelligence
agencies prefer to keep these agents in situ and under close monitoring.
a representative who acts on behalf of others
If discovered, these diplomats can be expelled from an embassy, but for the most part counter-intelligence agencies prefer to keep these
agents in situ and under close monitoring.
the state of being confederated
From the Battle of Baideng (200 BC) to the Battle of Mayi (133 BC), the Han Dynasty was forced to uphold a marriage
alliance and pay an exorbitant amount of tribute (in silk, cloth, grain, and other foodstuffs) to the powerful northern nomadic Xiongnu that had been consolidated by Modu Shanyu.
a friendly nation
However, a great deal of diplomacy in establishing
allies, bartering land, and signing peace treaties was necessary for each warring state, and the idealized role of the "persuader/diplomat" developed.
a diplomat of the highest rank
Portraits of Periodical Offering, a 6th-century Chinese painting portraying various emissaries;
ambassadors depicted in the painting ranging from those of Hephthalites, Persia to Langkasuka, Baekje(part of the modern Korea), Qiuci, and Wo (Japan).
the act of acceding to demands
giving authoritative judgment
Nations sometimes resort to international
arbitration when faced with a specific question or point of contention in need of resolution.
a specialist assigned to the staff of a diplomatic mission
For instance, the job of military
attachés includes learning as much as possible about the military of the nation to which they are assigned.
existing as an independent entity
A state's ability to practice diplomacy has been one of the underlying defining characteristics of an
exchange goods without involving money
However, a great deal of diplomacy in establishing allies,
bartering land, and signing peace treaties was necessary for each warring state, and the idealized role of the "persuader/diplomat" developed.
give as a gift
A high rank was
bestowed upon them in order to present a sense of legitimacy with regards to their presence.
deliver to an enemy by treachery
having two sides or parts
the boundary of a surface
Diplomatic communications are also viewed as sacrosanct, and diplomats have long been allowed to carry documents across
borders without being searched.
refusal to have commercial dealings with some organization
an opening, especially a gap in a dike or fortification
While there have been a number of cases where diplomats have been killed, this is normally viewed as a great
breach of honour.
a businessman who buys or sells for another
the making of maps and charts
Both diplomats secured the rightful borders of the Song Dynasty through knowledge of
cartography and dredging up old court archives.
a deep and relatively narrow body of water
In some situations, such as between the United States and the People's Republic of China a large amount of diplomacy is done through semi-formal
channels using interlocutors such as academic members of thinktanks.
personal attractiveness that enables you to influence others
someone who pays for goods or services
act of working jointly
done by or characteristic of individuals acting together
League of Nations
the act of submitting, usually surrendering power to another
Arms-control treaties would be impossible without the power of reconnaissance satellites and agents to monitor
making or willing to make concessions
In an apparent
gesture, Saudi state TV showed King Abdullah welcoming leaders with Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad at his side.BBC (Aug 15, 2012)
an expression of strong disapproval
the way a person behaves toward other people
But with limited resources at their disposal,
conducting effective diplomacy poses unique challenges for small states.
Diplomatic training institutions
an open clash between two opposing groups
oppose, as in hostility or a competition
Others said that Mr. Ban could surprise critics by
or embarrassing Ayatollah Khamenei and his subordinates over their anti-Semitic statements.New York Times (Aug 23, 2012)
take possession of by force, as after an invasion
The revolution would see commoners take over the diplomacy of the French state, and of those
conquered by revolutionary armies.
a plot to carry out some harmful or illegal act
having to do with a consul or his office or duties
diplomatic building that serves as the residence or workplace of a consul
the act of meeting formally
Convention on Diplomatic Relations
a person or thing having the same function as another
"In the framework of diplomatic relations it was customary for Byzantine emperors and Muslim rulers, especially the 'Abbāsids and the Fātimids, as well as for Muslim rulers between themselves, to exchange precious gifts, with which they attempted to impress or surpass their
counterparts," remarks David Jacoby, in the context of the economics of silk in cultural exchange among Byzantium, Islam and the Latin West: merchants accompanied emissaries, who often traveled on commercial ships.
a considerate and respectful manner
Amenities were added to cater to military travelers, including weekly barbecues,
shuttles, full-time concierges and free laundry facilities and DVD rentals.New York Times (Jun 13, 2012)
secret or hidden
On almost every front in a wide-ranging
war with Israel and the United States, Iran appears to be suffering major setbacks.Newsweek (Aug 7, 2012)
a document attesting to the truth of certain stated facts
Local analysts say that playing up the "colonial" angle helps burnish Correa's anti-U.S.
and could lift his ratings.Reuters (Aug 22, 2012)
a crucial stage or turning point in the course of something
showing inventiveness and skill
In the 11th century during the Song Dynasty (960–1279), there were
cunning ambassadors such as Shen Kuo and Su Song who achieved diplomatic success with the Liao Dynasty, the often hostile Khitan neighbor to the north.
commonly used or practiced
By the late 16th century, permanent missions became
a statement that is emphatic and explicit
state emphatically and authoritatively
If a diplomat does commit a serious crime while in a host country he may be
declared as persona non grata (unwanted person).
existing, whether with lawful authority or not
Currently, the United States and other nations maintain informal relations through
de facto embassies, with names such as the American Institute in Taiwan.
a hostile challenge
Sometimes the exchanges may have no connection at all with governments, or may even act in
defiance of governments; such exchanges are called Track III.
turn from a straight course or fixed direction
a group of representatives
The Palestinian National Authority has its own diplomatic service, however Palestinian representatives in most Western countries are not accorded diplomatic immunity, and their missions are referred to as
the way a person behaves toward other people
The envoys sent at the time to the courts of other kingdoms tended to reside for extended periods of time, and Arthashastra contains advice on the
deportment of the envoy, including the trenchant suggestion that 'he should sleep alone'.
a conversation between two persons
Track II diplomacy is a specific kind of informal diplomacy, in which non-officials (academic scholars, retired civil and military officials, public figures, social activists) engage in
dialogue, with the aim of conflict resolution, or confidence-building.
negotiation between nations
an official engaged in international negotiations
International treaties are usually negotiated by
diplomats prior to endorsement by national politicians.
relating to negotiation between nations
a person forced to flee from home or country
the act of coming into conflict
a person who objects to some established policy
In times of hostility, diplomats are often withdrawn for reasons of personal safety, as well as in some cases when the host country is friendly but there is a perceived threat from internal
a belief accepted as authoritative by some group or school
a government order imposing a trade barrier
Cuban authorities continuously brag about keeping health care free and universal despite its lightweight economy and the 50-year-old U.S.
.Seattle Times (Aug 25, 2012)
a building where diplomats live or work
After a few tense hours, it became clear the Soviets were not going to storm the
.BBC (Sep 6, 2012)
give encouragement to
someone sent on a mission to represent another's interests
On the day the uprising broke out in Benghazi, Saadi was touring the city as an
from his father to its alienated citizens.New York Times (Sep 12, 2011)
the act of approving
International treaties are usually negotiated by diplomats prior to
endorsement by national politicians.
ensuring observance of or obedience to
Diplomats were thus used as an
enforcement mechanism on treaties and international law.
the act of increasing in size or volume or quantity or scope
an intricate trap that entangles or ensnares its victim
that which is perceived to have its own distinct existence
For many decades after its becoming independent, even many of the closest allies of the Dutch Republic refused to grant it full recognition. Today there are a number of independent
entities without widespread diplomatic recognition, most notably the Republic of China (ROC)/Taiwan on Taiwan Island.
a diplomat having less authority than an ambassador
a diplomat having less authority than an ambassador
the systematic use of spies to obtain secrets
Embassy staff would include a wide range of employees, including some dedicated to
happening or arising outside some limits or surface
surrender of an accused by one state or country to another
act of assisting the progress or improvement of something
the ship that carries the commander of a fleet and flies his flag
a state of constant change
an armed adversary
seeing ahead; knowing in advance; foreseeing
keep from happening or arising; make impossible
motion of hands or body to emphasize a thought or feeling
In an apparent conciliatory
, Saudi state TV showed King Abdullah welcoming leaders with Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad at his side.BBC (Aug 15, 2012)
the friendly hope that something will succeed
a complaint about a wrong that causes resentment
petty or reluctant in giving or spending
steering mechanism for a vessel
understanding the nature of an event after it has happened
In fact, the two long-term refinancing operations by the European Central Bank in
look increasingly like temporary sticking-plaster solutions.BBC (Jul 9, 2012)
a remote and undeveloped area
Erected with the stated aim of keeping out suicide bombers, the barrier has largely severed Jerusalem's Arab districts from their West Bank
.Reuters (Jan 19, 2011)
a tangible symbol signifying approval or distinction
characterized by enmity or ill will
In some cases, governments welcome such activity, for example as a means of establishing an initial contact with a
hostile state of group without being formally committed.
contrary to accepted morality or convention
a piece of equipment or a tool used for a specific purpose
charge and collect payment
freedom from control or influence of another or others
Other unrecognized regions which claim
independence include Abkhazia, Transnistria, Somaliland, South Ossetia, Nagorno Karabakh, and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.
readiness to embark on bold new ventures
a manual explaining how to install or operate a device
the means whereby some act is accomplished
a deliberately offensive act
an organized rebellion aimed at overthrowing a constituted government through the use of subversion and armed conflict
an undivided or unbroken completeness with nothing wanting
"Should Japan continue to make provocative moves, China will be justified in taking more aggressive measures to safeguard its territorial
," said the editorial.BBC (Jul 9, 2012)
the ability to comprehend
the act of intervening, as to mediate a dispute
It usually refers to international diplomacy, the conduct of international relations through the
intercession of professional diplomats with regard to issues of peace-making, trade, war, economics, culture, environment and human rights.
get involved, so as to alter or hinder an action
a person who takes part in a conversation
In some situations, such as between the United States and the People's Republic of China a large amount of diplomacy is done through semi-formal channels using
interlocutors such as academic members of thinktanks.
be placed or located between other things
the act of interposing one thing between or among others
intervention settled the conflict, and caused him to win the Nobel peace prize.
the act of scaring a weaker person to make them do something
"We call on the authorities at all levels to ensure that journalists are protected from violence and
."BBC (Aug 21, 2012)
a crafty and involved plot to achieve your ends
remote and separate physically or socially
Lacking the economic and political importance of Taiwan, these nations tend to be much more diplomatically
pose a threat to; present a danger to
an elected official still in office but not slated to continue
" refers to the legislative session that takes place after the November election and before new members of Congress are seated in January.Reuters (Aug 1, 2012)
surrounded entirely or almost entirely by land
Rains have already contributed to cholera deaths in the
nations of Mali and Niger as well, health officials said.New York Times (Aug 23, 2012)
an expression of agreement that is not supported by real conviction
relating to ships or navigation
maritime republics of Genoa and Venice depended less and less upon their nautical capabilities, and more and more upon the perpetuation of good relations with the Ottomans.
determine the dimensions of something or somebody
intrusive in an offensive manner
the act of intervening to bring about a settlement
The situation could be resolved with a prisoner swap - possible attempts at
are already under way.BBC (Aug 16, 2012)
a written proposal or reminder
liable to sudden unpredictable change
an operation that is assigned by a higher headquarters
Diplomats were sent only for specific negotiations, and would return immediately after their
cause to be more favorably inclined
an event that involves rising to a higher point
having many parts or sides
the lunar calendar used by Muslims
a discussion intended to produce an agreement
Diplomats were sent only for specific
negotiations, and would return immediately after their mission concluded.
attempting to win favor from influential people by flattery
Sir Gilbert cut his
civilities short by heartily shaking hands with him, and then departed.Trollope, Mrs
threatening or foreshadowing evil or tragic developments
an offensive against an enemy
the act of nullifying
beyond or across the ocean
Chinese maritime activity was increased dramatically during the commercialized period of the Song Dynasty, with new nautical technologies, many more private ship owners, and an increasing amount of economic investors in
a written agreement between two states or sovereigns
a cooperative relationship between people or groups
Pampers government was added by gulyasrobi ✖
paper tiger was added by gulyasrobi and appears on 15 other lists ✖
peace process was added by gulyasrobi and appears on 6 other lists ✖
plenipotentiary was added by gulyasrobi and appears on 56 other lists ✖
positive abstention was added by gulyasrobi and appears on 7 other lists ✖
power politics was added by gulyasrobi and appears on 2 other lists ✖
puppet government was added by gulyasrobi and appears on 1 other list ✖
put in quarantine was added b
a strong liking
tending to betray
continuing or enduring without marked change in status
By the late 16th century,
permanent missions became customary.
the act of persisting
a personal facade that one presents to the world
Eventually the primary purpose of a diplomat, which was originally a negotiator, evolved into a
persona that represented an autonomous state in all aspects of political affairs.
persona non grata
a person who for some reason is not wanted or welcome
a diplomat who is fully authorized to represent his or her government
showing regard for others in manners, speech, behavior, etc.
In an informal or social sense, diplomacy is the employment of tact to gain strategic advantage or to find mutually acceptable solutions to a common challenge, one set of tools being the phrasing of statements in a non-confrontational, or
status established in order of importance or urgency
precedence among nations (and therefore the appropriate diplomatic ranks used) persisted for over a century until after World War II, when the rank of ambassador became the norm.
the exertion of force to a surface
a special advantage or benefit not enjoyed by all
180–157) that they controlled areas stretching from Manchuria to the Tarim Basin oasis city-states, a treaty was drafted in 162 BC
proclaiming that everything north of the Great Wall belong to nomads' lands, while everything south of it would be reserved for Han Chinese.
forms of ceremony and etiquette observed by officials
If China fails to abide by W.T.O.
, the platform says, "the United States government will end procurement of Chinese goods and services."New York Times (Aug 29, 2012)
isolation to prevent the spread of infectious disease
show a response to something
a deliberate discourteous act
the act of taking in
concerning each of two or more persons or things
marked by defiant disregard for danger or consequences
identifying something or someone by remembering
recognition is an important factor in determining whether a nation is an independent state.
perceive to be the same
the act of scouting
Arms-control treaties would be impossible without the power of
reconnaissance satellites and agents to monitor compliance.
the governing authority of a political unit
keep in check
a payment of money sent to a person in another place
standing in for someone and speaking on their behalf
serving to typify
Milan was the first to send a
representative to the court of France in 1455.
a decision to do something or to behave in a certain manner
aimed at pressuring Syrian President Bashar Assad’s regime, which is fighting an increasingly vigorous armed opposition.Salon (Sep 6, 2012)
the speech act of continuing a conversational exchange
returning something or someone to a satisfactory state
The treaty was renewed no less than nine times, but did not
restrain some Xiongnu tuqi from raiding Han borders.
the contestant you hope to defeat
He lived during a time in which
rival states were starting to pay less attention to traditional respects of tutelage to the Zhou Dynasty (c.
a state that does not respect other states in its international actions
without mercy or pity
official permission or approval
disdainfully or ironically humorous
testing objects or persons in order to identify those with particular characteristics
Special meaning in EU context: "aquis screening" = testing the legislature of an EU candidate for compliance with the acquis communautaires.
free from danger or risk
secured the rightful borders of the Song Dynasty through knowledge of cartography and dredging up old court archives.
something resolved; the outcome of decision making
bind the arms of
conceal or hide
a contemptuous or scornful remark
refuse to acknowledge
a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
In an informal or social sense, diplomacy is the employment of tact to gain strategic advantage or to find mutually acceptable
solutions to a common challenge, one set of tools being the phrasing of statements in a non-confrontational, or polite manner.
the authority of a state to govern another state
Though used as a factor in judging
sovereignty, Article 3 of the Montevideo Convention states, "The political existence of the state is independent of recognition by other states."
a situation in which no progress can be made
a state at a particular time
Diplomatic relations within the Early Modern era of Asia were depicted as an environment of prestige and
exert much effort or energy
relating to an elaborate and systematic plan of action
Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
an expert in systematic plans of action
One of the earliest realists in international relations theory was the 6th century BC military
strategist Sun Tzu (d.
close observation of a person or group
A plane used for marine
by Frontex, the European Union border security agency, was also searching the waters.New York Times (Sep 7, 2012)
consideration in dealing with others
In an informal or social sense, diplomacy is the employment of
tact to gain strategic advantage or to find mutually acceptable solutions to a common challenge, one set of tools being the phrasing of statements in a non-confrontational, or polite manner.
a region marked off for administrative or other purposes
The Greek City States on some occasions sent envoys to each other in order to negotiate specific issues, such as war and peace or commercial relations, but did not have diplomatic representatives regularly posted in each other's
a radical who advocates violence against civilians
hinder or prevent, as an effort, plan, or desire
a slight but noticeable partiality
a line or route along which something travels or moves
an exchange that occurs as a compromise
move from one place to another
Compliance, he said, meant having
all Afghan citizens who were already in custody at the time the agreement was signed.New York Times (Sep 5, 2012)
a written agreement between two states or sovereigns
The EurActiv Web site on Thursday expressed doubt that all 27 member states could even agree to start
negotiations within the next few years.New York Times (Sep 6, 2012)
something given or done as an expression of esteem
From the Battle of Baideng (200 BC) to the Battle of Mayi (133 BC), the Han Dynasty was forced to uphold a marriage alliance and pay an exorbitant amount of
tribute (in silk, cloth, grain, and other foodstuffs) to the powerful northern nomadic Xiongnu that had been consolidated by Modu Shanyu.
lever that activates the firing mechanism of a gun
a state of peace agreed to between opponents
After several conflicts with the Tibetan Empire spanning several different decades, the Tang finally made a
truce and signed a peace treaty with them in 841.
worthy of trust or belief
, less politicized intelligence could have changed a great deal about the history of the last decade and a half.New York Times (Jun 5, 2012)
a bitter struggle for territory or power or control or rights
unpleasantly and excessively suave or ingratiating
involving only one part or side
a violent disturbance
force or impel in an indicated direction
an earnest and insistent necessity
conformity to reality or actuality
fail to agree with; go against
Some who have
the truce have been killed themselves, according to gang leaders and a social worker involved in the talks.New York Times (Aug 28, 2012)
a person or thing having the same characteristics as another
a dog trained to guard property
engaged in or accustomed to close observation
tending to reserve or introspection
In times of hostility, diplomats are often
withdrawn for reasons of personal safety, as well as in some cases when the host country is friendly but there is a perceived threat from internal dissidents.
an act exempting someone
exemption from taxation or normal processes of law that is offered to diplomatic personnel in a foreign country
transactions supplying goods and services
the quality of being in accord with right or good conduct
communication intended to induce belief or action
the status of being in charge
a plan for attaining a particular goal
active support of an idea or cause
the practice of working together on a common enterprise
an agreement between parties fixing obligations of each
a military training exercise
speak out against
a final peremptory demand
having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude
a round three-dimensional closed surface
an association of states or individuals for common action
a power to affect persons or events
the study of the effects of economic geography on the powers of the state
an act that disregards an agreement or a right
a statement that is emphatic and explicit
a final peremptory demand
travel back and forth between two points
serving an unusual or special function
sphere of influence
the geographical area in which one nation is very influential
a policy governing international relations
a spy for a foreign country
(military) a secret agent hired by a state to obtain information about its enemies or by a business to obtain industrial secrets from competitors
activity by a military or naval force
any entry into an area not previously occupied
incorporation by joining or uniting
the act of making or becoming a single entity
demand as being one's due or property
prisoner of war
a person who surrenders to the enemy in time of war
the loyalty that citizens owe to their country